- Vegetables and fruits – the diet of a person with inflammatory disease should be based on vegetables and fruits, every day should eat 500-700 g of vegetables and 300-500 g of fruit.They are foods very rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. , eg polyphenols, carotenoids. A vegetable-based diet has a strong anti-inflammatory potential and is effective in treating many diseases with chronic inflammation.
- Greasy sea fish – salmon, mackerel, herring, sardines, tuna and other sea fish provide omega-3 fatty acids with a strong anti-inflammatory effect, which is not enough in the average diet. Numerous studies show that omega-3 intake reduces the number of swollen joints and their painfulness, shortens the morning stiffness of the joints, increases the time to fatigue after waking up and increases the strength of the grip, and generalizing – reduces the activity of the disease.The use of fatty fish at least twice a week and supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids is of key importance to reduce the symptoms and behavior of the disease.
- Whole grains – groats, rice, cereals, and wholemeal bread are a source of fiber. Research on the effectiveness of fiber in reducing markers of inflammation in the blood are ambiguous. The digestive tract is very important in terms of health, therefore it is worth including it in the diet.
- Legume seeds – provide fiber, mineral salts and anti-oxidants with anti-inflammatory effect.
Best products at RA
- olive oil
- contains monounsaturated fatty acids effective in calming inflammation in the body and oleocanthal – a compound that gives a burning, bitter aftertaste when consuming oil.
- scientific evidence has shown the important role of oleocanthalu in reducing markers of inflammation and its effectiveness in the treatment of diseases involving degeneration of joints.
- coriander, turmeric,
- ginger, cinnamon
- they are rich in various bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory effects.
- have the ability to relieve the symptoms of RA and reduce the levels of markers of inflammation, as demonstrated in animal studies.
- Bromelain from pineapple
- is located mainly in a gulp of pineapple, which is inedible, so the source of bromelain can be high-quality dietary supplements.
- in scientific research, it is suggested that appropriate formulations may even replace non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- green tea contains a powerful EGCG antioxidant that inactivates proinflammatory proteins.
- dark fruit cherries, berries, raspberries, pomegranate, blackcurrant are rich in anthocyanins with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
- parsley contains flavonoid luteolin with action blocking proinflammatory proteins.
Nutritional deficiencies in rheumatoid arthritis
In one study, the analysis of the diet of 52 women with RA showed an insufficient intake of omega-3 fatty acids, and thus – a highly disturbed ratio of fats n-6 / n-3.Their menus were also low in folic acid, vitamin D, potassium and calcium.These food components are among the most deficient among people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.Nutritional deficiencies in this disease are closely related to the type of drugs used.NSAIDs increase the permeability of the small intestinal mucosa, vascular inflammation, secondary anemia and excessive protein loss.Particularly important nutrients are iron, folic acid, vitamin C, B6 and B12.Steroids have a negative effect on skeletal status, therefore, when taking them, a calcium-rich diet is recommended (which does not come from dairy products but, for example, from broccoli and dried figs) and vitamin D. Methotrexate is a folic acid antagonist, hence the number of products should be increased in the diet. rich in this component, whereas methotrexate in combination with sulfasalazine increases the concentration of homocysteine in the blood, and this translates significantly into a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. The diet should then be enriched with omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins B6 and B12 and folic acid.
Rheumatoid arthritis diet, RA – contraindicated products
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis first of all have to eliminate very strong pro-inflammatory trans fats from the diet. They are found in hard margarines, shop sweets, donuts, buns, fast food, broth cubes and some ready-made dishes. high-processed food must be excluded.
Sugar and alcohol are also inadvisable. The results show a relationship between the severity of RA and the frequency of alcohol consumption. The diet should pay attention to reducing the consumption of red meat and milk, which many people are intolerable.
There are no conclusive studies indicating the negative impact of dairy consumption on the course of the disease, but the analysis of individual cases allows to conclude that dairy products actually enhance the symptoms of RA.
Other products that you need to limit it fried and grilled foods – products prepared in this way at a high temperature are turning brown, which is a typical process called Maillard reaction. The very harmful chemicals created during this reaction are final glycation products (AGE). There is no conclusive evidence of AGE association with RA, no however, he has doubts that these compounds intensify the inflammation in the body, so it is worth replacing frying at least 3-4 times a week for cooking, stewing and baking
allergenic and intolerant products – due to the increased permeability of the intestinal epithelium, the food causing allergies and food intolerances is even more harmful than in the case of healthy people, as it easily penetrates into the blood and stimulates the immune system, which in turn increases inflammation.In the case of RA, it is worth performing tests for allergies and food intolerances and a diet that eliminates problematic products.
nightshade vegetables – tomato, pepper, potato and eggplant can be problematic due to the content of alkaloids. Whether or not they exacerbate RA is a very individual and challenging issue.It is worth eliminating nightshade for 2 weeks from the diet and observe if the symptoms of the disease are less severe.Then eat them again, analyzing if the pain and swelling of the joints is getting worse
nuts and seeds are a contentious issue because they are very nutritious. At the same time, however, they are a source of omega-6 fatty acids, whose average diet provides too much.Nuts and seeds rich in omega-6 are peanuts (which are not botanically nuts), almonds, sesame, pumpkin and sunflower seeds.Their amount should be controlled in the diet.
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