Peptic ulcer symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, heartburn.” Modern pharmacological agents effectively treat stomach ulcers, but this is not enough to avoid complaints. radically change your diet and learn to eat differently.
An ulcer diet (for ulcers, peptic ulcer disease) should be used by about 10% of the population – this number of people have this condition.
The diet for gastric and duodenal ulcers (in simplified peptic diet) is a easily digestible diet with the restriction of gastric acid stimulants.The purpose of its use is to provide the patient with all necessary nutrients while relieving the symptoms of abdominal pain, belching, heartburn and nausea.
Peptic ulcer disease affects about 10% of the population and is considered one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Therefore, in the diet of gastric and duodenal ulcers, it is recommended to limit the products and dishes that stimulate the secretion of hydrochloric acid. The diet is designed to neutralize gastric juice and not to irritate chemically, mechanically and thermally gastric mucosa.Food products should not stay long in the stomach and at the same time be easy to digest.
A typical menu of an ulcer diet is recommended during periods of exacerbation of the disease, pharmacological treatment and after surgical or endoscopic treatment of ulcer complications.
It is now claimed that the disease does not depend on the way the patient is fed, and also that there is no diet that would accelerate the healing of ulcers. Therefore, the diet is treated only as an element supporting surgical treatment.
Ulcer diet (for ulcers) – principles
In the exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease and during pharmacological treatment, the most important thing is to strongly reduce the products and foods that strongly stimulate the secretion of gastric juice.
These include natural coffee, also decaffeinated, strong tea, alcohol, carbonated drinks, essential broths, broths, bones and mushrooms, acid fruits, undiluted fruit and vegetable juices, marinated, smoked, fried, spicy, sour and too salty.
Diets must include products that inhibit the secretion of gastric juice, ie easily digestible fats – butter, cream, vegetable oils, olive oil, soft margarine, as well as weak sugar solutions, eg in the form of compotes.
It is also important to neutralize the action of hydrochloric acid – milk, non-acid cottage cheese, eggs, lean meat, fish. In peptic ulcer, you need to limit the products that irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach
thermally – dishes too cold and too hot, which stimulate gastrointestinal motility and cause gastric mucosal hypersecretion
mechanically – products with a high content of dietary fiber, thick cereal, wholemeal bread, wholemeal pasta, nuts, seeds, pulses, raw vegetables, fruits.They often cause dyspeptic symptoms – flatulence, crease, fullness
chemically – sour fruits, undiluted fruit and vegetable juices, smoked, marinated, spicy spices, ketchup, vinegar, mustard, salt
Energy in the diet should come to about 50% of carbohydrates, 30% from fat and 20% from protein.” The amount of protein increases slightly above physiological norm, because it binds excess of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
You should pay attention not to drink more than 0.7 l of milk per day. Initially, it has a protective effect on the stomach, but in larger amounts promotes the secretion of gastrin, which increases the secretory activity of the stomach.
In exacerbating the disease, foods should have a mushy consistency to reduce chewing, which enhances gastric secretion.
Meals should be eaten 5-6 times a day every 2-3 hours, their volume should be small so as not to burden the stomach, hence the need for frequent food, the last meal is recommended 1 hour before bedtime to prevent hunger pains.
A nutritious breakfast is a very important meal because it takes place after a long night of hunger. Meals should be eaten slowly, in a calm atmosphere, preferably at constant times of the day.
Dietetic breakfast – 5 simple recipes
The food should be eaten steamed or boiled in water and stewed without first frying, less often baked in parchment. The fat is added raw to the finished dishes.
Soups and sauces can be thickened with a flour and cream or milk suspension, fruit and vegetable juices best diluted with milk, soup-creams are recommended. Vegetables and fruits should be boiled or baked, initially served in crushed or peeled form.
During remission, it is possible to return to normal nutrition, eliminating only products whose eating gives unpleasant symptoms on the part of the digestive system.
However, you still need to pay attention to food that is hard to digest, bloating and causing heartburn, that is, the seeds of legumes, cabbage, onions, garlic, leeks, pickles, mushrooms, pears, cherries, cherries, plums, pickled fruits, dried fruit, nuts, products cured, smoked, marinated and fried dishes. People with peptic ulcer disease should quit smoking, drinking alcohol, drinking natural coffee, and avoid stressful situations as much as possible.
Ulcer diet (for ulcers) – vitamins and probiotics
Vitamin C – or ascorbic acid is a well-known agent with antioxidant activity, neutralizing free oxygen radicals. Presence in the gastrointestinal tract H.pylori – which is the most common cause of ulcers – leads to damage to gastric mucosa cells and the release of free radicals destroying the protective barrier of the stomach. A diet rich in vitamin C inhibits the growth of this bacterium and reduces the activity of urease – an enzyme produced by H.pylori responsible for its pathogenicity.The amount of vitamin C necessary for its therapeutic action is 5 g divided into doses and used for 4-5 weeks. present, among others, in the fruits of wild rose, parsley, red paprika, black currant
Vitamin E – in people infected with H.pylori, reduced amounts of vitamin E are observed in places where bacteria live.In studies in rats, it was shown that the administration of vitamin E to them prevents damage to the gastric mucosa resulting from oxidative stress.A good source of vitamins are vegetable oils, nuts and seeds, as well as spinach, pepper and tomatoes
β-carotene – provitamin A increases the resistance of the gastric mucosa to damage by stimulating the protective production of mucus.It has been observed that administration of 30,000 IU β-carotene daily to people with gastric ulcer leads to regression of the lesions.β-carotene is found in red, yellow and green vegetables and fruits
Probiotics – probiotic strains inhibit the growth or adhesion (attachment) of H.pylori to gastric epithelial cells.They also eliminate some of the side effects of antibiotics used to get rid of pathogenic bacteria from the stomach.Probiotic strains are found in silage and fermented milk beverages