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Healthcare

When alcohol ceases to be just a pleasure – the first symptoms of addiction and counteracting addiction

Symptoms of alcoholism in the first phase of addiction are difficult to observe by people from close surroundings. In many cases the symptoms of alcoholism are noticed until the advanced stage of the disease. Meanwhile, appropriate actions should be taken at an early stage of addiction, when symptoms can be observed by people in the immediate environment. 

Anti-alcoholism measures are implemented by state and local government bodies, however, at an early stage of addiction, the intervention of people in the immediate environment, who may observe disturbing symptoms of addiction, plays a huge role. Symptoms of alcoholism involve changes in behavior and appearance. Addiction to alcohol develops long and unconsciously. People who drink alcohol find it difficult to determine where the limit between the taste of alcohol consumption and the uncontrollable compulsion to reach for alcohol is. Meanwhile, the sooner you recognize alcoholism, the better your chances of returning to a normal life. 

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You can read also: Sport and drinking alcohol

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Warning symptoms of alcoholism 

Before an alcoholic develops an advanced disease and its complications (as further discussed), one can recognize a person who likes to consume alcohol with certain warning symptoms that are subtle and unobtrusive. The person with the following symptoms is at risk of alcoholism or is already developing an early phase of the disease. 

The early symptoms of alcoholism include regular drinking, daily at least 2 beers or 2 glasses of wine, or smaller amounts of high-percentage alcohol. Disposable drink of drinks containing more than 100 g of ethyl alcohol should also be alert – it corresponds to, for example, 1 liter of wine, or a quarter of a liter of vodka or 5 large beers. 

Warning symptoms include looking for opportunities to drink more frequently (eg drinking alcohol with meals), drinking alcohol to relieve the symptoms of hangover 

(wedging), starting the day with alcohol consumption, problems with remembering what happened on a given day after drinking alcohol, and driving a car after drinking alcohol with promils. 

The occurrence of at least two warning signals over a period of 6 months means a risk of alcoholism. The high frequency of occurrence of the above behaviors suggests the emergence of a problem with addiction. A particularly worrying symptom is the treatment of alcohol not as a drink, which you can occasionally drink according to your preferences, but as a way to calm down, forget and de-stress. 

Early symptoms of alcoholism 

The early symptoms of alcoholism include urging and encouraging more frequent drinking. queues during the event, change in alcohol behavior, consumption of alcohol in stressful situations, gradual increase in tolerance of the body to alcohol, as well as alcohol consumption up to the so-called breaking the film. People at an early stage of addiction are irritated when they have difficult access to alcohol, for example due to financial reasons or because of the behavior of close relatives who notice the problem of alcoholism. They are accompanied by a sense of shame, which is why they drink in loneliness, in hiding, so that nobody from the close surroundings will not notice it. 

Risk group 

The circle of people particularly at risk of alcoholism include those in close proximity to eating a lot of alcohol, consuming alcohol from youth (environmental factor), easily undergoing ambient pressure, mentally weak and falling into states of depression and sadness, for whom alcohol consumption has become a way of dealing with problems (psychological factor). 

Diagnosis of alcoholism 

Alcoholism is diagnosed by a psychiatrist, psychologist and specialist in the field of addiction. The main driver of addiction is the so-called alcohol craving, or strong thirst and compulsion to drink. Stopping alcohol consumption causes addicted discomfort. After significant reduction of alcohol consumption or after abrupt cessation of its consumption in an addict, symptoms of withdrawal syndrome occur. 

The abstinence syndrome is manifested by leaps in blood pressure, trembling hands and body, vomiting and nausea, heart rhythm disturbances, feelings of tension, excessive sweating, anxiety and hypersensitivity to sounds. In some cases, you may experience delirium, hallucinations, dehydration and fits. In advanced alcoholism, there may also be problems in avoiding starting and stopping alcohol consumption and limiting its amount. In addition, people suffering from alcoholism have an increased tolerance to alcohol. The addicted person focuses on alcohol consumption and its acquisition, which results in the remaining spheres of life (professional, family) and interests being neglected. A characteristic symptom of alcoholism is also persistent consumption of alcohol despite the awareness of its effects. An addicted person is aware of the social and health effects of the addiction, but this does not affect the behavior change. 

Psychological symptoms 

The symptoms of alcohol dependence include depression. Depression may or may not be the result of addiction. Regular consumption of alcohol may cause mood depression leading to suicide attempts. Alcoholics may suffer from Otello syndrome, or alcohol paranoia manifested by morbid jealousy, mood swings, willingness to control their partner and unjust accusation of treason. 

In the advanced stage of alcoholism, alcohol dementia may occur due to alcoholic atrophy of the brain, consisting in a strong impairment of intellectual abilities. People addicted to alcohol have poorer physical and mental abilities, impaired concentration and memory, and reduced criticism of their behavior. 

Symptoms of alcoholism related to appearance 

Alcoholic beverages lead to dehydration of the body, which is visible in the form of wrinkles and furrows on the skin, gray skin, enlarged capillaries and swelling of the face. Redness and bruises appear under the skin on the skin. In alcohol addicts, weight loss occurs because alcohol slows the body’s ability to synthesize the protein. 

How to counteract alcoholism? 

National and local activities are carried out by the government and local government units, respectively. However, how to behave when the close person has a problem and does not want to take advantage of state aid? First of all, you can not make yourself dependent. You should not hide alcohol or pour it in the eyes of an addict (this is one of the symptoms of co-addiction). This behavior leads to quarrels and the bottling of alcohol bottles, so the problem is getting worse. Do not get into a discussion with a person under the influence of alcohol until he gets sober. People in a state of intoxication can use violence and are unable to clearly assess the situation. It should not be directed towards the addict of threats that are not possible to perform, nor take responsibility for this person, justify it, help during hangover, etc. It is also forbidden to blur the traces of drinking alcohol and the consequences of behavior. 

The correct behavior is, however, a serious conversation with a close person about the problem, but in an atmosphere of peace. Threats, screaming and crying will not help. It is worth citing specific situations showing that a person has a problem with alcohol. It should be explicitly emphasized that alcohol consumption by this person injures her relatives. You should also provide an addict with your feelings and care, which will prevent the partner from adopting an overly defensive attitude. It is worth encouraging this person to consult with an addiction specialist. 

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You can read also: Alcohol and mass building or reduction – can you drink on a diet ?

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Healthcare

Alcohol – how to reduce the effects of overdose

Very often questions arise about how to minimize muscle loss after playing. 

Well, alcohol is a substance that provides the body with 7kcal per 1g, but as in almost every article on the subject of alcohol (I write here too) are empty calories, they provide only energy. Alcohol does not affect the type 2 fibers, so-called quick shrink fibers (FT – Fast twich). The bodybuilders are most afraid of it. It also causes a lot of damage in the body not only in muscle tissue, it also causes diseases of the digestive system, liver disease, kidney failure, heart disease, mental illness, brain diseases and many more.

Just a few minutes after ingestion, it melts all over your body. The body itself can synthesize it in the digestive system, because it helps in digestion, and thus accelerates metabolism. Therefore, it is worth drinking a glass of red wine a day after a meal. Yes, but when we supply it too much from the outside, the body stops its own production. Also, if we consume too much of this ingredient, the body will not have anything to do with it and put this energy in the adipose tissue, most often it is the tissue located in the abdominal region. 

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Alcohol blocks the absorption of carbohydrates to the greatest extent, which results in the hypoglycemia of the body, not feeding it. A reduced level of glucose in the blood is manifested by nausea, trembling hands, difficulty in maintaining balance. It is all because of this choice, on which the brain is most exposed, for him the most important fuel is glucose. If we have a deficiency, there are symptoms of opiates. 

Alcohol also has diuretic functions, it flushes out water from the body. A lot of people think that what they shed is the satanic drink they have consumed, well not – it is almost the same water, almost, because with it are excreted essential minerals, vitamins … 

So how to minimize the effects of drunkenness, consumption of not a lot of alcohol? 

The best way is to slow the absorption of alcohol, and provide the right amount of carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. 

Before you plan to play, eat a meal that will slow the absorption of alcohol, consume large amounts of fluids to avoid dehydration, and eat any fruit to supplement the sugars in the body minimizing the effect of over-drinking – a hangover. A good option is sipping the fruit juice before drinking a glass. Vitamins, minerals and sugars contained in juices will allow us to maintain the balance of homeostasis to a significant degree (the internal environment of the organism). During the game you should also eat large amounts of meals which will help us. 

And how is alcohol to sleep? It blocks the REM phase which most affects the body to be rested. But this is another fairy tale, yet sleep is the best way to restore the organism. 

When laying down to sleep, remember to lie down on your stomach or side, minimizing the chances of choking on your own vomiting. 

 

And what to eat when we wake up? 

On a morning meal should be lightly digested, so that it does not burden enough of the exhausted digestive system. Good will be scrambled eggs (sodium retains water in the body), chicken broth. You should eliminate the fat intake completely in this meal – let’s breathe our intestines. As for liquids, water / sodas during the event and the hangover should be discontinued. Isotonic beverages which will supplement minerals will be the best here. However, their taste, smell often rejects so you should drink them in small sips. The intake of some sweet fruit will also be helpful in supplementing liver glycogen. 

If you have a few hours to show up at work and despite the brushing of teeth you feel a pleasant smell, I recommend drinking grapefruit juice here, these fruits contain flavonoids that support the breakdown of alcohol by the liver. You can also try rinsing the mouth with salt and water. Not a pleasant smell is revealed not from the digestive system but from the respiratory system. Alcohol molecules that reach the lungs under the influence of temperature begin to evaporate (that’s why in breathers it blows). On the way to work, you should buy a chewing gum that stimulates the secretion of digestive juices, for people with a tendency to consume large amounts of food, I advise against this because it can make them feel “hungry”. 

Alcohol has a beneficial effect on the body, however, in small amounts. That is why it is the most overdose drug in the world. 

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You can read also: Alcohol and mass building or reduction – can you drink on a diet ?

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Healthcare

Alcohol is not so bad?

On 5 June 2018, a study by Jenni Ervasti et al. On four cohort studies was published. Before anyone starts using the above research as a justification and suggesting that alcohol brings benefits – let us think for a moment. 

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Here you can read also: Alcohol and mass building or reduction – can you drink on a diet ?

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It has been shown that people who do not drink and drink too much more often for various reasons (health) did not appear at work. Women who drink 1-11 units of alcohol a week and men who drink from 1 to 34 units a week were used as a reference point. 

 

1-11 European units = 1-17 British units = 140 g pure alcohol (for ladies), 

 

1-23 European units = 1-34 British units = 280 g pure alcohol (for men), 

 

Let’s refer to popular spirits 

 

500 ml beer, 4.5% – contains 22.5 ml of ethanol (~ 18 g) in 500 ml, or 126 kcal, 

 

Beer 500 ml, 6% – contains 30 ml of ethanol (23.7 g) in 500 ml, i.e. 142.2 kcal, 

 

Beer 500 ml, 10% – contains 50 ml of ethanol (39.5 g) in 500 ml, or 276.5 kcal, 

 

250 ml vodka (40% ethanol) – provides ethanol (78.9 g), or 552.3 kcal, 

 

So weekly, the maximum consumption was less than 6 beers a week (6% ethanol) or 442 ml of vodka. For men, the standards were respectively twice as large. In comparison with this group, men and women not drinking at all more often were absent from work due to mental disorders, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the digestive system (gastrointestinal disorders) or respiratory ailments. As the researchers themselves emphasize, this could have been caused by quite different reasons both in the physical and mental spheres. In turn, ladies and gentlemen who drink more than 140 g of pure alcohol per week (women) and 280 g of pure alcohol (men) were more often absent from work due to injuries or poisoning (44%). 

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You can read also: Sport and drinking alcohol

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Does it mean that alcohol protects against diseases? No, it is correlated with the occurrence of numerous types of cancer and has a devastating effect on the entire body. At present, it is considered relatively safe to dose 15 g ethanol per day for women and ~ 30 g for men. Although a small dose can have a negative effect on blood pressure (which is especially important for bodybuilders). In addition, it is difficult to consider a binding test, where in one category, people who consume 8-12 g of alcohol per week (1 unit in different systems) and up to 280 g ethanol per week are treated in one category. At the moment we know that alcohol carries some benefits for the circulatory system, but … in minute doses, and in Poland (and countries of the former Eastern bloc) no one drinks. 

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Healthcare

Beer contaminated with toxins – is it time to be afraid?

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites that pose a high risk to human health and even life. Mycotoxins are considered the second most important metabolites produced by fungi in order.

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Mycotoxins can affect living organisms in different ways, exhibiting, among others, embryotoxic, mutagenic, carcinogenic or teratogenic properties.

Recently, researchers have tested how many mycotoxins contain 64 brands of beer purchased in Spain. The study was published in June 2018. The results of 20.3% of the beer samples contained mycotoxins. None of the non-alcoholic beers contained mycotoxins. Zearalenone was most commonly detected, it is associated with hormonal disturbances in animals and humans, it is potentially carcinogenic.  Is it time for an alarm? Not necessarily, because modern technology (tandem mass spectrometer) has a cosmic sensitivity. Found from 8.24 to 62.96 μg zearalenone per liter of beer. Only 3 samples contained two (or more) types of mycotoxins. 

Conclusion athletes should consider the regular consumption of beer, because in addition to carcinogenic effects of ethanol, exposure to mycotoxins contained in beer is quite likely. 

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You can read also: Sport and drinking alcohol

 

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Healthcare

We know how alcohol accelerates muscle breakdown!

 

Muscle atrophy is observed in trauma patients, especially after immobilization of the limb in a cast, and in people who abuse alcohol the risk of injury increases and injuries are more serious.

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Check also: Alcohol and mass building or reduction – can you drink on a diet ?

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In this study, it was checked whether alcohol is associated with muscle atrophy or whether it in some way affects the growth of muscle proteins during regeneration after immobilization of the limb. 

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First, atrophy was induced in rats by immobilizing one limb and the other leg was used as a control. Rats were given ethyl alcohol or physiological saline (placebo). In the next trial, the proteasome inhibitor (Velcade) was administered. Finally, one limb was immobilized for 5 days, gypsum was removed and ethyl alcohol or physiological saline (placebo) was administered over 5 consecutive days. Muscle protein synthesis was measured e.g. 4E-BP1 phosphorylation, S6K1 kinase and muscle breakdown markers (eg, mRNA content of MuRF1 ubiquitin ligases and atrogin-1). 

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Healthcare

Is belly growing from beer?

From time immemorial, people believe in scientifically unconfirmed theories. Some still believe that there is local fat burning from the torso – that is why programs such as the aerobic type 6 of the weider are so popular. I have often seen ladies spending half of the training on torturing the abdominal muscles. 

 

Probably just as a large number of people believe that beer creates a beer belly. 

Scientists 1 checked if the theory of beer belly is real. As part of the EPIC study, from 7,876 men and 12,749 women, data was collected, among others habits. The relationship between beer drinking and the change in the waist circumference during the course of the year 8.5 was assessed (using multidimensional general linear models and logistic regression). 

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Results 

at the beginning (at the beginning of the study) there was a correlation between drinking beer and the waist circumference – but only in men, not women, 

men consuming 1000 ml of beer a day were exposed to 17% greater risk of increments centimeters in the waist, compared to people who drink a little golden drink, 

women who did not drink beer had a much lower chance of getting excess centimeters at the waist, compared to the ladies who drink, even little alcohol, 

the reduction in beer consumption was related to the loss of centimeters at the waist, but not statistically significant, 

 

Summary 

Drinking beer is associated with an increase in centimeters in the waist, but this is more due to the overall increase in weight throughout the body. The researchers did not find that beer caused the accumulation of extra pounds only in the torso. Finally, it is worth mentioning that the increase in body weight is influenced by a whole range of factors (including diet, lifestyle, physical activity, age, etc.), while the deposition of fat in the torso can be caused by inflammation, insulin resistance and metabolic disorders. 

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You can read also: Sport and drinking alcohol

 

Categories
Healthcare

Alcohol is not so bad?

On 5 June 2018, a study by Jenni Ervasti et al. On four cohort studies was published. 1 Before anyone starts using the above research as a justification and suggesting that alcohol brings benefits – let us think for a moment. 

It has been shown that people who do not drink and drink too much more often for various reasons (health) did not appear at work. Women who drink 1-11 units of alcohol a week and men who drink from 1 to 34 units a week were used as a reference point. 

__

You can read also: Alcohol and mass building or reduction – can you drink on a diet ?

__

 

1-11 European units = 1-17 British units = 140 g pure alcohol (for ladies), 

1-23 European units = 1-34 British units = 280 g pure alcohol (for men), 

Let’s refer to popular spirits 

500 ml beer, 4.5% – contains 22.5 ml of ethanol (~ 18 g) in 500 ml, or 126 kcal, 

Beer 500 ml, 6% – contains 30 ml of ethanol (23.7 g) in 500 ml, i.e. 142.2 kcal, 

Beer 500 ml, 10% – contains 50 ml of ethanol (39.5 g) in 500 ml, or 276.5 kcal, 

250 ml vodka (40% ethanol) – provides ethanol (78.9 g), or 552.3 kcal, 

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Check also: Sport and drinking alcohol

__

So weekly, the maximum consumption was less than 6 beers a week (6% ethanol) or 442 ml of vodka. For men, the standards were respectively twice as large. In comparison with this group, men and women not drinking at all more often were absent from work due to mental disorders, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the digestive system (gastrointestinal disorders) or respiratory ailments. As the researchers themselves emphasize, this could have been caused by quite different reasons both in the physical and mental spheres. In turn, ladies and gentlemen who drink more than 140 g of pure alcohol per week (women) and 280 g of pure alcohol (men) were more often absent from work due to injuries or poisoning (44%). 

Does it mean that alcohol protects against diseases? No, it is correlated with the occurrence of numerous types of cancer and has a devastating effect on the entire body. At present, it is considered relatively safe to dose 15 g ethanol per day for women and ~ 30 g for men. Although a small dose can have a negative effect on blood pressure (which is especially important for bodybuilders). In addition, it is difficult to consider a binding test, where in one category, people who consume 8-12 g of alcohol per week (1 unit in different systems) and up to 280 g ethanol per week are treated in one category. At the moment we know that alcohol carries some benefits for the circulatory system, but … in minute doses, and in Poland (and countries of the former Eastern bloc) no one drinks. 

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Healthcare

Calorie table alcohol. Check how many calories have a beer, a glass of wine or vodka

Calorie table – alcohol is a convenient source of information for those who would like to lose unnecessary kilograms, but are not convinced to give up alcoholic beverages.” Unfortunately, alcohol contains a lot of calories, in addition to the majority of “empty” ones, i.e. those that do not They do not carry any nutrients, do you know how many calories (kcal) a bottle of beer, a glass of sweet wine or 50 pure vodka are? Take a look at the table of calories in alcohol!

How many calories contains alcohol? The only thing that slimming people should enter it on the list of prohibited or at least not recommended.” The most calorific is vodka, less wine and beer – read the exact table of calories contained in alcohol!

 

How many calories (kcal) does beer have?

According to the data of The Brewers of Europe, an international organization gathering the largest brewing units of European countries, Poland was in 3rd place in the ranking of the largest European producers and beer consumers on the Old Continent in 2015. Undoubtedly, this percentage drink we like very much. , but is it right – how many calories does a beer have?

It turns out that when it comes to caloric content, beer, contrary to popular opinion, is not in the strict alcoholic circle.” What’s more, it contains fewer calories than some types of wine, but usually the caloric content is given in 120-milliliter a small bottle of light full beer (0.33 l) is 162 kcal, and full dark beer – 224 kcal. A large bottle (500 ml) of light beer is 245 kcal, and a glass of beer – for a larger 250 ml bottle. and dark beer – 340 kcal. For comparison, the most calorie white sweet wine in one glass (120 ml) contains 114 kcal.

The main responsible for the calorific value of beer is malt, which contains sugar in various forms.It is also worth remembering that in the golden drink you will also find B vitamins -thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin B12.

How many calories have wine? In a glass of dry red wine (120 ml) there are 82 kcal, a similar amount of calories has dry white wine (79 kcal / 120 ml), while in semi-dry white wine we find 97 kcal, and in the red semi-sweet – 105 kcal The most caloric are sweet wines – white contains 112 kcal / 120 ml, and red sweet – 128 kcal / 120 ml.

It is also worth remembering that wine, consumed in moderate amounts, thanks to the content of antioxidants, reduces cholesterol and helps fight infections, facilitates digestion and provides the body with minerals – calcium, potassium and magnesium.

 

How many calories (kcal) does vodka have?

How many calories does vodka have? A lot – in a glass (50 ml) of pure vodka there are 110 kcal.” What’s more, if in beer and wine, in addition to empty calories we find nutrients, vitamins, vodka in vain to look for them.

Very high quality vodkas from non-rectified distillates, i.e. rum – in 30 ml there are 69 kcal and whiskey – 87 kcal in 35 ml.

 

Calorie table (kcal) – alcohol

Type of alcohol Number of calories

a bottle of light beer of 0.33 l 162 kcal

a bottle of light beer of 0.5 l 245 kcal

a bottle of dark full beer 0,33 l 224 kcal

a bottle of dark beer, 0.5 l 340 kcal

cider 240 ml 112 kcal

ginger beer 240 ml 95 kcal

Redd’s Apple beer 500 ml 270 kcal

Somersby Apple Cider beer 500 ml 270 kcal

a glass of dry red wine 120 ml 82 kcal

a glass of red semi-sweet wine 120 ml 105 kcal

a glass of red sweet wine 120 ml 128 kcal

a glass of white dry wine 120 ml 79 kcal

a glass of white semi-dry wine 120 ml 97 kcal

a glass of white sweet wine 120 ml 114 kcal

a glass of dry vermouth 120 ml 114 kcal

a glass of sweet vermouth 120 ml 186 kcal

a glass of mulled wine 120 ml 80 kcal

Champagne 100 ml 76 kcal

a glass of pure vodka 50 ml 110 kcal

a glass of rum 30 ml 69 kcal

a glass of cognac 50 ml 140 kcal

a glass of whiskey 35 ml 87 kcal

a glass of gin 40 ml 105 kcal

Aniseaf 40 ml 136 kcal

mojito drink 70 ml 190 kcal

cosmopolitan drink 100 ml 89 kcal

drink piña colada 150 ml 220 kcal

 

Worth knowing

If you do not want to give up alcohol while on a diet, stay with small amounts of beer or wine, but definitely give up drinks.The combination of high-calorie vodka and full-sugar fizzy drinks creates a real caloric bomb.

It is worth adding, however, that the Institute of Food and Nutrition strongly advises against consuming alcohol.Although beer and wine contain vitamins or nutrients, it is worth looking for them in other products.Alcohol can contribute to many dangerous diseases of acute and chronic pancreatitis, liver cirrhosis and cancer, among othersesophageal cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer.In the case of breast cancer, even a small amount of alcohol increases the risk of its occurrence.