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Pitaya (dragon fruit) – properties and nutritional values. How to peel and eat pitaya?

Pitaya (dragon fruit) and its health properties were already known to ancient tribes inhabiting South America.
Now, scientists have looked at them who have found that pitaya – apart from numerous vitamins and minerals – also contains substances that give it antioxidant effects. obesity and diseases associated with it. Check what properties pitaya has, and how to peel and eat dragon fruit.

Pitaja (pitahaya), a dragon fruit or strawberry pear, is an exotic fruit of some cactus species, whose health was first known to the people of South America, where it comes from. Currently, this fruit is grown mainly in Asian countries. Pitaya has an oval shape, it is reddish or a yellowish skin, ending with long, pointed leaves – hence the name of a dragon fruit, his family is a pitaya from Costa Rica – a fruit with a red skin and the same flesh – and a yellow pitaya whose skin is yellow and the flesh white.

Pitaya (dragon fruit) – an antioxidant that protects the circulatory system

Pitaya is a fruit rich in betalayas – natural dyes that include red-violet betacins and yellow-orange betaxanthin.
Pitaya is the fruit of a cactus that has drooping, fleshy arms, completed during flowering with large, white flowers that bloom only one night, but several times a year. A month after flowering, pitai fruits are harvested.
Betaalain compounds are not widely distributed in plant foods, they are found only in pitai, red beets, chard, opuntia, ulluko and amaranth. Previous studies show that beta-betains are characterized by strong antioxidant properties.
Betaalain has also been shown to inhibit lipid oxidation, protect against red blood cells and counteract cardiotoxicity during cancer chemotherapy in mice. Cardiotoxicity is a change in the cardiovascular system, e.g. due to the duration of chemotherapy or radiotherapy or immediately after its completion .

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Pitaya (dragon fruit) – reduces insulin resistance

According to the research of scientists from Zhejiang University in Hangzhou (China), dragon fruit can protect against obesity and related diseases such as insulin resistance or fatty liver. In one study involved mice on a high fat diet . They were given an extract After the experiment, it turned out that mice lost weight and decreased their risk of fatty liver, insulin resistance and inflammation. According to Chinese researchers, substances that are responsible for such properties of dragon fruit are already mentioned betalains.

Pitaya (dragon fruit) can cause allergies

There is a known case of allergic reaction after ingestion of dragon fruit,  confirmed by allergy tests, but it should be emphasized that the person who had allergy to this fruit had a history of atopic dermatitis and eczema and symptoms of allergy to birch pollen. That pitaya increases the risk of food allergies in people who are already allergic.

Pitaya (dragon fruit) – How to peel and eat? How does it taste?

I should cut the meat in half, like kiwi. Then a white flesh will appear, densely strewn with tiny black stones that can be extracted using a teaspoon. It has a taste reminiscent of a mix of kiwi and melon – it is sweet, but for some too bland. Pips are edible, so you do not need to get rid of them.

Pitaya (dragon fruit) – use in the kitchen

Pitaya is a refreshing fruit that will work as a component of ice cream, cakes, creams, cocktails and mousses. The cooling of the fruit strengthens its exotic taste. The dragon fruit can also be added to salads. This also tastes well pitai juice. The flowers of this plant are also edible – fresh are used as additives to dishes or desserts, while dried ones are made into a brew.
In turn, powdered drink can be added to smoothies, smoothies, shakes and yoghurts, and can also be an addition to cakes and desserts.
Recipe for dragon fruit carpaccio

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