Injuries, muscular pains, overloads and injuries are inseparable companions of sports. Regardless of what discipline we cultivate or at what level of advancement, such situations like tissue failure or “wear” occur. Rather, they need to be put into a sporting life, rather than trying to avoid knowledge about them. Early diagnosis, treatment, allows you to deal with problems relatively quickly, allowing you to quickly get back to workouts.
One of the most common ailments is knee pain, which is located in the back, the popliteal region. Below you will find the 4 most common causes of knee pain in this place, as well as ways to solve them.
- Tendinopathy of the sciatic muscles
The affliction mainly affects long-distance runners and usually disappears when we start the run. It manifests itself as stiffness and mild pain in the back area of the knee. The reason is the inadequate running technique, which is maintained for a considerable distance (and hence – time of effort), working on the wrong hip bend, which should be restored to the proper length. Accumulated “muscle fatigue” causes its shortening and pain.
How to deal with? First of all, your figure requires an analysis of the gait method as well as the technique of running. Eliminating posture defects or correcting running technique will help prevent future problems. A person dealing professionally with the technique of running will quickly catch, which muscles work incorrectly and at what level of movement there is a problem necessary for correction. Simply subjecting the area to the pain of mobilization and tissue mobilization is not enough. What’s more, the muscles that stabilize the pelvis as well as the hip flexors should also be strengthened.
- Baker’s cyst
The occurrence of Baker cyst is usually manifested by swelling and the occurrence of a tumor behind the knee. Usually you can feel the occurrence of a cyst during the bending and straightening movement of the knee. Palpation is like a small balloon with water, and is formed of tissues that are irritated as a result of repeated movements of the same movements in the running cycle.
How to deal with? Unfortunately, it is necessary to visit a specialist who will assess the scale of the problem and propose treatment. Usually, it is necessary to puncture and suck up the accumulated liquid. The next step is to recommend appropriate manual techniques that are designed to alleviate the friction between tissues and to reduce inflammation.
- Damaged meniscus
The meniscus is the cartilage that is located between the femoral and tibial bone as a form of stabilization of the joint and its compression. Damage usually occurs when there is a rapid, uncontrolled torsional movement or fall. Slight damage to the meniscus usually manifests itself in a small swelling that occurs even after 2-3 weeks of damage. Damage to heavy caliber usually prevents running, walking, and sometimes even blocks the pond.
How to deal with? First of all, the knee should be subjected to a professional diagnosis, which usually requires MRI imaging. The use of ice cooling as well as rest from movement can bring relief during damage. When the meniscus problem is small, usually the implementation of rest and rehabilitation exercises should help. However, if the damage is severe, surgical intervention and meniscus sewing are required.
- Inflammation of the calf tendon
Inflammation usually includes tendons and the upper calf muscle. Tendons tend to catch fire when the knee is straight and the toes curled dorsally (up). The problem mainly concerns cyclists who have an unmatched distance of the seat to the rotational movement of the bicycle driving mechanism. This causes the hamstring tendons to “get tired”, which is associated with the onset of inflammation.
How to deal with? Take rest as the main method of fighting ailment. In addition, use ice cooling, which should accelerate the extinction of inflammation. What’s more, massage the place of edema towards the heart to accelerate the healing process of tissues.