Sage salvia (Salvia officinalis) is a plant originating from the regions of the Adriatic Sea. Its name derives from the Latin word salvus, which means health. It is grown on rocky, arid and sunny areas on the Adriatic, but also throughout Europe, and even in Africa and North America. In Poland, sage cultivation was initiated during the First World War. Until today, it is treated as one of the most important cultivated herbal plants.
Sage and its health properties were already known from ancient Rome and Greece, where it was even considered a magical plant. The infusion from its leaves was recommended for strengthening, stomach discomfort, back pain, vision problems and memory loss. Greeks and Romans also treated her with snake bites. In the Middle Ages it was recommended in fever, colds, constipation and liver diseases. To date, the medical sage is used in herbal medicine and cosmetology. So what are its properties and what makes it so valued medicinal plant?
What ingredients does sage have health properties for?
Sage contains compounds such as tannins, organic acids, flavonoids and phenols. It is rich in vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin C, B vitamins) and minerals (iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc). Sage leaves are rich in essential oils that are used in the production of sage oil.
Health properties of sage
Thanks to the content of valuable ingredients, sage has a number of health properties. It has a beneficial effect on
– circulatory system – reduces blood cholesterol levels and improves blood circulation,
– digestive system – regulates digestion, relieves bloating, has a choleretic effect,
– endocrine system – relieves premenstrual tension, regulates menstrual cycles, relieves symptoms of hyperthyroidism and menopause,
– immune system – helps in the treatment of infections, colds, inflammations of the throat,
– skin – helps in the treatment of acne, onychomycosis, psoriasis; heals thrush, aphthae and oral inflammation
Sage also has a calming effect, prevents mood swings, helps fight insomnia, reduces headaches, soothes nerves and improves mood.
Infusions of sage leaves
On the market sage is available in the form of dried leaves for the preparation of infusions and teas. Infusions of sage leaves regulate digestion, and the drinks regularly stimulate the appetite. The compounds contained in sage reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood, have a calming effect and help regulate premenstrual tension and menopausal symptoms. The sage infusion is also used to treat excessive sweating and in addition to inflammation and gastrointestinal catarrh.
Essential oils contained in sage leaves are used to produce sage oil. It has an antibacterial effect that is used to treat mine infections. Salmonella or E. coli strains. Demonstrating antiseptic activity, it can be used to treat inflammation of the skin, acne, aft and warts and bleeding gums. Sage oil is used in aromatherapy, inhalations, massages and skin care.
The use of sage in the kitchen
Fresh sage leaves are often used in gastronomy for preparing dishes. They are characterized by a pleasant smell and taste, thanks to which they give refreshments to the dishes. Sage perfectly blends with greasy dishes, which makes it easier to digest them. It is also added to fish dishes to neutralize their unpleasant odor. Often, sage leaves are used in the form of ornaments, min. desserts.
Contraindications in the use of sage
The use of sage during pregnancy and lactation can stop the formation of food, which should not be used by nursing and pregnant women. The use of antidepressants and anticoagulants is also a contraindication of sage use due to the possibility of reducing their effect.
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