Do you think that sweet drinks are just empty calories? It is worse because frequent consumption increases the activity of genes responsible for the tendency to gain weight.
It has long been known that the risk of excessive weight gain is the resultant of genetic and environmental factors (lifestyle, diet). Now, however, it has been scientifically proven for the first time that these factors are not unrelated to each other – a common influence of the consumption of sweetened beverages and the action of genes has been discovered.
30 years of the revolution in nutrition
Over the last three decades, the consumption of sweetened carbonated drinks has grown drastically in the world, and among American teens, the calories from such drinks are the largest source of energy in the diet. In 2009, researchers pointed out that consumption of such beverages raises the risk of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. At that time, no one was able to show the relationship between the drink of sweetened beverages, or environmental factor, and the impact on BMI of genes responsible for the tendency to gain weight. .
As the average American man drinks 45 kg of sweetened fizzy drinks per year, it is the group of nearly 200,000 Americans who took part in the study, the results of which were published on September 21, 2012 in NEJM (New England Journal of Medicine.
Researchers completed detailed surveys on the quality, frequency and quantity of food consumed and drinks consumed.
Based on the collected information, the respondents were divided into four groups related to the consumption of sweetened beverages
- Very low consumption – the respondents drank no more than one such drink a month.
- Low consumption – subjects drink 1-4 drinks a month.
- Average consumption – respondents drank 2-6 of such beverages a week.
- High consumption – the respondents drink at least one such drink a day.
The genetic tendency to weight gain of the subjects was evaluated on the basis of 32 types of single nucleotide polymorphisms (minor changes in genes) that are considered to be able to influence BMI.
In the group of people who consume the most sugary drinks two times stronger, genetic predisposition to weight gain (BMI increase) was found than in the group of people with low consumption.
“Regular consumption of sugary drinks can increase the genetic risk of becoming obese. In addition, people with high genetic risk of obesity are more exposed to the harmful effect of such drinks on the BMI value.
And now humanly You’re inclined to be overweight? Drinking sweet drinks will increase them and make your BMI go up.
Sweetened beverages work on genes that are responsible for weight gain, such as turning on the turbo button. The correct diet and avoidance of sweetened drinks work on these genes as the brake.
So what do you choose – a glass of water or a can of sweet bubbles? Your BMI depends on such small choices, health, figure and mood. Remember that.