Coffee has a beneficial effect on health because it has many healing properties, which is why coffee beans are highly valued by the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, among others, because they contain substances that delay the aging process of the body. Check what properties coffee has and what it found application.
Coffee – care properties
Coffee is obtained from the seeds of red fruits of evergreen coffee plants (Coffea) grown in the tropic zone, mainly Africa and South America, where their curative properties and uses are known. from roasted and ground coffee beans.
Most of the coffee consumed comes from Robusta or Arabica varieties, 70% of the world’s production is Arabica, aromatic and mild in taste. Robusta comes from Southeast Asia and Brazil, has a slightly bitter taste and contains about 50% more. caffeine than Arabica.
It’s good to know that every day in the world people drink more than three billion cups of coffee. The largest consumption per capita is recorded in Scandinavia (even more than 10 kg per year.) In Poland, consumption is estimated at 1-1.5 cups a day, corresponding to an annual intake of approx. 2-3 kg.
Coffee – a source of caffeine
Caffeine is the most well-known and valued ingredient of coffee that determines its healing properties Caffeine has found application in anti-migraine, anti-asthmatic, analgesic and stimulant preparations. The therapeutic dose is 200 mg, which is equivalent to about 4 espresso coffees, 3 cups of instant coffee, 2 cups ground coffee and about 20 cups of decaffeinated coffee .
Caffeine content in various types of coffee
Type of coffee, caffeine content
- a cup of black coffee 70-140 mg
- a cup of 95 mg coffee
- espresso cup 57 mg
- a cup of frozen coffee 50-70 mg
For comparison, an incomplete glass of black loose tea contains 65 mg of caffeine, and a bottle (0. 33 l) of coca-cola – 45 mg.
Coffee – anticancer properties
Coffee is also a source of valuable antioxidants – chlorogenic and coffee acids, which not only neutralize oxygen free radicals in the body and improve the purification of the body of harmful toxins, but also improve the body’s defenses. Scientists believe that thanks to these properties, antioxidants can protect against damage genetic in cells and thus protect against certain cancer diseases. Recently, it has been proven that the level of these valuable antioxidants in coffee increases significantly during the process of burning its grains.
The most expensive coffee in the world is extracted from the Łaskunów faeces. Kawa kopi luwak costs about 1 thousand euros per kilogram! In Poland, in a café in Ćmielów, a cup of this drink costs 100 PLN.
Researchers at the University of Southampton have shown that drinking coffee reduces the risk of liver cancer. Increasing coffee consumption by one cup a day was associated with a reduction in the risk of hepatocellular HCC by 20%. Drinking two cups more – 35% and so on until up to five cups (few people drink more than five).
Here you can read: How coffee affects the human body – nine facts that you do not know
Coffee improves memory and concentration
Caffeine, theophylline and theobromine present in the coffee beans act on the central nervous system, accelerating the flow of electrical impulses in the brain, or mental processes, so it stimulates the mind, increases short-term memory and facilitates concentration: caffeine begins to absorb from the gastrointestinal tract after about a quarter of an hour after drinking a cup of coffee, and the highest concentration in the blood reaches and most strongly affects the nervous system after about three hours.
Coffee and Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
Long-term coffee, specifically caffeine, theophylline and theobromine, has a reduced risk of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, as researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago (USA) have shown. Their research has shown that the onset of Parkinson’s disease in coffee drinkers is later ( 72 years) than those who did not consume coffee (64 years).
Other studies have confirmed the beneficial effect of caffeine intake in lowering the risk of Parkinson’s disease, reducing the risk compared to non-drinkers by about 30% .This protective effect was achieved with the consumption of 3 cups per day, with a further increase in the dose of caffeine not correlating with its severity. it was more noticeable in men than in women
Coffee reduces the risk of diabetes 2
Coffee can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This is the result of a study by Dutch scientists from the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, which have been published in the Lancet. Among respondents drinking over 7 cups a day, compared with 2 With a cup a day, this risk is reduced by up to 50%.
Coffee supports slimming
Caffeine accelerates metabolism in the body, and especially fat burning, which is why coffee has become one of the desirable ingredients in preparations to help overweight.