Properties and nutritional values ​​of chickpeas

Chickpeas, chickpeas or chickpeas, have numerous health properties. Chickpeas, in addition to being a treasury of protein, in large quantities have other ingredients that prevent constipation, promote weight loss, lower blood pressure and cholesterol. In addition, it is considered an aphrodisiac. Check what other properties chickpeas have. 

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You can read also: How to provide the right amount of protein in a vegetarian diet?

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Chickpea, also known as chickpeas or chickpeas, is a legume whose health benefits have long been appreciated in the countries of the Mediterranean and the Middle East. In Arabic cuisine, chickpeas are used to make the famous falafels or humus, or spreads of bread. In Egypt chickpeas seeds are treated as an aphrodisiac because they have a strong stimulating effect.

There are two types of chickpea and desi chickpeas. Grains most often consumed variety, or kabuli, are large and have a cream color, while desi seeds are small and occur in many colors cream, red, black, brown, yellow and green. Each of these types of chickpeas is characterized by a slightly sweet and delicate flavor with a nutty note. 

Chickpeas a source of protein 

In 100 g cooked chickpeas is up to 8.86 g of protein, which has a relatively high nutritional value, including because it provides these amino acids that are not found in proteins found in cereal products. However, it can not be 100 percent. replace a wholesome protein of animal origin, e.g. milk protein. Specialists from the Institute of Food and Nutrition argue that in such a situation, it is enough to combine chickpeas (like all legumes) with other vegetable products in one meal (eg kasha) to create a good source of wholesome protein. 

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As doctors and dietitians convince, in an adult’s diet, half of the necessary amount of protein should be animal proteins and the other half of protein derived from plant foods. In turn, in the diet of children and adolescents and pregnant women and during breastfeeding, vegetable proteins should account for 1/3 of the amount of protein due. 

Chickpeas reduce blood pressure and cholesterol 

Chickpeas reduce the concentration of the so-called fraction bad cholesterol, which is the cause of atherosclerosis, and thus numerous heart diseases, among others coronary heart disease or heart attack. This is confirmed by research carried out by scientists at the Harvard School of Public Health on a group of 40,000 men, that daily high-dose fiber reduces the risk of coronary heart disease by as much as 40 percent. 

Chickpeas not only reduces the level of bad cholesterol, but also blood pressure. Potassium contained in it (291 mg / 100 g) makes the blood vessels more permeable, and thus the blood circulates freely, which in effect gives a drop in pressure. In addition, potassium speeds up the excretion of excess sodium from the body, which also helps reduce the pressure level. 

In addition, chickpeas, thanks to the iron content, prevent anemia. It can also be used as an aid in the treatment of anemia. It is also recommended to women during menstruation. 

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