Children Healthcare Men Senior Woman

Heart rate monitor – how it was made?

Heart monitoring has a long history in endurance sports. Long before the construction of electronic devices, endurance athletes realized that the pace of their heartbeats is inextricably linked to the effort, and therefore with sports results. It was obvious. When they practiced with a lot of effort, they felt their heart beat faster. As they slowed down, the heart worked much more slowly. 


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An old method of measuring the pulse before the era of the heart rate monitor 

During exercise, endurance athletes checked their wrist or neck, but to do this they had to slow down or stop completely. Of course, when the intensity of effort decreases, the heart beats slower and the heart rate drops. The longer they stood and kept their fingers on the neck or wrist, the lower their heart rate. Counting for a minute was completely pointless. Therefore, to get the correct number, the player had to count only for 10 seconds, so that the heart rate would not slow down too much. Then the result multiplied by 6, which gave the approximate value of the pulse, very inaccurate. Unfortunately, research has shown that this method of calculating the heart rate led to an error of at least 9 beats per minute. Subsequent tests showed errors up to 17 beats per minute. But what else could athletes do? 

It became clear to trainers and athletes that this way of calculating the heart rate is too inaccurate, and the medical equipment designed to measure the pulse was too expensive and too large to be carried. A small, inexpensive device was needed that would check the pulse during exercise and not during rest. 

Two breakthroughs 

In the 1970s, there were two breakthroughs. At the beginning of this decade, the Australian sport psychologist, and later also the world-famous swimming coach, Dr. Robert Treffene, began to deal with heart rate measurements. Soon, he constructed a pocket monitor with electrodes and cables, with which the pool trainer could check his swimmers’ heartbeats as soon as they finished swimming and stopped at the pool wall. 

The second breakthrough came in 1977. Seppo Säynäjäkangas (pronounced say-nayya-kong-as), a 33-year-old electronics professor at the University of Oulu, on the west coast of Finland, was an avid skier, like many Finns. In 1976, he wanted to help a local ski coach, a frustrated lack of ability to monitor the pulse of his novice athletes. The professor invented a heart rate monitor with batteries placed on the fingertips. He knew that he was on the trail of something big, when the National Ski National Team of Finland wanted to use this device, so in 1977 he founded the company Polar Electro Oy. 

The first heart rate monitor 

A year later, Polar introduced the first Tunturi Pulser pulse. It was a heart rate monitor connected by cables to the chest band. Five years later, in 1983, Polar presented the first wireless heart rate monitor, using an electric field for data transfer – Sport Tester PE 2000. The next year, the company released a device with a computer interface – Sport Tester PE 3000. The era of modern training has come. 

Modern training with a heart rate monitor 

Surprisingly, trainers and athletes at first approached the heart rate monitor very cautiously. But in 1984 something happened that mastered the covers of all magazines dealing with endurance sports. This year, Francesco Moser, an Italian cyclist, beat Belgian Eddie Merckks’ record in an hour-long ride – the distance a cyclist can cover in one hour while driving alone on the track. The amazing Merckks record – 49,431 km was established in 1976 and was considered unbeatable. In the end, Merckx was considered the greatest rider of all time. Many great athletes tried to break his record, but it failed. Moser was considered a decent cyclist, but he was not the best, and he was approaching the end of his career. But in Mexico, on a cold January day in 1984, within an hour Moser rode 51.115 km – an entire 3 percent more. 

Interesting in the case of the Moser record was how he trained. Until then, the training of cyclists was based strictly on the well-being. Most of the training took place in groups, thanks to which individual riders could mobilize each other for better results. Instead of following the tradition, Moser trained under his trainings preparing for hour-driving under the supervision of the Italian doctor Francesco Conconi. Dr. Conocni, using the Säynäjäkangas pulse during the race, made an interesting discovery. When, after training on the treadmill, during which he ran faster and faster with each lap, he created a graph showing the pace and heart rate, he noticed something that he considered an intriguing phenomenon. The dots on the graph were connected by a solid line. The line went up from the lower left corner of the chart to the upper right. He expected it. However, at the top, something interesting happened on the right – the line was breaking down a bit. Conocni recognized that the point of refraction is an anaerobic threshold (later studies have questioned this discovery). This is how Conconi’s test was born. 

Conconi knew that a man could keep his effort on the anaerobic threshold (AT – anaerobic threshold) for about an hour. When Moser reported to him, looking for tips on how to train to break the record, the doctor already knew how to prepare it – using the heart rate monitor and performing the Conconi test to determine the anaerobic threshold and then train at the determined pulse rate. It worked. 

The confusion that Moser and Conconi introduced caused that riders, runners, swimmers, skiers and other strength athletes around the world decided to try out training using heart monitors. Conconi’s test has been described and praised in many journals, in different languages ​​and in different time zones. A new training method has been born. 


You can read also: Cardio trening – not as bad as its seems

Children Healthcare Men Woman

How to stop hunching?

Most women have their entire lives centered on their waist, breasts and hips. Hardly anyone attaches importance to a simple posture, which is a pity – it turns out that a beautiful sexy woman is one who wears her head high. 


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The civilization disease is slouching – sitting most of the life behind the desk, we are inevitably leaning forward, rounding our arms, we winch to the side. As a result, our body takes on the shape of a question mark, the internal organs are pushing each other and even the growth decreases even a few centimeters. 

I decreased? 

Yes, it’s possible. Everyday stress, walking, standing, wearing heavy nets and, above all, gravity, cause collagen discs between the circles to squeeze and take us millimeters. Normally, most of these losses are recovered during the night during sleep in a horizontal position, but with age and progressive defects of posture some changes become irreversible. 

Especially women who during menopause and after strict weight loss diets often lose bone mass and can observe losses in growth. As if that was not enough, we bend the spine from side to side, rounded the back and push the stomach out, exposing ourselves to pain and a very unpleasant posture. The breasts are sagging, the belly is convex, the figure loses the shapes of femininity … 

What to do with it? 

Few of us who would reach the spine specialist would hear full approval. Usually, it turns out that we do not stick to straight, we have uneven shoulders, arms, hips or knees. In old age, it may cause serious motor problems; for the time being, it takes away our grace and … the chances of success. Studies show that erect people seem stronger, more attractive and even have a higher level of testosterone – a hormone responsible for entrepreneurship, risk taking and libido. 

Mirror, please tell me … 

Most of our faults can be seen in the mirror, but it’s better to ask somebody objective to assess how simple we are. Professionally one looks at the body with a profile to the wall on which an infrared beam is vertically displayed – it should theoretically pass through the middle of the ear, arm, hip, knee and ankle; in practice, this is rare. 

Differences can also be observed at the height of the shoulders and knees while lying on the back with bent legs and feet aligned in one line. Chronic disturbance of the balance line causes tissue mini-injuries and can be correlated with arthritis. That is why it is so important to return to the simple attitude of homo sapiens. 


Standard therapy of curvature of the spine includes exercises strengthening the muscles of the torso and abdomen and buttocks. Depending on the specific problem, we need to stretch some of our muscles, and shorten others to regain our balance. It is not a quick or easy process. 

Of course, there are also plenty of alternative ideas, the most important of which is definitely the reconstruction of everyday activities. Under the supervision of a therapist, we learn to sit, bend, get up, wear, etc. The point is to develop new habits that instead of loading the spine will use the muscles of the limbs keeping the back in a straight line. Every day we usually hear advice to constantly think about getting the abdomen inside, squeezing the buttocks while walking and leaving and connecting the blades. 

An interesting technique of restoring the body to the straight line presents the so-called School of Prazska. In the 1960s, a group of Czech neurologists and physiotherapists developed a method of rehabilitation consisting in imitating the movements of an infant. Turning from side to side, crawling and rolling, we help our neuro-muscular system to return to the original shape. 

There are also dance, visualization and chiropractic techniques that are supposed to bring back relief. The choice depends on us, but the benefit is unquestionable – not only will we avoid many painful things in the future, but above all, we will regain the beautiful, proud attitude of a woman who, regardless of the waist circumference, emanates sex and self-confidence! 


You can read also: Yoga Only For Flexible People?

Healthcare Woman

Creatine – effects in women

What is creatine? 

Creatine is a protein composed of 3 amino acids (single protein building blocks) of arginine, glycine and methionine. Creatine occurs naturally in human muscles. You can also find it in food in white meat, red meat and fish. 


Here you can find creatine – CLICK 


Creatine increases the supply of phosphocreatine in your muscles. Phosphocreatine is a storage of quickly available energy. This release energy is from phosphocreatine in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). ATP is the fuel for every single cell! 

Your muscles can naturally accumulate around 120 grams of creatine, but with the help of supplementation you can increase its amount to 150 g. Is it worth doing? 

Creatine – effects of use in women 

Creatine is associated with bodybuilders? If you want to have a firm, muscular body, you can also benefit from supplementation with this compound. 

Creatine is especially recommended for those who practice sports requiring short, intense efforts. The main effect of its use is to increase the muscles’ ability to produce energy during a violent effort (the so-called spurts). 

Creatine will therefore work for anyone who 

exercises at the gym, 

runs sprints, 

he plays team games that require quick reactions (eg volleyball, squash). 

If you care about visualizing your muscles, shapely arms, thighs or a flat stomach, creatine will help you achieve this goal more strongly. 

Other effects of creatine use are 

increasing muscle mass (primarily by retaining water), 

stimulating muscles to grow, 

protection of muscles against excessive disintegration, 

acceleration of regeneration after training, 

reduction of muscle acidification. 

Effective dosage of creatine 

Do not be afraid that after introducing supplementation with creatine, your muscles will grow to a monstrous size. Even low doses can significantly improve performance during strength training. Muscles have a limited ability to incorporate creatine, which makes excessive supplementation senseless. 

Creatine – monohydrate, creatine citrate or creatine phosphate?

The most popular form of creatine is monohydrate – white, a water-soluble powder which is neutral in taste. It’s a stable compound, combining one molecule of creatine with a molecule of water. Other forms are also available on the market, for example, creatine citrate, creatine phosphate, creatine stacks. However, there is not enough evidence that these compounds are better absorbed or more potent in increasing exercise and muscle mass than creatine monohydrate. 

Creatine dosage plan 

For women, the most effective is taking small doses of creatine, several times a day. Thanks to this, the chances of creatine intake are increased. The larger the one-time dose, the more creatine is excreted in the urine. 

Dosing of creatine – plan 1 

Take 6 servings of 1 g creatine per day for 6 days, then use a maintenance dose of 2 g per day for 25 days. 

Dosing of creatine – plan 2 

Take 3 g of creatine every day for 30 days. 

Creatine should be taken for 3-5 months. Then it’s worth a month break. 

You must know that creatine does not work for everyone. In 2 of 10 people the effect is unsatisfactory. Creatine concentration depends on which type of muscle fiber dominates. This feature is genetically conditioned. If you have an advantage of type II (fast-twitch) muscle fibers, you are better at responding to creatine. Type I muscle fibers (slow-twitch) does not benefit from supplementation with creatine. 

If after a month of using creatine you do not notice greater strength and endurance, do not take it. 

Creatine is good to eat to or after a meal. Digestion causes the secretion of insulin. Insulin makes creatine better and more slowly absorbed, which results in better results. 

Side effects of taking creatine 

Creatine is a well-studied supplement. Unfavorable effects of its use can be observed only after prolonged use of high doses. 

The fastest noticeable side effect is the weight increase resulting from water retention. In extreme cases, improper use of creatine may also appear 

gastrointestinal discomfort, 

liver disorder, 

significantly renal load. 

After stopping the supplementation, creatine levels are slowly returning to normal for a few weeks. During this time, a slight decrease in muscle mass and strength is observed, but ultimately both parameters remain at a higher level than before supplementation. 


You can read also: Monohydrate or creatine malate – which one to choose?

Healthcare Woman

5 myths about intimate infections

Intimate infections are disorders of the vaginal microflora. They manifest themselves with pruritus, vaginal discharge, burning of the vagina and vulva, pain during urination, during and after intercourse, and in some cases even increase in body temperature. Little is said about intimate infections, because for most it is quite a difficult and shameful topic. Wrongly, because the inflammation itself is the same disease as any other. Despite this, there are still many myths and urban legends about intimate infections. Which are true and which are not? We explain! 


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MYTH 1 Intimate infections affect only young, sexually active women 

The truth is that intimate infections can affect anyone, regardless of age. However, the most vulnerable are two groups – young women and those entering the menopausal age. All through hormonal changes, decreases in estrogen levels and a reduction in the amount of lactobacilli in the vagina. 

MYTH 2 Intimate infections are caused by lack of hygiene 

Not completely. One of the reasons for the intimate infection may be a lack of hygiene or inappropriate, often too aggressive hygiene. However, an annoying inflammation can also happen to a person who cares about himself very much. Remember that intimate infections may also be caused by stress, wearing improper underwear, using unsuitable cosmetics or using the pool. 

MYTH 3 Using tampons favors intimate infections 

This is absolutely not true! Properly used and frequently changed tampon should not contribute to the creation or development of intimate infection. Just remember to keep special hygiene during menstruation. 

MYTH 4 The diet is not related to intimate infections 

What we eat has a very big impact on our health and well-being. If your diet is too rich in simple carbohydrates, then there is a greater chance that intimate infections will occur. Ideally, your menu will be varied and rich in whole grains, rice, groats, vegetables and nuts. 

MYTH 5 Home methods are the best way to get rid of intimate infections 

Unfortunately, this is not the best way. Home methods can relieve pain but will not heal the infection completely. How to deal with the problem in this case? Always use proven, clinically tested drugs.


You can read also: We protect ourselves against seasonal infection

Healthcare Men Woman

Injuries and dysfunctions – which exercises can cause them

Injuries and injuries are the worst that can happen to us during exercise. Caring for safety, minimizing the risk of injury should be the basis for continuous and well thought-out development. The mentioned prophylaxis is influenced by properly performed warm-up, impeccable technique and selection of an exercise appropriate to your level of advancement and limitations resulting from past (or ongoing) injuries, posture defects or lack of mobility.

Unfortunately, among generally known exercises there are those that are potentially dangerous to our health, and those whose technique of exercise is controversial. We do it, often without knowing that in the long run they can do us more harm than good. It’s good to know what exercises and be aware of the risks they carry.

  1. Exercises on machines

If you are not a beginner after an injury or bodybuilder who refines the details of your figure, try to avoid exercises on the machines. They limit the range of motion and force its track and work in the ponds. Exercises on them are non-functional and do not develop stabilizing muscles. Two of them deserve special attention because of the potentially high danger they carry with them.

The first are leg extensions (lex extension). In this exercise, the work of the quadriceps muscle is strongly isolated, and the muscles of the ischio-shin group are inactive. The result is a lack of proper stabilization and protection of the knee, which are subjected to high shear forces. Excessive stretching of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) occurs, which increases the risk of its damage. In addition, this machine forces one axis of rotation for the knee, which in its normal operation is variable. Try to avoid this device, and if you can not resist, perform one-leg exercises on it, trying to strain the two-headed muscles before each repetition.

The second non-recommended exercise on the machine is squatting on the Smith gantry. The guides force here the path of movement, which becomes unnatural, and improperly distributed forces affect the load on the anterior cruciate ligament, the patellar ligament and the lower spine. This exercise, like most of the machines, excludes stabilizing muscles from work, and its effectiveness (muscle involvement) in comparison to an ordinary squat is 43% lower.


  1. Exercises dangerous for the shoulder joint

A large group of exercises considered to be dangerous are those whose exercise overloads the shoulder hoop. We include the removal of the upper lift bar to the neck, pulling up to the back of the neck and squeezing the bar from behind the neck.

When you do these three exercises, your hands are in an unnatural position. The external rotation and the trajectory behind the back cause a large extension of the anterior part of the shoulder joint, the subscapular muscle and intensify subarachal conflict. In addition, pulling the head forward may lead to irritation of the brachial plexus.

Pull the rod to the chest instead of the nape. According to the research, there is no difference in the activation of the back muscles here. Pulling is done only to the chest. Squeezing the bar from behind the neck is best forgiven, and if you have to do it, try to catch the barbell wide and do not leave it too low.

The group of exercises dangerous for the shoulder girdle can include pumps reversed on the basis of a bench. It loads heavily on your shoulder and clavicular joint, smaller pectoral muscle and rotators. Turn them into classic dips on the handrails, where the arms will be in a neutral position, which will put a strain on these structures to a lesser extent.

HERE YOU CAN READ: What should you know about your shoulders training?


  1. Dangerous internal rotation of the arm

Our body is not adapted to lifting the weight with the arms in the internal rotation. Unfortunately, gym regulars have been repeating a diagram for years, in which it is recommended to perform shoulder exercises with such an unfavorable shoulder position. I am talking about three of them raising the dumbbells sideways, forward and along the torso.

Internal rotation combined with an upraised hand causes irritation of the supraspinatus tendon. This conflict most often occurs when the hand is visiting between 60 and 120 degrees and in people with a strongly curved shoulder appendix (about 40% of people). If you do these exercises, you should know what to change in them, to keep them effective while minimizing trauma.

It is often advisable to keep the small toe above the thumb when lifting the dumbbell to the side, as if you would like to pour the water out of the jug. In this way, you significantly restrict the sub-space space, exposing yourself to tendonitis of the supraspinous muscle. If you want to do this exercise safely, take care of the outer rotation of the arm. You will get it if you lift your thumbs up during the raising of arms. In order to strengthen the lateral shoulder acts, lean slightly forward. Try not to raise your arms above the level and guide them slightly in front of you at an angle of about 30 degrees (in the plane of the shoulder).

During the raising of the weight of the dumbbell in the front in the rapper, you increase the podkarkowy conflict. It is recommended to use a hammer grip (with the thumb pointing up) during this exercise. As a result, the arm is positioned in a preferred outer rotation. If you have problems with the lumbar spine, do this exercise by lifting the dumbbells alternately or based on a bench at an angle of 60 degrees.

The most dangerous exercise of the three are lifting the barbell along the torso. It is often performed with a strong hand rise above shoulder level with hands below elbows. If you want to inadvertently perform this exercise, use a wider grip on a banner or dumbbell that will increase your range of movement. During each repetition, make sure your palms rise slightly higher than your elbows. Thanks to this, you will avoid internal rotation of the arm and problems in the future.


  1. Exercises dangerous for the spine

In the absence of proper technique or mobility, spinal overloads occur. However, there are exercises in which the correct technique will not protect you from excessive load.

One of them is the traditional sit-ups performed with the lower back in the lumbar region. This exercise, due to the negative impact on the spine, was withdrawn from the pool of examination exercises to the American army. Stuart McGill, authority on biomechanics of the spine, advises against practicing sport for health. During this exercise, the intervertebral discs are compressed with a force equal to 3300 N (about 330 kg). This value is considered critical when it comes to the potential risk of spine injury. Doing extra crunches, you also strengthen the hip flexors, which in most of us are excessively tense due to the sedentary lifestyle. A better option would be to replace this exercise with, for example, McGill’s crunches.

Russian sit-up is an exercise that overstresses the lumbar spine by combining compression, flexion and rotation in one movement. This lethal combination puts pressure on the intervertebral discs while weakening them, which is a quick way to injury.

An alternative to this exercise will be

– pallof press;

– full contact twist;

– side plank.

Superman is a popular exercise that requires maximum spinal hyperextension. It puts pressure on the interstitial joints and intervertebral lumbar ligaments with a force of 590 kg. Such a large overload results in damage to these structures. A similar effect, without damage to the spine, you get by doing torso extensions on fitball or bird / dog.


  1. Trampolines

These increasingly popular group activities can contribute to problems within the pelvic-pelvic complex. Women who are pregnant or overweight often take part in them, in which the pelvic floor muscles are very weakened and stretched. If you participate in these activities, having problems with core muscle control, then your pelvic floor muscles will significantly weaken. As a result, you can lead to their dysfunctions and related problems, such as urinary incontinence, deterioration of sexual life and other complications resulting from disorders of the core muscle structure.

As you can see, there is a group of exercises that can be potentially dangerous. Including them in your training plan, you should be aware of the risks they carry. Will you take this risk, including the costs of your goal, will you choose a safe version of the exercise to enjoy good health? The choice is yours.

Healthcare Men Senior Woman

Smart drugs – improve the functioning of the brain

Nootropics are substances that improve both the brain and the nervous system. These preparations are increasingly finding supporters not only among the sick, but healthy people who are subjected to excessive intellectual effort. Are “smart drugs” really safe and beneficial to our body? More in the text below.

  1. What is piracetam?

Piracetam is a nootropic drug belonging to the group of compounds called pyrrolidones. This compound is a derivative of the very well-known ?-amino-butyric acid (GABA). Nootropic drugs are substances of various structure and mechanism of action, but they are compatible with the metabolism of the central nervous system. The effect of this can be the stimulation of memory processes and awareness. Piracetam is a substance that does not show physical dependence.


  1. Piracetam – action

Piracetam is a substance used in the treatment of pathological conditions of neurological background. Responsible primarily for enhancing the metabolism of neurons in states of reduced activity. This leads to improved nerve conduction, increased use of oxygen and glucose, improved synthesis of neurotransmitters and high energy compounds. Piracetam also has strong antimonlonic activity.

The above reactions have a very positive effect on the activity of the higher parts of the central nervous system. What’s more, they lead to the improvement of cognitive processes (eg memory, consciousness or learning) and psychophysical efficiency. It is worth adding that piracetam in people with dyslexia improves the speed of reading and improves the process of memorizing. In addition, this compound is used as part of the prevention of brain function changes.

Another important action of piracetam is its impact on the cardiovascular system. Among the numerous impacts, it is worth specifying


– lowering of blood and plasma viscosity;

– stimulation of prostacyclin synthesis;

– removal of pathological spasms of small vessels;

– reduction of the aggregating ability of thrombocytes (platelets);

– limitation of adherence of erythrocytes to the endothelium of blood vessels;

– prolonged bleeding time and decreased fibrinogen levels.


  1. Dosage

The standard dose of piracetam for children is from 40 to 100 mg of substance for every kilogram of body weight. In the treatment of dyslexia, lower doses, not exceeding 50 mg, are also used. In turn, adults should use between 1200 and 4800 mg per day. The maximum effectiveness is shown by the maximum dose divided into three servings during the day of 1600 mg each.


  1. Indications and contraindications

Pharmacological treatment using piracetam is intended mainly for people with cognitive impairment (dementia syndromes with the exception of Alzheimer’s disease). In addition, it is very often used in the case of peripheral cortical myoclonus and middle dizziness, as well as dyslexia.

Among the contraindications to the use of piracetam is above all hypersensitivity to any component of this substance. In addition, here he mentions intracerebral hemorrhage, severe renal failure, Huntington’s chorea. As a result of the impact on the blood coagulation process, one should be cautious when using this supplement in the event of disturbances of homeostasis, severe surgical operations and severe haemorrhage.

Piracetam is also responsible for the intensification of thyroid hormones. There are reports of occurrences of confusion, irritability or insomnia during simultaneous supplementation of the drug with thyroid preparations.

Side effects are rare and usually occur at the beginning of therapy with piracetam. The most common symptoms are excessive excitement, nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms that may occur include dizziness, fluctuations in blood pressure, increased salivation and allergic reactions.


  1. Opinions

A study conducted on healthy young volunteers aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of piracetam supplementation in the context of improving brain function. Despite the lack of any impact in the normal situation, the results confirmed the assumption. Participants were subjected to a situation of inadequate oxygenation of the brain (excessive concentration, sleepless night), followed by an EEG test. The analysis showed improvement in the efficiency of brain work after earlier use of the nootropic drug.


  1. What is sunifiram?

The above compound belongs to the group of synthetic derivatives of piracetam. DM-235 is also a nootropic medicine that strengthens cognitive processes. Very often it is referred to as AMPAkine due to its action through the AMPA receptor and kainic acid.


  1. Sunifiram – properties

The action of sunifiram is very similar to its precursor – this nootropic drug is responsible for improving the metabolism of the nervous system, which promotes the efficiency and effectiveness of energy transformation. Due to the low level of toxicity and the greater (almost 1000 times) nervous system impact power than piracetam, it is increasingly used in the treatment of neurological problems. Sunifiram is also responsible for oxygenating the brain, improving the blood circulation, and also affecting the production of acetylcholine.


Sunifiram is recommended for the purpose

– improving intellectual performance;

– improvement of cognitive functions;

– increase in the productivity of professionally active people;

– metabolism stimulation.


  1. Dosage

Due to the lack of detailed human studies, it is very difficult to determine the optimal dose of sunifiram. Estimated doses were calculated on the basis of tests on rats, in which the optimal supplementation is about 1 mg per kilogram of body weight. Therefore, it is assumed that a man should use from 0.08 to 0.16 mg of substance for every kilogram creating the mass of his own body.


  1. Aniracetam – general information

This is another derivative of piracetam, which is very similar to it in terms of structural structure. Its action, as in the case of sunifiram, is much more effective, which is why it is increasingly used in the pharmacological therapy of the nervous system. This relationship very often occurs under the names Ampamet, Draganon, Memodrin, Referan or Sarpul.


  1. Action and supplementation

Aniracetam, like the previously described substances, affects memory processes and concentration. Due to the improvement of blood flow through the brain, it affects the process of analytical thinking. Very often it is referred to as an element necessary to “assemble the puzzle into the whole “.

In addition to the typical medical use of substances (including Alzheimer’s therapy or depression), it is very often used as a dietary supplement. It is recommended mainly to intellectual employees who spend many hours in concentration. Aniracetam is also a very good solution for mitigating and renewing the effects of harmful alcohol activity.

Aniracetam is a very fat-soluble compound, therefore the preparation should be taken with a fat meal. The recommended daily dose of the preparation should be from 1000 to 1500 mg. This dose should be divided into two minor doses.


  1. What is nefiracetam?

Nefiracetam is a chemical compound belonging to the racetam group. Like aniracetam, it is fat soluble in compound with which it easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier and penetrates the central nervous system more quickly. Together with the previously described compounds, it is part of nootropic drugs that stimulate the brain and our body. The preparation is not as popular as aniracetam or piracetam.


  1. Nefiracetam – properties and dosage

Nefiracetam is a component of medicines that improve memory and concentration. He is responsible for increasing acetylcholine signaling and glutamate in synapses, which prolongs the action of calcium in active neurons. The result of such activity is intensification and improving the quality of memory processes, cause-and-effect thinking and learning. Very often it is recommended as a drug for the treatment of ADHD and depression.

Supplementation of nifracetam should contain doses of 150 to 450 mg per day. This portion should be divided into three equal doses. Single doses do not improve cognitive function. Despite this, they affect the brain within 30 to 60 minutes after ingestion.

Healthcare Men Woman

Foods that care about hormonal management

The diet has a great influence on how the human body functions. Adequate nutritional choices ensure hormonal balance, increase physical and intellectual performance, and make skin and hair look healthy and beautiful. It is hormones that control well-being, digestion, libido, metabolism and appearance. If you do not eat properly, your body will not be able to produce them.

Our body needs proteins, fats and carbohydrates. You can not deprive him of anything. Fat is one of the most important elements in the hormonal puzzle. Hormones are produced using some fatty acids and cholesterol. Without them, they will not arise and the balance will be shaken. This is especially important for women.

The diet should be based on carbohydrates from vegetables and cereal products, healthy fats and protein, and it is worth including antioxidants and medicinal herbs.

Here is a list of foods that should be included in your daily menu to help your body maintain a hormonal balance

Protein – soaked or germinating nuts, beans, seeds, quinoa, lentils, eggs, wild fish

Grease – pumpkin seeds, linseed, chia seeds, avocados, nuts and vegetable oils

Vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants – green (asparagus, broccoli, spinach, kale, parsley, apples), orange and red (carrots, pumpkin, tomatoes, wild rose), purple (beets, chokeberry, grapes, black currant)

Spices and herbs – cinnamon, turmeric, cayenne pepper, cumin, cumin, garlic, ginger.

If the body receives everything it needs, it will reach a state of hormonal balance. Certainly, the skin will then shine, you will experience emotional stability and discover new layers of energy. The human body has an amazing ability to self-heal, which he does when his needs are met for macro- and micro-components.

Health & Beauty Healthcare Men Senior Woman

Why you should eat nuts?

Eating nuts reduces two of the five markers of the metabolic syndrome (a group of factors that increase the risk of heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and strokes), confirms the new scientific work.

The metabolic syndrome is diagnosed when the patient has three of the following risk factors for low levels of good cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and a large waist circumference.

Researchers have proved that regular consumption of natural nuts has a significant effect on the decrease in triglycerides and blood sugar levels.

Dr Sievenpiper confirmed that the greatest reduction in triglycerides and glucose in the blood was evident when nuts replaced refined sugars and saturated fats. He also said that eating nuts has no negative impact on other metabolic syndrome risk factors such as weight gain, although the nuts are quite caloric. Nuts are also high in fat, but they are unsaturated fats.

Proven health benefits associated with the reduction of metabolic syndrome factors refer to almonds, brazil nuts, cashews, chestnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, macadamia nuts, Italian and pistachios. They do not include peanuts.

In randomized controlled trials, patients ate about 50 grams of nuts a day.

Fifty grams of nuts can be easily incorporated into the diet as a snack or as a substitute for animal fats and refined carbohydrates, said Dr Sievenpiper.

The US Food and Drug Administration has confirmed that regular eating of nuts reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Nuts are also recommended in the Mediterranean diet, DASH (diet for lowering blood pressure), diet to prevent cardiovascular diseases and reduce “bad cholesterol“.

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Why is it worth to drink green tea

Research has proven that green tea has an amazing amount of antioxidants and whole layers of antioxidants.

The Chinese know the health properties of green tea from antiquity. She treated her with headaches, rheumatism, depression and many other diseases. In Poland, this tea is also gaining popularity and more and more people are drinking. What has been known in China for centuries to the West has only reached after thorough analysis of this tea. Research has proven that green tea has an amazing amount of antioxidants and whole layers of antioxidants.

Below are some of the most important advantages of this increasingly popular drink

Slimming / metabolism

Many scientific centers conducted research to not only believe but also to confirm that consumption of green tea improves metabolism. This in turn may support weight loss or its subsequent maintenance within the normal range. Experiments show that in combination with training you can lose several kilos a month. Instead of using expensive dietary supplements, it is worth introducing regular drinking green tea into your diet.

Strongly strengthens the immune system

The catechins contained in it have a beneficial effect on our immune system. The analyzes carried out in 2003 showed that the tein contained in green tea increases the activity of T-lymphocytes. The more they are in our body, the higher our immunity. A study was conducted in which there were two groups. The first group drank 600 ml of green tea daily and the other 600 ml of coffee. After four weeks, blood samples were taken from them. It turned out that the first group had a 5-fold higher concentration of T lymphocytes. It was also proved that daily drinking of green tea helps to prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

It soothes the symptoms of acne

Yes it’s true! Green tea also has an anti-inflammatory effect, which reduces redness and breakouts. After drinking a tea, it is worth applying green tea leaves to skin changes. They will cover the skin and pull it off.

It lowers the level of \ bad \ cholesterol

A study based on results among a small group of people showed that men who drank green tea were more susceptible to lowering cholesterol than those who did not drink it.

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