Myths and facts about the role of nutrition in oncological disease

There are many myths about nutrition in oncological disease, the existence of which may negatively affect the treatment process.

There are many myths about nutrition in oncological disease, the existence of which may negatively affect the treatment process.These myths function not only among the patients themselves, but also in social awareness, as shown by the SMG / KRC study commissioned by Nutricia Medyczna.We refute the most common ones.


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  1. MIT. Losing weight and malnutrition is a natural condition that accompanies the disease

77% of respondents believe this1.As a result of illness and therapy, eating problems may occur (lack of appetite, dysphagia, or problems with swallowing, nausea), but this does not mean that the weight loss always applies to every patient.Knowing about the occurrence of such side effects is all the more worth asking a doctor or dietitian, how to prevent malnutrition of the body.Deep malnutrition and cachexia are often independent factors of poor prognosis.An intensive nutritional treatment should be undertaken because an undernourished patient develops complications more often and may tolerate the treatment poorly.Often it is not able to carry out the therapy in full doses and at appropriate intervals of time, which can ultimately lead to worse results of oncological treatment.Prompt consultation with a doctor or dietitian in advance, diet change and / or addition of medical nutrition may positively influence the degree of nutrition, thus limiting its adverse effect on the therapy.Therefore, experts agree that medical nutrition should be an integral part of oncological treatment.


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  1. TRUTH AND MIT The best and most nutritious are home-made meals.

In the course of oncological treatment, for many oncological patients, the time comes when the traditional diet is unable to meet the increased demand for energy, protein and other nutrients.It is not without reason that many experts emphasize that one of the integral elements of treatment should be medical nutrition, that is the inclusion of specialized nutritional preparations (such as the Nutridrink type), which make it possible to supplement nutritional deficiencies.These preparations are in liquid form, are properly balanced, contain all the necessary nutrients and the right amount of energy in a small volume.As long as the patient can eat, it is possible to use them as a supplement to a normal diet and should be taken between meals.However, if necessary, some of these preparations can completely replace a normal diet or individual meals, for example when the patient has problems biting or swallowing.

  1. MIT Cancer can be starved.

28% of respondents agree with the statement that during cancer should be reduced intake of high-calorie products, vitamins and minerals, because they can accelerate the development of the disease.A fasting does not inhibit the development of cancer, but it can significantly worsen the patient’s condition.Malnutrition in the patient leads to the fact that the body has no fuel necessary to live and fight the disease.In order to obtain energy, the body uses its own supplies not only of body fat, but also of muscle tissue.As a consequence, it may result in extreme weakness, increased anorexia, lower pain threshold, and may lead to failure of many organs.The consequence of starving cancer may be postponing subsequent stages of therapy or even preventing treatment.


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