Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disease that can cause hypothyroidism (less likely to be overactive) of the thyroid gland. This affliction causes the immune system to attack the thyroid. The thyroid gland is damaged and is unable to produce enough hormones. What a diet should look like to help an autoimmune organism learn during the reading of our article.
What is the thyroid and how does it work?
Thyroid is a small organ in the shape of a butterfly, which is located in the front of the neck. Thyroid hormones control the way in which the body uses energy, and thus affect almost every organ and function in our body – even at the heartbeat. Without enough thyroid hormones, many of our body organs work more slowly.
Does Hashimoto’s disease have a different name?
Hashimoto’s disease is also called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, chronic lymphocytic inflammation or autoimmune thyroiditis.
How often is Hashimoto’s disease diagnosed?
According to unofficial information, about 2-5% of society in our country struggle with this disease. Some sources indicate that hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder and affects about 5% of adult women and about 1% of men. Hashimoto’s disease is diagnosed at least eight times more often in women than in men. Although it can occur even in adolescents, it usually appears between 40 and 60 years old. The chances of occurrence of Hashimoto’s disease increase if other members of our immediate family also struggle with this ailment. The likelihood of Hashimoto’s disease is also greater in the case of other autoimmune disorders associated with it.
- Addison’s disease
- autoimmune hepatitis
- celiac disease
- Sjogren’s team
- type 1 diabetes
- pernicious anemia
- rheumatoid arthritis
What other health problems can I experience due to Hashimoto’s disease?
Many people with Hashimoto’s disease develop hypothyroidism. Low thyroid hormone levels can contribute to high cholesterol levels that can lead to heart disease. Rarely, severe, untreated hypothyroidism can lead to hypometabolic coma – an extreme form of hypothyroidism, which can even be life-threatening. The hypometabolic coma requires urgent hospital treatment.
What are the symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease?
Many people with Hashimoto’s disease do not have any symptoms at the beginning. When the disease develops, the thyroid usually grows and can cause the front of the neck to be swollen. An enlarged thyroid gland, called goiter, is usually not painful. After many years and even decades, damage to the thyroid causes it to shrink, and the go disappears.
Hypothyroidism in Hashimoto’s disease can cause one or more of the following symptoms
- putting on weight
- pain in the joints and muscles
- dry, thinning hair
- heavy or irregular periods
- problems with getting pregnant
- problems with memory
- slow heart rate
What causes Hashimoto’s disease?
Researchers are not sure why some people develop autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease. These disorders are probably due to a combination of genes and external factors such as viruses.
In Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system makes antibodies start attacking the thyroid gland. A large number of white blood cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the immune system, accumulate in the thyroid gland. Lymphocytes form antibodies that start the autoimmune process.