A hernia is very common in the fitness world. We speak about the hernia when the content of any body cavity exceeds its normal limits. In many people the hernia is practically asymptomatic.

Regardless of which organ is affected by the hernia, it can give a set of very similar symptoms:

soft tumor from the hernia site,
pain, feeling of pulling,
burning while compressing the tumor,
radiating pain during muscle stretching (weight lifting, defecation).

Most hernias are not detected during initial visits to the doctor. It is only after a few incorrect diagnoses that the final correct diagnosis appears. It is very important that physically active people, trainers, trainers, can recognize hernia symptoms.

Types of hernia:

Inguinal hernia.

We can distinguish two types of inguinal hernia with straight and oblique.

straight and slanted

Simple inguinal hernia – a form of a femoral hernia. It occurs when the adipose tissue or part of the intestine moves through the femoral canal to the upper, inner part of the thigh. This type of hernia is often trapped, which results in intestinal obstruction..

Inguinal hernia oblique – this group includes scrotal hernia (in men) and hernia (in women).

The most exposed to this disease are men who are overweight and suffer from problems with urination, as well as suffering from constipation.

Umbilical hernia

It often occurs in children. It is a congenital anatomy and is located in the area of the navel. It can also develop in pregnant women, obese women. An umbilical hernia is usually visible after abdominal stress, but it can also be permanently protruding. Raising or shifting the leg shows the bulge or inclination of the navel.

White hernia

Hernia in the postoperative scar

Abdominal hernia

epigastric and sub-abdominal hernia,

lumbar hernia.

Spinal hernia

Internal hernia

Hiatal hernia

The most common causes of hernia formation

The most common causes of hernia are obesity (past or present) and severe cough. Among other reasons, weight lifting, effort to empty or pass urine, chronic lung disease, abdominal fluid, injuries and improperly performed treatments can be distinguished. Hernia may be related to health burdens occurring in the family.


Diagnosis of a hernia is sometimes difficult, as other disease entities may mask or hinder proper diagnosis. Symptoms may be misinterpreted as a urinary tract infection, epididymitis, oophoritis, endometriosis, cysts, etc. The listed disease entities may mimic any hernia. Helping the clinician to understand the correct location, intensity and duration of pain will allow faster diagnosis. Any pain that lasts longer than two days or is severe should be checked by a doctor as soon as possible.

Hernia and gym

Can you train with a hernia? In fact, much depends on the type of hernia we deal with and the degree of its advancement. Nevertheless, the hernia will most often require discontinuation of training for the time of recovery.

Most often the hernia requires surgical intervention and if such surgery is carried out correctly, in 99% of cases it is possible to return to strength training. Already after about 2 weeks after the procedure, you can return to training very slowly. However, it is worth doing so judiciously and with your head. Starting from loading with small weights, using exercises on machines and isometric tension. It is very important that the training, which starts after the injury and surgery, is performed in such a way that the exercises do not increase the dysfunction with which we had to deal.

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