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Are you obese? How do they treat you in health care?

As doctors, nurses and other health professionals refer to people with obesity will check the OD-WAGA Obesity People’s Foundation.  Analysis of the experiences of patients with obesity in dealing with medical staff is the first such social study in Poland. You are over 18 years old and BMI (body mass index) above 30 – we invite you to fill out the questionnaire. 

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In 2014, the OD-WAGA Obesity People’s Foundation became the first in Poland to gather relationships of obese patients about forms of discrimination and stigmatization, which they experience on a daily basis in various areas of social life. One of these areas is access to health care and medical services. 

Our database, however, includes only a small group of obese patients and those who shared their negative experiences with their contacts with doctors, nurses, midwives and other health care workers. It does not include positive opinions. Therefore, we want to investigate more closely the relationship between patients with obesity and employees of medical facilities across the country – explains  President of the OD-WAGA Foundation. 

Analysis of the experience of patients with obesity in dealing with medical staff is the first of a series of anti-discrimination studies planned by the OD-WAGA Foundation. The study was prepared and conducted by the Department of Sociology of Medicine and Pathology of the Social Chair of Social Medicine at the Medical University of Gdansk. 

It is only natural that we start our research cycle from medical facilities. These are the places we get to in the first place when we are cured of obesity or other diseases. The attitude of the staff determines whether we will be honestly treated and treated with respect as other patients. 

The OD-WAGA Foundation also receives the voices of healthcare professionals. They say straightforwardly that they do not feel well prepared to treat obese people, and to adequately support this group of patients in therapy and to care for them. 

The aim of our study is therefore to diagnose these areas of relations between obese patients and health care workers, which require change and education – says research director. 

Research The analysis of the experience of patients with obesity in dealing with medical staff is completely anonymous. It is implemented through a special questionnaire consisting of closed and open questions. We invite women and men with obesity over the age of 18 and with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and more to participate in the study. To collect reliable research material, about 600 people are needed. 

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Healthcare

European Day of Obesity

It is not that someone will come to the hospital, he will work and go. The spot is part of an educational campaign entitled OBESITY under Skalpels on the topic of surgical treatment of obesity, carried out in Poland on the occasion of the European Day of Obesity, which this year falls on 19 May. 

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According to the HTA (Health Technology Assessment) and world research reports, bariatric operations are the most effective method of treatment of advanced obesity. Patients with second-degree obesity (BMI 35+ body mass index) and complications of the disease (eg type 2 diabetes, hypertension, arthrosis) and with 3rd degree obesity (BMI 40+) are referred for surgery. 

Four types of bariatric operations are performed in Poland. The most commonly used is sleeve (cuffed) gastrectomy (so-called sleeve), followed by gastric by-pass (so-called gastric by-pass). Bariatric surgeons also use a method that originates from Asia – so-called mini gastric by-pass. The most commonly used is the adjustable stomach band. 

About 2-3 thousand bariatric operations are carried out annually in Poland. The hospitals that run them estimate that surgical treatment already requires about 1 million 200 thousand Poles suffering from second degree obesity and about 700 thousand. patients with 3rd degree obesity. 

From January 1, 2017, among others, thanks to the activities of the Obesity People’s Foundation OD-WAGA, bariatric operations in Poland are refunded by the NFZ. The operations for which the Fund pays are carried out by around 30 hospitals. And each of them has its own diagnostic procedure before and monitoring the patient after the procedure. Not every center has a team of supporting dietitians, physiotherapists and psychologists. 

We are now trying to create a nationwide, uniform system of patient care before and after bariatric operations. We want people who have decided to be treated to be sure that they will receive the same help regardless of the city in which they will be bariatric – says President of OD-WAGA Foundation, Social Ombudsman for Obesity.

Bariatric surgeons and their teams support the ChLO Bariatric Patients Association by creating Patient Support Groups at hospitals with bariatric departments. Such Groups already operate in Krakow, Warsaw, Białystok, Olsztyn and Rzeszow. Thanks to them, patients can regularly consult specialists and exchange their own experiences. 

Bariatric surgery is a serious surgical intervention. You need to be well prepared for it dietitically, physically and emotionally. When deciding on such a procedure, the patient must be aware that this is the beginning of the treatment of obesity. The surgery helps reduce body weight. After that, you have to learn to control obesity, just like any chronic illness – says woman, who 8 years ago underwent gastric by-pass treatment and its weight has remained so far at 75 kg. Before surgery, she weighed 136 kg.

From a huge, nearly 2 million group of obese patients who require surgical treatment of obesity, many still seek information on bariatric operations. A special educational campaign was created for them. OBESITY under Skalpels, which is part of the Polish celebrations on May 19 – the European Day of Obesity. 

The Obesity campaign under the scalpel is carried out under the Patronage of the Society of Polish Surgeons – Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Section and the Polish Society for Obesity Research with the support of Medtronic Polska and the OD-Waga Foundation for Obesity People. 

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Healthcare

Postprandial band dumping syndrome

Postprandial syndrome (dumping syndrome, post-resection syndrome) is a set of symptoms and ailments that are the result of removal of the entire stomach or its parts, eg after bariatric surgery in people with obesity.

The postprandial syndrome usually appears after eating too many sweet, fatty or fried foods. What are the symptoms of post-prandial syndrome and what to eat to prevent it? 

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Post-prandial syndrome appears in the majority of patients after resection (removal) of the total or partial stomach and lasts for several months after the procedure. A premise for resection may be, among others gastric cancer or surgical treatment of obesity (e.g., gastric bypass surgery). Dumping syndrome is a set of reactions caused by the rapid absorption of glucose (sugar) from the intestines after sudden passage of the stomach contents.

How does this happen? 

Removal of the whole stomach or its parts causes disruptions in the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and digestive disorders and absorption of nutrients. As a result of impaired vagus nerve function, the food content passes more quickly to further parts of the digestive system, especially to the small intestine, overloads the intestine and causes a strong discharge of gut hormones into the blood. With time, the digestive system gets used to working in new conditions, and post-prandial discomfort symptoms last for more than 10%. patients after stomach surgery. 

Postprandial syndrome occurs in two early forms, which may occur between 15 and 60 minutes after a meal and late – between 1 and 3 hours after a meal.

Symptoms of the early post-prandial syndrome

Late postprandial syndrome is manifested by hypoglycaemic symptoms (hypoglycaemia – too low blood sugar), i.e. 

Symptoms of postprandial syndrome are so characteristic that they do not require additional diagnostics, but it is definitely worth consulting with a doctor if they persist for a long time. 

The postprandial syndrome usually appears after eating sweet or fatty foods, or fried foods. To prevent ailments, dumping syndrome is used to limit the intake of products that aggravate syndrome symptoms.

People with dumping syndrome should consume 5-6 meals of small size, not too hot and not too cold, every few hours, slowly chewing each bite. Recommended culinary techniques for preparing dishes are cooking in water or steaming and baking in foil. If possible, after eating, the patient should lie down for several minutes. Important in preventing post-prandial syndrome is also drinking fluids – before eating, at least 30 minutes after a meal, between meals, but never while eating. 

Dumping syndrome does not lead to serious diseases, but it can cause a loss of body mass caused by disturbances of absorption of nutrients from food and aversion to food. The goal of post-prandial syndrome treatment is to alleviate ailments in the transient adaptation of the gastrointestinal tract to function in new conditions. The basis of treatment is compliance with dietary recommendations. Sometimes, anticholinergics, inhibiting motor (motor) activity of the digestive tract and supplementation with vitamins and minerals are included in the therapy. 

In the treatment of the post-surgical syndrome, surgical procedures are extremely rare. Correction consists of prolonging the path of food from the stump of the stomach to the duodenum by inserting a small insert made of the small intestine. 

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Healthcare

Sarkopenic obesity

Sarkopenic obesity is a type of obesity that occurs in older people.

It is characterized by increasing the amount of body fat while losing muscle mass. What are the causes of sarcopene obesity and how is it treated? 

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Sarkopenic obesity is most often associated with changes in the composition of the body depending on age. As the body ages, muscle mass gradually decreases in it. Such a reaction occurs even in very physically active people. But at some seniors, fat gain may also occur at the same time. The close relationship between older age, obesity and loss of muscle mass is confirmed by research. The development of one of these factors leads to the appearance or intensification of the other, causing the phenomenon of a closed circle. 

Saratopenic obesity is diagnosed in those with concurrent occurrence 

1. Changes in the composition of the body associated with aging 

With age, the body changes in the proportions of muscle and fat tissue. From about 40 years of age, the process of loss of muscle mass and strength begins to progress, and around 60-75 years the amount of fat begins to increase. In the elderly, adipose tissue usually accumulates around the internal organs and penetrates the muscles. Changes in body composition may, however, remain unnoticed for a long time in people who maintain a relatively constant body weight. 

2. Low physical activity or lack of physical activity.

Under the term low physical activity are hidden activities that do not increase the energy expenditure of the body, i.e. sleeping, sitting, lying. With little or no activity, muscle mass decreases and the risk of storing unused energy in the form of adipose tissue increases. Another vicious circle appears. People with obesity are less active in everyday life due to significant overweight and it is more difficult for them to do physical exercises, which contributes to the reduction of strength and to atrophy, i.e. muscle atrophy. On the other hand, when they lose strength they start to avoid effort, which in turn favors the development of obesity. 

3. Too much body fat. The more fat (especially visceral fat, internal fat) accumulates in the body, the more it secrete so-called. cytokines – substances that trigger inflammatory reactions.

They have a direct impact on the operation of many systems, including they accelerate changes in the body composition typical of the aging process and cause chronic inflammation. Some of them (eg interleukin-6 – IL-6) accelerate the rate of muscle breakdown thus leading to a reduction in their strength and to the development of sarcopenia.

4. Insulin resistance.

The secondary effect of insulin resistance is the increased insulin concentration, which accelerates the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissues. In turn skeletal muscle atrophy leads to an increase in insulin resistance, which in turn favors the development of obesity. 

5. Hormonal changes.

The more adipose tissue, the more there is in the bloodstream of free fatty acids, which inhibit the production of growth hormone (GH) and testosterone. And the fewer these hormones, the lower is the strength of muscles and the muscles of people with obesity are less active. 

6. Incorrect nutrition.

Older people do not know or forget that as their age decreases their body’s need for calories. Usable for many years for specific products, size and quantity of meals, they have difficulty introducing nutritional restrictions. The caloric value of products that they consume every day exceeds the needs of their body, which leads to the development of overweight and obesity. It often happens that older people, especially women, limit the amount of protein consumed. And when the protein in the diet is not enough, the loss of muscle mass progresses faster. 

How do weak muscles and excess fat affect the health and life of an elderly person? 

The main goal of treatment of sarcopene obesity is weight loss and increase of muscle strength, and as a result improve the patient’s daily function and receive his body in good condition for the longest possible time. Sarkopenic obesity therapy focuses on the so-called conservative treatment, that is changing the principles of nutrition and improving physical activity. In some patients with sarcopene obesity, pharmacotherapy is also introduced. 

Weight reduction in the elderly should not be sought at any price. The first necessary step to modify the diet is to assess the patient’s nutritional status. It can be done with the help of the practical, generally available Mini Nutritional Assessment Test – MNA. If an older person has malnutrition or a risk of malnutrition, the main goal of the new diet is to improve the nutritional status of the body and not to lose weight. 

In elderly people with sarcopene obesity, slimming therapy is used to minimize the loss of muscle mass. Because older people often suffer from many other diseases and take many medications, the introduction of a new diet must be monitored by a doctor and dietitian. 

The diet in sarcopene obesity is determined individually for each patient, and its planning takes into account such parameters as providing adequate for the age and condition of the patient the amount of vitamins and minerals, caloric demand, preferences and eating habits, the degree of mobility of the patient and forms of physical activity that he undertakes, as well as medical conditions and accompanying pharmacotherapies. The goal of the diet is the loss within 6 months from 5% -10% of the patient’s initial body weight, but above all in the area of ​​adipose tissue, with the maximum preservation of muscle tissue. This effect can be obtained by reducing the daily caloric intake of the patient by 500-700 kcal. 

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Obesity and overweight

Overweight, or increased body mass in relation to the accepted norms, can lead to obesity. And overweight, or so-called pre-obliterative state and obesity are not an aesthetic problem, but a complex chronic disease. We explain what factors cause overweight and obesity. 

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Overweight, obesity (obesity – obesity, medical specialization dealing with the treatment of obesity) referred to as the transvaal state is the first stage of obesity disease.

In the overweight phase, the body begins to store in the form of adipose tissue the excess energy we supply it with food.

If this process is not stopped, the adipose tissue will grow in different parts of the body – usually on the stomach (so-called abdominal obesity, an apple type) or in the lower parts of the abdomen, thighs and buttocks (so-called buttock-thigh obesity, pear type). In this way, overweight will develop into an obesity I, II or III degree. To check if your weight is correct, whether you are overweight or already have obesity, use the BMI (Body Mass Index) calculator. 

Excess body fat is, however, only a symptom, not a reason for overweight and obesity.

Talk about a person who is overweight or obese, that he is fat, because he eats a lot and is not moving much is an unfair stereotype. Researchers have already distinguished about 50 reasons why the body begins to accumulate adipose tissue. 

1. environmental

2. psychological 

3. hormonal – overweight and obesity arise due to deficiencies, excess or malfunction of hormones, 

4. genetic. 

Identifying the factor or factors that cause overweight and obesity is a long process. It requires tedious and individual diagnosis. And scientific research still reveals new causes that can lead to this disease. 

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Less active parents fatter children

The weight and physical activity of the mother have a much greater impact on the child than on the weight and lifestyle of the father. This is the result of research carried out by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim. 

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Overweight and obesity may be genetically

Overweight and obesity may be genetically determined in many families, but the researchers point out that in the case of this disease is more often the inheritance of nutrition traditions and leisure activities, than genes favoring the development of obesity. What’s more, it turns out that mothers have a greater influence on behavior conducive to the creation of overweight and obesity in children than fathers. 

Norwegian researchers have been tracking changes in weight and physical activity levels for 11 years in 4424 children and their parents.

Their observation shows that when a mother loses a few kilograms, it also translates into a child’s weight loss. What’s more, the children of those mothers who are not too active have a higher body mass than the children of active mothers. However, neither the weight nor the physical activity of fathers have any effect on their children. 

In the research commentary, its authors indicate the reason for such results.

It is mothers, not fathers who are more likely to make food choices for the family and plan home activities, which is why their lifestyle may have a greater impact on their offspring. And if a woman makes changes in diet and motor habits, it can also affect the weight of the children. 

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  Obesity causes cancer!

Obesity is a factor affecting many health aspects, including issues related to some types of cancer (eg colon, pancreas and breast). Studies have shown that it interferes with defense mechanisms against cancer and promotes the growth and spread of the tumor. 

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Obesity is usually associated with cardiological diseases and type II diabetes, and in the meantime is the second factor that increases the risk of disease immediately after tobacco. The research shows that people with normal body mass are much less exposed to cancer, than people with BMI suggesting high overweight or obesity. 

The way in which excess fat affects the development of cancer has been the subject of research for many years. These are very complex mechanisms and really different for each organ. Fat tissue produces various substances, including estrogen, and its high level increases the risk of breast cancer, uterus and several other cancers. So if we have too much body fat, we also expose ourselves to high levels of other substances, which has consequences. In obese people, insulin levels and IGF growth factor also increase. They also favor the development of tumors. In addition, fat cells produce adipokines – these are the hormones responsible for regulating, among others, inflammatory processes, which in turn increase the risk of developing tumors. 

Our organs are lined with epithelial cells that have a protective function. They also have the ability to remove potentially malicious cells from inside them. Speaking in a simplified language – healthy cells detect those harmful and try to remove them. 

In order to investigate how obesity influences the disappearance of the defense mechanism, researchers from the University of Hokkaido for this purpose have mice with cells predisposed to produce a RAS marker, appearing at the colon cancer. Epithelial cells are usually able to remove cells changed by RAS. 

Mice were on a high-fat diet that led them to acute obesity and it was then examined that their defense mechanisms were heavily suppressed, and the cells changed by RAS increased their numbers. This process was observed in the pancreas and intestine and also a tumor appeared in these areas after a month . This result confirmed that obesity affects the increasing risk of cancer. 

The defense mechanisms of our body are suppressed not only because of the presence of fat cells, but also by inflammation. 

When mice fed a high-fat diet were treated with aspirin, the defense mechanisms improved significantly. What does it mean? And that the defense mechanisms of epithelial cells can be strengthened with drugs and used to counteract the formation of cancer cells. 

Yasuyuki Fujita from the University of Hokkaido, who led the entire study, said that obesity and chronic inflammation can affect the correlation between healthy and transformed cells. It also means that factors such as infections, smoking, inadequate hygiene of life, aging processes can also affect this state of affairs and it is worth looking into these mechanisms. 

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Types of obesity

Obesity is always a health risk and should be properly treated.It is worth knowing, however, that there are various types of obesity.Consuming excessive amounts of food is the most important but not the only reason for gaining weight.What’s more, not every human is in the same way.Awareness of the causes of obesity and knowledge about its types facilitates the fight against excessive kilograms, so you should not underestimate this topic.

Primary and secondary obesity

Obesity can be divided into, among others, primary and secondary.Overeating leads to primary obesity, while secondary obesity is a symptom of some diseases.Of course, in the case of primary obesity, genetic determinants are also of some importance.Some do not have genes responsible for normal metabolism, so they gain more weight than people who did not have such a gene mutation.Environmental factors are also important, ie the lack of a habit of healthy eating, the habit of greasy and sweet dishes, and at the same time low activity.Obesity is also promoted by reduced mental resistance because stress is a frequent cause of snacking and stimulates the production of cortisol, which is not an ally of a slim figure.

Secondary obesity may be caused by diseases such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, Turner syndrome, hypopituitarism of the pituitary gland, damage to the hypothalamus, and in the case of womenalso polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).For those suffering from such diseases, good information is that by combining the right treatment with a healthy lifestyle, you can usually avoid excessive weight gain.Weight gain can also be caused by the intake of certain medications, such as steroids, which are used to treat asthma and thyroid diseases, among others.Side effects of this type of drugs make many people look for alternative therapies.If it is not possible to treat the disease in a different way, then it is very important to plan the right diet and regular sports.

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Gynoid obsession, androidine and generalized

Obesity can also be divided into gynoidal, androidic and generalized.The difference is in which parts of the body the fatty tissue accumulates the most.The determination of the type of obesity therefore requires a comparison of body weight with the waist and hips.The so-called WHR (Waist to Hip Ratio) is used here.The waist circumference is measured by the hip circumference.The even distribution of adipose tissue is indicative of generalized obesity.If WHR is at least 0.8 in a woman or 1.0 in a man, it is gynoid obesity.If the result is smaller, then we can talk about android obesity.

Gynoid obesity is especially common among women.Such a figure is called pear, because fat tissue is deposited mainly on the hips and buttocks.At the same time, getting rid of fat from these parts of the body is very difficult.The accumulation of adipose tissue around the hips and buttocks may have genetic or hormonal background.

Obesity android is otherwise abdominal obesity.One can then speak of an apple-like figure.This type of obesity concerns mainly men as well as menopausal women.Abdominal obesity is considered more dangerous because fat accumulates the body’s internal organs, such as the heart, lungs or liver, which makes their work much more difficult.Android obesity is often accompanied by diabetes and hypertension.In the case of men, abdominal obesity can lead to breast enlargement.

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Generalized obesity is associated with even distribution of fat, but it does not mean that it does not pose a health risk.Excess body fat burden the entire body, including the osteoarticular system, including the backbone, forced to bear too much weight.Generalized obesity makes it difficult to move and increases the risk of many diseases, while untreated can even lead to disability.

Obesity can also be divided into grades.In this case, the determinant is BMI (Body Mass Index).If the BMI ranges from 25 to 29.99, then we can talk not about obesity, but about overweight.Obesity of the first degree occurs when the BMI is equal to or greater than 30 but does not exceed 34.99.BMI between 35 and 39.99 is second degree obesity.In the case of BMI equal or greater than 40, we deal with third degree obesity, also called extreme obesity.Of course, even the overweight is a threat, so you must change your eating habits and lifestyle as soon as your BMI is 25. Remember that the more excessive kilos, the harder it is to return to the correct weight.Overweight and obesity reduce efficiency, so you may have problems with sports and even moving.It is also difficult to get used to excessive eating and eating heavy foods and diseases that are the result of obesity.It is important, therefore, that during weight loss obese people do not lack the help of specialists, namely doctors, dieticians and trainers.

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Check: BMI – should we really care?

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Fat but fit a heart disease

Recent scientific reports show that overweight or obesity increases the risk of coronary heart disease by 28% compared to people with normal body weight, even if people with excess kilograms have normal blood pressure, blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels. As it turns out, being fat is not a good way of life. Despite good research results, athletic but still overweight people are at risk of heart disease, with a 4-fold greater risk of heart attack. Keeping your weight in check should be a priority, I have a bit too much weight but I do not train, unfortunately it will not save us from serious health consequences.

It is well known that storing too much fat in the body is associated with a number of metabolic changes, including increased blood pressure, high blood sugar and elevated cholesterol levels, which can lead to diseases and generally poor health. However, in practice there are many overweight people who seem to be free from the adverse health effects of their overweight, they are called in the medical literature \ metabolically healthy obese and in foreign media \ fat but fit \. Each of us after a moment of reflection will find among your friends or family someone who, despite his round shapes, enjoys health, is physically active. Such people defend themselves against slimming as much as they can, saying that they feel good, have good research results and better condition than many skinny ones.Their health-consciousness, however, does not protect them from the serious health consequences of being overweight or obese.

The largest study, covering results from more than 500,000 people from 10 European countries taken from EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition), confirmed that in overweight or obesity, the risk of heart disease is increased despite the normal metabolic profile.

 

Our findings suggest that if the patient is overweight or obese, every effort should be made to help him return to the correct weight, regardless of other factors. Even if your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels are normal, excessive body weight remains a risk factor, “said Dr. Camille Lassale, from the Imperial School of Public Health and currently from University College London.

In a study published in the European Heart Journal, researchers examined the relationship between overweight and coronary heart disease (CHD), a condition in which little blood gets to the heart due to clogged arteries, leading to a heart attack. After more than 12 years of follow-up, it turned out that a total of 7,637 people in the EPIC group died of a heart attack as a result of CHD.

Researchers thoroughly analyzed a representative control group – over 10,000 people. They classified their body weight according to the definitions of the World Health Organization. People with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 were classified as obese, while people with a BMI between 25-30 were defined as overweight and those between 18.5-25 with normal body weight. More than half of the control group (63%) was female, with an average of 53.6 and an average body mass index (BMI) of 26.1.

Participants of the study were classified as Healers if they had at least three metabolic parameters out of the standard (high blood pressure, blood glucose or triglyceride concentration, low HDL cholesterol or waist size over 94 cm in men and 80 cm in women). After configuring these parameters with lifestyle-related factors such as smoking, diet, exercise and socioeconomic status, the researchers found that compared to a group with healthy body weight, people considered

Unhealthy \ have shown more than double the risk of CHD, regardless of whether they had normal body weight, overweight or obesity.

However, the analysis also showed that in a seemingly healthy group, depending on the weight, there was a significant difference in results. Studies have shown that compared to people with normal body weight, people classified as healthy but overweight had an increased risk of CHD by 26 percent, while healthy but obese people had an increased risk of up to 28%.

 

The test evidently annihilates the term \ metabolically healthy obese \. According to Dr. Ioanna Tzoulaki, from the Imperial’s School of Public Health, overweight people who might be considered as \ healthy \ do not just have an unhealthy metabolic profile, or disease symptoms that will surely appear later, causing e.g. the heart muscle when it may be too late to intervene.

According to scientists, it is necessary to popularize the prevention and treatment of obesity in order to ensure public health. And I will add from myself that everyone should care for the proper weight of the body because without it, he is exposed to diseases that not only can effectively make life difficult, but also lead to death. Therefore, do not be afraid to ask the specialists – dietitians or doctors for help. Let’s take care of the condition, doing sports. Do not overeat, let’s eat as much as our body needs, remembering that low-processed, fresh, seasonal food is what our body wants.

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The influence of adipose tissue on the development of tumors

I suspect that everyone once wondered about the consequences of having extra kilos. Visual aspects come to mind at first. We all know that we want to look and feel good in our own body, and excess fat is not associated with something attractive. However, not what you see from the outside, and the interior of our body should worry us. Scientific research shows that the health consequences caused by excessive amount of this unwanted tissue are many.

A study published in the Cancer Prevention Research, a scientific journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, showed that adipose tissue can affect the development of cancer in many ways. Depending on the type of fat and its location in the body. The main author of the study Dr. Cornelia M. Ulrich, director of population sciences at the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, according to the doctor

Obesity is increasing dramatically all over the world and is currently considered one of the main risk factors for obesity-related cancers that currently distinguish as many as 16 types. Urgently, we need to identify specific mechanisms that connect obesity with cancer.

Other studies also confirm the thesis of the latest discovery. As it turns out, there are many mechanisms and ways that lead from fat to cancer. One of them is the inflammatory organism that has long been associated with cancer and in the first place with obesity. In addition, obesity adversely affects the metabolism of cancer cells and immunity, which can lead to the growth and spread of cancer cells. Several studies have shown that some fat cells contribute to the growth of tumors. These cells were more common in obese people suffering from prostate cancer and breast cancer.

A review study by Dr. Ulrich showed that some types of adipose tissue are more \ metabolically active \ and therefore they secrete more substances that affect the development of cancer. In the human body we can distinguish three types of adipose tissue: white, brown and beige. Each of them has a different role and occurs in a different amount depending on the area of ​​the body. The review found that white adipose tissue was associated with increased inflammation, while in patients with breast cancer correlated dadatnio with worse prognosis.

Dr. Ulrich analyzed the effect of fat cells on breast, colon, esophagus, cervical cancer and prostate cancer, considering the proximity of adipose tissue to organs. For example, in the case of colorectal cancer, adipose tissue is located adjacent to tumors, while in breast cancer, adipose tissue forms part of the direct microenvironment of the cancer.

Of course, research in this direction will continue. However, it can already be concluded that excess fat increases the risk of cancer. Regardless of whether it is an excess of subcutaneous or intraperitoneal fat, the risk of developing cancer increases. The organ-to-body fat is so much more dangerous that it is not visible to the naked eye, so that people who have it can be completely unaware. That is why it is so important to watch a healthy menu and regular physical activity. It is not enough to be slim (skinnyfat is a type of bad health) should be taken into consideration skeletal muscle strengthening while caring for a sufficiently low level of body fat.