Apple cider vinegar is used, among othersas a remedy for indigestion, constipation, a natural hair cosmetic or … deodorant and facial lotion.
Apple cider vinegar was already known in antiquity.” Traditionally, it is used for many ailments, but only some of the properties attributed to it have been confirmed in scientific studies. Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial effect, lowers blood glucose, has a positive effect on the circulatory system and can help in weight loss.
Apple cider vinegar has a yellow-brown color and is slightly turbid, distinguished by the characteristic acidic acetic taste and aroma of apples, as the name suggests, it is made of apples – yeast is added to the crushed fruit, which converts the sugar contained in apples into alcohol. acetic fermentation bacteria ferment the alcohol to form acetic acid – the main ingredient of apple cider vinegar, along with small amounts of lactic acid and citric acid.
Vinegar has already been fermented for 5,000 years. Its qualities have been appreciated in many ancient cultures – Egyptian, Babylonian, Chinese, Greek and Roman.
Apple cider vinegar was used in ancient times to stimulate circulation, cleanse the liver, blood and lymph nodes, support resistance to infection and improve vitality.” Hippocrates, father of medicine, often recommended apple cider vinegar combined with honey for cough and cold.
What does apple vinegar consist of?
In apple juice, enzymes, amino acids, pectins, polyphenolic compounds (gallic acid, catechins, epicatechins, chlorogenic acids, coffee and coumarin acids in the total amount of 400 – 1000 mg / l) and small amounts of vitamins and minerals, vitamin B1, vitamin B2 , vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, biotin, folic acid and vitamin C, as well as sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron and magnesium. A table spoon of vinegar provides about 3 kcal. A good apple cider vinegar should contain so-called. vinegar mother , means a substance composed of cellulose and acetic acid bacteria, which is responsible for its turbidity. You can get the opinion that only vinegar with ” mother “has health-promoting effects, but this is not a confirmed theory.
Today, apple juices are credited with dozens of health properties, many of which have not yet been confirmed in science, but it is known for certain that the use of vinegar can be helpful in some respects.
Apple vinegar has antibacterial effect
The main ingredient of apple cider vinegar – acetic acid – has a proven antibacterial and antiseptic effect.” Apple cider vinegar has traditionally been used to clean and disinfect the surface, to treat onychomycosis, lice, warts and ear infections. Many of these applications have not been confirmed in scientific research. However, apple vinegar has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria, but only at concentrations that can damage the dermis cells.
It is better not to use it directly on the skin in higher concentrations, only to disinfect tools and surfaces. A 2% acetic acid solution with pH = 2 is effective in the treatment of otitis media, but it can irritate the skin. The antimicrobial properties of apple cider vinegar are used as a natural food preservative to protect food against deterioration Rinsing and washing vegetables and fruits in a 4% acetic acid solution is a good method of protection against infections with pathogenic microorganisms that can live on fresh food products.
Apple cider vinegar positively affects the cardiovascular system
In the rat study, apple vinegar has been shown to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and chlorogenic acid in vinegar also suppresses the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, and enhancing animal diet with acetic acid results in a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (about 20 mm Hg) compared with rats where deionized water was used instead of vinegar, and there are no studies that would confirm the hypotensive effect of apple vinegar in humans, and its regular use may reduce the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. with vinegar a minimum of 5-6 times a week were characterized by a significantly lower risk of ischemic heart disease in comparison with people who ate it rarely.
Apple cider vinegar regulates the level of glucose in the blood
Apple cider vinegar reduces blood glucose levels and increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin.It is recommended in the diet of people with pre-diabetes, diabetes, insulin resistance and any disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism.Hypoglycemic action of vinegar belongs to its best-documented properties, and acetic acid is responsible for them. Therefore, not only apple cider vinegar, but any type of vinegar and preserved foods have a positive effect on the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism, which has been confirmed in many studies.
Acetic acid is multidirectional and corresponds to the activity of up to three types of drugs used in diabetic problems – slows the absorption of sugar from food into the blood and decomposition of starch to simple sugars (analogous to acarbose), reduces postprandial glycemia and increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin (analogous to the drug metformin), and taken before bedtime, lowers fasting glucose, suggesting that it increases insulin secretion (analogously to nateglinide).
In healthy subjects, after administration of 50 g of sucrose and 60 ml of apple cider vinegar no significant change in the glucose curve was observed, while insulin secretion decreased by 20% in relation to the administration of sucrose alone.
Apple cider vinegar and glucose level
In people with glycemia, the addition of 20 ml of white vinegar to salad dressing reduces the glycemic response to a mixed meal containing 50 g of carbohydrates.
The addition of about 1 g acetic acid (this amount is found in about 20 g of vinegar) reduces the glycemic index of the food by 20-35%.
The hypoglycemic properties of vinegar concern not only healthy people, but also insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In one study, people with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes were given a drink of 20 g apple vinegar, 40 g water and 1 teaspoon saccharin or placebo drink directly before a mixed meal containing 87 g of carbohydrates.In people with insulin resistance, postprandial glucose was reduced by 64%, and insulin sensitivity increased by 34% compared to placebo.In the case of type 2 diabetics no significant decrease in glycaemia was observed, however, sensitivity to insulin was 19% higher.
Healthy people consumed white bread (50 g carbohydrates per serving) separately and in the company of acetic acid in 3 different concentrations (1.1, 1.4, 1.7 g).After 30 minutes after a meal, the glucose level was clearly lower in the case of acetic acid tests compared to the control (bread alone).In addition, study participants were asked to assess satiety on a scale from extreme hunger (-10) to extreme satiety (+10) before meals and at 15-minute intervals after a meal.The lowest level of satiety was obtained as a result of eating the bread itself, and the indicator increased with the increasing concentration of added acetic acid.
2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, drunk before bedtime, reduce fasting glucose to 4%.
Apple vinegar and slimming
Apple cider vinegar can contribute to the loss of excessive body fat because, as mentioned above, it regulates blood glucose and reduces insulin secretion, which promotes weight loss, it also increases the feeling of satiety, but you can not treat apple cider vinegar as miraculous. remedy for overweight apple vinegar will work as an element of slimming diet, which includes proper diet and physical activity. What about the possibility of using apple cider vinegar in slimming science?
Healthy adult women consumed less calories on the days when vinegar appeared in the morning meal, women were given a high-carbohydrate breakfast (87 g carbohydrates) and vinegar or placebo, doing their daily activities and eating meals without control, but they were to record accurately what has been eaten. It turned out that the addition of apple cider vinegar to the breakfast resulted in a calorie intake by 200 kcal on that day.
The health benefits of eating apples
Adding acetic acid to a meal increases the feeling of fullness, but the mechanism of this action is not clearly explained.
In Japan, a study was conducted on 175 healthy obese people, divided into 2 groups, one of them drinking clean water every day for 12 weeks and the second portion of water with vinegar. The diets for both groups were similar, and the participants ran nutritional logs People who use water with vinegar lost more weight, but they were not big drops (0.9 – 1.8 kg in 3 months). Participants in both groups gained weight after finishing the study.
The use of apple cider vinegar
Apple juice should not be drunk directly in larger quantities.” It is best to dilute a tablespoon or 2 tablespoons in a glass of water and drink 1-2 times a day on an empty stomach or a meal Pure apple cider vinegar has acid reaction and may damage tooth enamel. it can also irritate and burn the mouth and esophagus. Caution: people who take medicines to lower blood glucose should take cautiously to use apple vinegar. Vinegar combined with the medicine may cause hypoglycaemia.
What apple vinegar can be used for?
1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar mixed with a glass of water while rinsing the hair gives them shine.
A common cause of reflux and heartburn is too alkaline stomach environment.Drinking a glass of water with 1 tablespoon of apple cider vapor eats the esophagus.
Apple vinegar with water stimulates the secretion of digestive enzymes and helps in indigestion.
Water with apple pita on an empty stomach can prevent constipation.
Thanks to its antibacterial properties, diluted apple vinegar can be used as a natural deodorant and facial lotion.
Apple cider vinegar can be used as a rinse aid for a sore throat.Use 1/3 cup of vinegar, make up with water and gargle several times a day.