Fat but fit a heart disease

Recent scientific reports show that overweight or obesity increases the risk of coronary heart disease by 28% compared to people with normal body weight, even if people with excess kilograms have normal blood pressure, blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels. As it turns out, being fat is not a good way of life. Despite good research results, athletic but still overweight people are at risk of heart disease, with a 4-fold greater risk of heart attack. Keeping your weight in check should be a priority, I have a bit too much weight but I do not train, unfortunately it will not save us from serious health consequences.

It is well known that storing too much fat in the body is associated with a number of metabolic changes, including increased blood pressure, high blood sugar and elevated cholesterol levels, which can lead to diseases and generally poor health. However, in practice there are many overweight people who seem to be free from the adverse health effects of their overweight, they are called in the medical literature \ metabolically healthy obese and in foreign media \ fat but fit \. Each of us after a moment of reflection will find among your friends or family someone who, despite his round shapes, enjoys health, is physically active. Such people defend themselves against slimming as much as they can, saying that they feel good, have good research results and better condition than many skinny ones.Their health-consciousness, however, does not protect them from the serious health consequences of being overweight or obese.

The largest study, covering results from more than 500,000 people from 10 European countries taken from EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition), confirmed that in overweight or obesity, the risk of heart disease is increased despite the normal metabolic profile.


Our findings suggest that if the patient is overweight or obese, every effort should be made to help him return to the correct weight, regardless of other factors. Even if your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels are normal, excessive body weight remains a risk factor, “said Dr. Camille Lassale, from the Imperial School of Public Health and currently from University College London.

In a study published in the European Heart Journal, researchers examined the relationship between overweight and coronary heart disease (CHD), a condition in which little blood gets to the heart due to clogged arteries, leading to a heart attack. After more than 12 years of follow-up, it turned out that a total of 7,637 people in the EPIC group died of a heart attack as a result of CHD.

Researchers thoroughly analyzed a representative control group – over 10,000 people. They classified their body weight according to the definitions of the World Health Organization. People with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 were classified as obese, while people with a BMI between 25-30 were defined as overweight and those between 18.5-25 with normal body weight. More than half of the control group (63%) was female, with an average of 53.6 and an average body mass index (BMI) of 26.1.

Participants of the study were classified as Healers if they had at least three metabolic parameters out of the standard (high blood pressure, blood glucose or triglyceride concentration, low HDL cholesterol or waist size over 94 cm in men and 80 cm in women). After configuring these parameters with lifestyle-related factors such as smoking, diet, exercise and socioeconomic status, the researchers found that compared to a group with healthy body weight, people considered

Unhealthy \ have shown more than double the risk of CHD, regardless of whether they had normal body weight, overweight or obesity.

However, the analysis also showed that in a seemingly healthy group, depending on the weight, there was a significant difference in results. Studies have shown that compared to people with normal body weight, people classified as healthy but overweight had an increased risk of CHD by 26 percent, while healthy but obese people had an increased risk of up to 28%.


The test evidently annihilates the term \ metabolically healthy obese \. According to Dr. Ioanna Tzoulaki, from the Imperial’s School of Public Health, overweight people who might be considered as \ healthy \ do not just have an unhealthy metabolic profile, or disease symptoms that will surely appear later, causing e.g. the heart muscle when it may be too late to intervene.

According to scientists, it is necessary to popularize the prevention and treatment of obesity in order to ensure public health. And I will add from myself that everyone should care for the proper weight of the body because without it, he is exposed to diseases that not only can effectively make life difficult, but also lead to death. Therefore, do not be afraid to ask the specialists – dietitians or doctors for help. Let’s take care of the condition, doing sports. Do not overeat, let’s eat as much as our body needs, remembering that low-processed, fresh, seasonal food is what our body wants.

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