Cabbage diet

Cabbage diet is one of the more popular slimming diets in our country. Although it is cheap, it is not time-consuming and does not require great sacrifices, it is not a diet recommended by dieticians and doctors. Why? What exactly is a cabbage diet? What are its assumptions? How fast are the effects? What are its side effects? What are the risks associated with this diet? There are many questions, we will try to answer them in the following article.

What is a cabbage diet?
Cabbage diet is a short, but very promising diet plan. It occurs under many names, the most popular of which is the presidential, Swedish or Canadian diet. The purpose of this diet (like other alternative diets) is to lose a significant number of kilos in a very short time. Therefore, this plan is extremely tempting for people who need quick results, and do not have time to rationally lose weight.

The cabbage diet has become popular several years ago. Apparently former Polish President Aleksander Kwaśniewski was her great supporter and thanks to her got rid of unnecessary kilograms. That’s where the name of the presidential diet came from.

Cabbage diet – a menu and recipe for cabbage soup
The basic ingredient of this diet is cabbage. Vegetable is valued because of its low energy value. The creators of the cabbage diet believe that it can be eaten without restrictions. They suggest eating as much as possible of cabbage soup. They explain their recommendations with the fact that there are only 25 kcal in 100 g of cabbage. White cabbage also contains a few carbohydrates 5.8 g / 100 g, with a large amount of dietary fiber 2.5 g / 100 g.

It is important, however, to remember about the proper preparation of meals. The diet allows you to eat vegetable soup based on cabbage, however, the traditional bigos with the addition of meat and fat is a strictly forbidden product.

At the very beginning it should be clearly stated that the menu of cabbage diet is extremely monotonous. Monocomponent diets are characterized by a small variety of meals due to the limited number of products allowed during their use. The basic meal of this diet is cabbage soup, which can be eaten without any restrictions. You can find the recipe below.

Cabbage soup

– 1 head of Italian or white cabbage – white cabbage (about 2000 g) was used in the recipe,
– 6 heads of chopped onion (500 g),
– red pepper (200 g),

– yellow pepper (200 g),
– 1 bunch of celery (400 g),
– 6 fresh tomatoes (850 g),
– 1 tablespoon of rapeseed oil (10 g),
– chilli spices, pepper, garlic, curry, dill, basil (very important – we do not add table salt).

A method of preparing

Wash the washed and cleaned vegetables into small cubes. Fry all but onions in a hot pan with rapeseed oil. Add the onion when the remaining vegetables are soft. Once all the ingredients have reached the desired softness, we put them into a pot with water and cook for about 1.5 hours. Once in a while, thoroughly mix the contents of the pot, so as not to burn the soup. At the end, add spices as desired. It is very important to remember not to add salt to the soup. To prevent monotony in the diet, the soup can be served in the form of a cream or with the addition of other low-calorie vegetables.

The nutritional value of one portion of soup

– 7.2 g protein,

– fats 2.4 g,

– 28.4 g carbohydrates,

– fiber 10.2 g.

The total energy value of one portion of soup 147 kcal.

Cabbage diet is characterized by high content of dietary fiber, so you can not forget about proper irrigation of the body. It is recommended to drink at least 2 liters of liquid each day. To vary the diet, you can also reach for natural vegetable juices, herbal infusions, green tea and coffee. However, you must forget about the use of sugar, the cabbage diet excludes it. The creators of the cabbage diet indicate that achieving amazing results (minus 3-6 kg per week) is possible only if we completely comply with the weekly menu schedule.

Cabbage diet – a weekly version of the menu
The first day of the cabbage diet opens the breakfast from the previously prepared soup, dinner looks just like that. The meals between them are snacks from raw vegetables and green tea and mineral water.

The second day begins with breakfast, steamed or raw vegetables are recommended. They can be any vegetables except legumes and corn. It is also important not to eat any fruit that day. We eat cabbage soup for dinner, and for dinner, we recommend two baked potatoes without addition of table salt.

The next day of the cabbage diet begins with a bowl of cabbage soup. On the third day, we also gradually introduce fruit, they are the basis for the second breakfast, as well as afternoon tea. The most effective is the consumption of fruits with high fiber content, e.g. grapefruits and oranges. At this stage, bananas are excluded! If the afternoon tea was not filling enough, you can eat a plate of cabbage soup for dinner. If we are full, we can let go of our last meal.

On the fourth day of the cabbage diet, we can afford to make our meals more varied. Breakfast is traditionally a cabbage soup, for the second course and dinner we introduce bananas forbidden earlier. For dinner on this day, it is suggested to drink two liters of skim milk or buttermilk and drink them with four glasses of mineral water.

The fifth day begins with cabbage soup as standard. On this day, lean meat also appears on the menu. It is recommended to prepare about 200 grams of lean beef or chicken fillet once. For dinner, eat 6 medium-sized tomatoes, which are washed down with at least 4 glasses of liquid (mineral water or tea).

The penultimate day of the diet begins with cabbage soup. For lunch, a portion of 200 g of lean meat or fish should be cooked with steam. Dinner is a large bowl of finely chopped green vegetables (lettuce, peppers, leeks, broccoli).

We start the seventh and last day of the diet like the rest. For lunch we cook brown rice and serve it with low-calorie vegetables. We do not eat a substantial meal for dinner, on the seventh day, a few glasses of fruit juice (without added sugar) are served, as well as a few glasses of still mineral water.

Cabbage diet – defects and opinions
Cabbage diet, although very popular, is not a diet recommended by dieticians and specialists. The position she has achieved among other alternative slimming diets is mainly due to her low price and ease of use. Another advantage is the small time needed to achieve your dream goal. The effects of this diet, although positive, may adversely affect the condition of our body, because after stopping the diet we return to the initial state. Before starting a cabbage diet, it is worth considering the risks associated with its use. The rapid loss of kilos resulting from a very large calorie deficit is a non-physiological process. The main disadvantages of the cabbage diet include the very common yo-yo effect.

Other disadvantages of this method of feeding are the aforementioned monotony, not every person is able to get used to the taste and smell of cabbage soup. People using a cabbage diet also often complain about too frequent urination, because cabbage has strong diuretic properties. This vegetable contains a significant amount of bloating substances, intensifies the processes of intestinal gas production. In addition to unpleasant dyspeptic symptoms, the cabbage diet also causes fatigue, irritability, general weakness and can cause headaches. It is also worth noting that it is a shortage diet, so it is not properly balanced – it does not cover our needs for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

Opinions about this diet are divided. She has many supporters and opponents. The effect of using this diet is often short-lived. The yo-yo effect in this case is a common phenomenon. Perhaps that’s why dietitians do not recommend this diet. Given its popularity, it is surprising that a small number of scientific publications and studies prove the effectiveness of such a model of nutrition. A person who wants to lose weight in a rational way, without the yo-yo effect, should think twice about it. Perhaps the lack of scientific reports on the effectiveness of this diet means that it is not taken seriously in the medical environment. It should be clearly stated that cabbage diets should not be strictly used by children and adolescents, pregnant women and nursing mothers, people with immunocompromised persons, as well as people with significant obesity.

Taking into account all opinions about the cabbage diet, it can be said that this diet is not a good or recommended way to lose unwanted kilograms. When using this diet, weight loss is only a result of water loss, not fat. In addition, the cabbage diet reduces the basic metabolism and does not cover the need for basic nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Losing weight on this diet is a non-physiological and unnatural process. The problem of obesity and overweight should not be treated on your own. Long-term results and health improvement can be provided by education of healthy eating habits, so you should go for a consultation with a dietitian.



The fruit of pomegranate has been known since antiquity, when it was considered a symbol of both fertility and abundance, immortality and sanctity. He was worshiped in many religions around the world. In folk medicine, it was used primarily to fight parasites. He was also supposed to help with aphthae, ulcers, diarrhea or febrile states. It was often used as a means to fight haemorrhage, dysentery, acidosis and microbial infections. In fact, all parts of the plant were used in Ayurveda – not only the fruit itself, but also the bark, flowers, leaves and even roots.

What is the pomegranate and where does it come from?
The family pomatia (Latin Punicaceae) and the order Myrtales (Latin Myrtales) belong only two species of flora. These are low trees, from 3 to a maximum of 7 meters, or shrubs whose leaves are opposite and single, prickly branches, and bisexual flowers of a strongly intense red color 2. The fruits of these plants resemble our native apples.

The most well-known species from the aforementioned pair is pomegranate (Latin Punica granatum), also known as the bush or tree of pomegranate or proper pomegranate. It probably comes from Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia . Currently, its cultivation covers the Mediterranean, India, Malaysia, Southeast Asia, and it can easily be found even in China, Japan, Russia and the United States, mainly in California and on Arizona areas.

Depending on the place where it grows, it can have different sizes, maturation time, juice volume and dose of other ingredients. It grows easily on barren soil, although the best ones are fertile, clayey and humus-rich . It tolerates a wide temperature range. He is not afraid of frosts, including those reaching even minus 15 degrees Celsius.

Pomegranate fruit only after four years. Fruits reach full maturity in late autumn and can weigh even about a kilogram. From this amount you can get about 500 to 750 g of juice. One tree or shrub can spend up to 50 kg of pomegranate at a time. It is a product that gets to know thanks to the purple, later dark blue skin with irregular cracks. Inside it, there are up to 1000 to 1,300 granular seeds in the chambers 2. The second not significant in economic terms is Punica protopunica, which can be found only on the island of Socotra belonging to South Yemen 2.

Nutritional values ​​of pomegranate
Three independent research staffs worked on determining the nutritional value of the pomegranate from 2010. The final chemical composition of the fruit is influenced by many factors, including, first of all, the variety, climate, growing conditions, the maturity of the harvested crop and the manner in which it is stored.

It was finally determined that the product in question is characterized by low calorific value ranging between 65 kcal and up to about 78 kcal in 100 g raw material. Among the macronutrients, carbohydrates boast the most. There are from 1.5 g to 18.7 g in 100 g, while the protein content does not exceed even 2 g, and lipids oscillate in the value of about 1 g. The pomegranate also contains quite a large amount of fiber, in 100 g it is from g up to 5 g. The fruit described is also a great treasure trove of many micronutrients. The most important are vitamin C, E, pantothenic acid, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus .

Half the weight of a pomegranate is his skin. Interestingly, it is practically the most important part of this product, because it is where we find bioactive components that are extremely important for human health, such as phenolic compounds, among them flavonols, elagotannins and proanthocyanidins. In turn, the edible part of this raw material is made up of 0% of the weight of fruit and seeds, whose weight fraction does not exceed 10%.

Regarding the chemical composition of the main part of the grenade, which is possible to consume, in fact 85% of its content is water. The rest is made up of fructose, glucose and pectin. The most important ingredient in terms of health are organic acids, including ascorbic, lemon and apple, as well as flavonoids and anthocyanins. Seeds are mainly a rich source of lipids, largely those from the polyunsaturated family, such as linoleic and linolenic acid. Other fats that build popular pomegranate seeds include stearic, punic, oleic and palmitic acids. Pomegranate oil accounts for almost 20% of the weight of seeds. The other components of their mass are protein, sugars, dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, polyphenols, and mainly of genistein belonging to isoflavones .

Both the juice of the described product and the fruit itself are the source of many bioactive compounds. According to the results of the research by Apkinar-Bayizit from 2012 and Lansky and Newmann from 2007, nectar contains anthocyanins, ellagic, gallic, caffeine, epigallocatechin gallate, quercetin, rutin, citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, fumaric acid, amber acid , chlorogenic, p-coumaric acid, quinoline, catechins, epicatechin, glucoside, cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin.

In turn, based on the results of Wang’s 2010 and Yasuja experience from 2012, pomegranate fruit and seeds have in their composition catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin gallate, flavan-3-ole, kaempferol, luteolin, naringin, pelargonidine, prodelphinidine, quercetin, rutin, hydroxybenzoic acid, ellagic, caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric acid, quinic acid, punikalagine, corilagin, pedagulagin, telimagrandin, delphinidin, epigallocatechin, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside and kaempferol 3-O-rhamnoglucoside. All these ingredients make it despite the inconspicuous appearance of this product in an amazing way that supports human health .

The effect of pomegranate on health
Thanks to the richness of vitamins, minerals and bioactive compounds, pomegranate has an extremely positive and diverse effect on the human body and its functioning. This product is known for its numerous health properties, thanks to which it works both prophylactically and therapeutically. The most important and most popular health properties include antioxidant, cardioprotective, hypoglycemic, anti-cancer and support the development and growth of beneficial microorganisms .

The antioxidant potential of this fruit has been the subject of many scientists’ research for many years. However, it was discovered that not every grenade has the same antioxidant effect, because it depends on its variety, degree of maturity, climatic conditions in which it grew and a specific component of the plant, which was taken into account in the given experiment.

In 2002, during one of the experiments, it was discovered that the pomegranate skin extract is characterized by a greater antioxidant capacity than the solution prepared from its seeds. This study used the ability of substances contained in the described plant to quench the action of a specific product resulting from oxidative stress known as DDPH. Its full name is the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical. After 5 years, in another experiment, it was observed that the food product created from crushed fruits has 20 times more antioxidant capacity than the apple-juice.

One of the most interesting studies was carried out in 2000. Four methods of checking antioxidative capabilities such as ABTS, DPPH, DMPD and FRAP were taken into account in it. The obtained results confirmed up to 3 times higher antioxidant capacity of juice from the described fruit compared to red wine and green tea.

In turn, the experience conducted by Sudheesh and Vijayalakshmi on a group of laboratory rats administered isolated pomegranate flavonoids showed that these animals were characterized by a smaller amount of compounds that are biomarkers in assessing the changes associated with the oxidation of lipids, such as hydroperoxides and malondialdehyde, in the liver , heart and rodent kidneys. In addition, it was observed that among the individuals that were used in the experiment increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and glutathione reductase in the above-mentioned organs.

In the case of a study conducted with the participation of humans, it was unequivocally proved that giving the volunteers an extract of the described fruit in the form of capsules led to a greater antioxidant capacity of plasma by as much as 31.8% after only 30 minutes from taking the preparation .

Tannins and anthocyanins, which are rich in pomegranate fruit, also have antiatherosclerotic properties. Experiences on this subject were conducted both on animals and with the participation of people. The results of the research most often underlined the role of the juice of the described product and its unambiguous effect on the drop in systolic pressure. In one experiment conducted on wistar rats, which were characterized by high blood pressure induced by subcutaneous administration of the protein hormone, angotensin II, the animals received 100 mg of pomegranate juice per kilogram of body weight for weeks. As a result of this action, a drop in blood pressure in rodents was observed.

In another study, the results clearly indicated that the administration of nectar for one year to people with atherosclerosis in whom carotid artery stenosis occurred resulted in a 30% reduction in intima and middle thickness of the above-mentioned site with an 83% increase in enzyme activity that inhibits the oxidation of LDL cholesterol molecules, i.e. paraoxonase-1 abbreviated as PON-1 (called Serum paraoxonase / arylesterase 1).

An interesting experiment aimed at confirming the anti-atherosclerotic action of the juice of the described fruit consisted in consuming for weeks by a group of patients 800 mg of oil from the seed of the product. In these patients a statistically significant decrease in the amount of triglycerides and a decrease in the ratio of the mentioned lipid molecules to the so-called good HDL cholesterol. The results of this experiment coincide with the study conducted by Esmaillzadeh, which was to test the effect of drinking concentrated pomegranate nectar on the lipid profile of patients with type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia. In these subjects, a reduction in the amount of total cholesterol, LDL and a decrease in the ratio of these substances to HDL was observed.

In addition, other experiments have shown that using both the extract of the described fruit and the juice itself leads to a large reduction in the expression of vasculitis markers such as thrombospondin, TSP (thrombospondin), and transforming beta-growth factor, i.e. TGF-β (ang. transforming growth factor β), with the simultaneous increase in nitric oxide in blood plasma .

Many scientists over the years also conducted observations to prove or exclude the effect of pomegranate on the decrease in glucose. Thus, the experiment on wistar rats allowed to note that the administration of an aqueous extract from the skin of the described fruit in the amount of 200 mg per kilogram of body mass leads in rodents to the reduction of sugar in the plasma. In a very similar experiment, where the same animals with diagnosed diabetes were given a rich polyphenol-rich solution for 10 days, it was found that it led to a decrease in fasting glucose and at the same time caused an increase in insulin concentration.

In a further study in rats with glycemic disturbances induced by streptozotocin, rodent consumption of pomegranate seeds of 300 and 600 mg per kilogram body weight resulted in a reduction in blood sugar by 7% and 52 in just 12 hours. %. However, in an experiment in mice, which was supplemented with oil from the described plant rich in linolenic acid, this effect positively influenced the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, thanks to which the risk of developing full-type type 2 diabetes mellitus decreased in these animals.

Another experiment in which the same rodent species were used consisted of feeding them with a pomegranate solution. This led to a decrease in serum resistin, a substance that is involved in the development of insulin resistance.

Human studies have only partially produced positive results. In one of them, it was proved that drinking juice from the described fruit by patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes results in a reduction in the amount of fasting glucose while reducing insulin resistance. In the next, however, where sick people consumed 50 ml of drink a day for months, neither the improvement of fasting glycemia nor the greater sensitivity of tissues to the pancreatic β-cell hormone occurred. The glycosylated hemoglobin A1c of patients did not change either.

Many scientists also began to wonder whether this wonderful fruit, containing so many bioactive compounds, may also have its share in inhibiting the development and prevention of cancer. The results of the experiments confirm that in the case of prostate cancer, both the described seed oil and juice prevent further development of the disease. In addition, it was observed that whole fruit extracts had better antitumor activity than solutions from particular parts of the pomegranate. In turn, research on breast cancer shows that the substances contained in the plant are responsible for stopping the angiogenesis, invasiveness and enlargement of cancer cells, which simultaneously leads to their self-destruction.

In other colon disease experiments, it was observed that patients after nectar in the colon release elagotanine and urolithin, ie components responsible for reducing the risk of cancer of a given organ by inhibiting the development of cancer cells and bringing them to apoptosis. In addition, in the data part you can find information that the grenade also works in the prevention and treatment of leukemia and liver diseases on the background of cancer .

Most of the experiments regarding the properties of the described fruit concerned its role in stopping the development of microorganisms. Probably the antibacterial abilities of this product are associated with anthocyanins in their composition, which are also responsible for the antioxidant capabilities of the pomegranate. The data collected on the basis of numerous studies indicate that the fruit mentioned above has a severe destructive effect on Staphylococcus aureus, or Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, also known as the pseudomonas, as a result of punikalagin, which is found in the skin of the product. It was also observed that solutions from this part of the fruit negatively affect the growth of other bacteria, such as Proteus vulgaris, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Listeria monocytogenes or Yersinia enterocolitica.

Other experiments also confirmed that the product extracts also inhibit the development of periodontal pathogenic microorganisms. Interestingly, pomegranate solutions that destroy strains hazardous to health, at the same time support the growth and development of probiotic bacteria inhabiting, for example, intestinal walls in humans, mainly from the family of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium .

Where was the pomegranate fruit used?
Due to its numerous properties and rich chemical composition, the pomegranate fruit has been used in various industries. The best documented is its use by the food, leather and cosmetics industry.

As far as the first of the above-mentioned products is concerned, the product is primarily used to create juices, wine, jams, preserves, jellies, dried seeds, as well as syrups and liqueurs. . Of the punch and alcohol produced from this fruit, the Caucasus regions are particularly well known 2 .

Although not the grenade itself, but the leaves and bark of the trunks and roots of the tree on which it grows, thanks to the high content of tannins are used for the production of safian, or delicate skin, which is used to create exclusive shoes or women’s handbags. It is also often used to cover furniture and even create a unique setting for books. Interestingly, thanks to the colors obtained from fruit cover, eastern carpets are so enchanting. These dyes also produce ink for body dyeing. Intensive shades extracted from the flowers of this plant are also used to make the fabrics of linen, cotton, silk and wool 2 more attractive.

When it comes to the cosmetics industry, it is an industry that is constantly developing and, according to the expectations of consumers, creates more and more exclusive products based on natural substances. 1. The skin and pomegranate due to their anti-inflammatory effect and preventing discoloration in the human skin are an increasingly frequent component of numerous skin care products. The research conducted on hairless guinea pigs, which were administered with the extract of the mentioned ingredients, and at the same time irradiated with UV rays, showed that the compounds contained in the product also reduce pigmentation.

Another experience, in turn, confirmed that pomegranate polyphenols counteract the aging of the skin caused by UVB radiation. It has also been proven that they inhibit the activity of peroxidase in the connective tissue, which makes them antioxidant. 5. Importantly, they are also used to prolong the durability of cosmetics, especially creams, shampoos and lotions. In turn, extracts from tanning agents are used in sunscreen, antiacne preparations and foot cosmetics 1 due to their astringent effect.

Interestingly, the oil from the seeds of the described fruit also found its place in the cosmetics industry. Thanks to the fact that it contains significant amounts of punic acid from the omega-5 family, it destroys the free radicals to a large extent. In addition, it has a soothing and renewing effect. An important component of this liquid fat are also polyunsaturated lipids, often called vitamin F. They are mainly linolenic acid in an amount of 0.2%, oleic acid in a concentration of 7.7% and linoleic in a dose of 9.8%. They affect the faster regeneration of the skin, as well as its good nourishment, moisturizing and refreshing 5. That is why they found themselves in preparations for the treatment of sunburn and wounds. They are also used in the presence of rosacea. In turn, mature skin has a rejuvenating and anti-wrinkle effect 1.

Contraindications, that is, the grenade is good for everyone
Unfortunately, despite its great properties, the grenade can not be used with impunity and any time of the day by people who take drugs permanently because it significantly affects their metabolism. The importance of consuming juices based on the described fruit is particularly emphasized here. Observations from numerous studies show that beverages from tropical products in various ways inhibit the action of cytochrome P50, which in the liver takes part in the direct detoxification and processing of drugs taken.

Among the nectars from such ingredients as papaya, kiwi, mango, passion fruit, pitai, white grapefruit, orange, carambola and rambutan, the strongest inhibitory effect on the aforementioned substances showed, among others, grenade 3. Inhibition of cytochrome P50 function strengthens the action of the taken medicinal preparations, especially those containing statins, which are found even in tablets for cholesterol 7. Other contraindications for the consumption of beverages or fruit in the unprocessed form include hyperacidity, peptic ulceration or gastritis 6.

Should a pomegranate really be part of a well-balanced diet?
Both pomegranate and juice produced from this fruit are currently not very popular products in the daily diet of the average Pole. This is probably due to the low awareness of how good both preventive and curative properties bring about the regular consumption of this plant. In addition, it is a great support in the treatment of both people with already diagnosed cancer, as well as those who are in an increased risk group.

Pomegranate can also be successfully used in patients with impaired glycemia or bad lipid profile – however, it must be stressed that eating this fruit will not replace conventional therapy.

Especially for hours of consumption of this product should be considered by people with chronic diseases, which force them to daily consuming drugs. In order to prevent the interaction between pomegranate or its juice and adopted tablets, especially those containing statins, a minimum of 2 hours should be allowed between the pharmaceutical and the food containing the product described.


Caloric demand

On the Internet, we can find a lot of different ready-made diets. However, it is worth taking into account the fact that these are only examples (outlines) published by other people for whom the given diet was written. Unfortunately, each of us is different, and the diet should be consistent with our state of health, age, weight, height, physical activity and the goal we want to achieve. Therefore, copying ready-made diets is not a good idea. It is worth calculating your own needs and adjusting your diet to individual needs. In the article, I will tell you how to do it correctly.

Golden Sweetz

Caloric demand – what exactly is it?

Caloric demand, or total metabolism (CPM), is the amount of energy (kilocalories) that must be delivered each day together with food to our body. Knowing the value of CPM is necessary to plan your diet.

However, we must realize that the calculated CPM value will only be estimated. We are not able to calculate 100% exact demand. Everything becomes clear when we start to use the diet. Then, we can actually introduce any changes that will help us refine the diet. However, before we get into patterns, a few words about basic metabolism (PPM), which is the foundation of CPM.

BMR – basic metabolism

The Complete Cookie

The basic metabolism (PPM, also known as BMR) is the number of kilocalories we need to sustain basic life functions and the proper functioning of the body. We can include them among others physiological processes, breathing, sleep, digestion, maintaining the correct body temperature. The higher the PPM value, the higher the caloric demand.

Caloric demand calculator – is it worth it?
On the Internet, we can find many calculators that are used to calculate the demand, you can use them the most. It is important, however, to choose the right calculator. I recommend using calculators based on Mifflin or Harris-Benedict patterns.

Calculate your daily caloric demand – methods

There are several methods to calculate the demand, but I will try to present to you the simplest and the one that I consider the best.

Method 1
The simplest pattern, but not precise

1. Multiply weights × 24 hours = we get BMR (basic caloric demand)
2. BMR × activity coefficient = FINAL RESULT

An example calculation for a person weighing 80 kg, who performs physical work and trains 4 times a week

BMR 80 kg × 24 = 1920

1920 × 1.7 = 3264 kcal

Activity coefficients

1.0 – lying or sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity,
1,2 – sitting work, low level physical activity,
1,4 – non-physical work, training twice a week,
1.6 – light physical work, training 3-4 times a week,
1.8 – physical work, training 5 times a week,
2.0 – hard physical work, daily training.

The coefficients given above are only roughly used to determine our activity. For example – a person who works physically, but only trains twice a week, should determine his ratio in the range of 1.4-1.6.

Method 2

Carb Killa Bar

I will use a method here that I consider to be one of the best when it comes to calculating demand. It is not the simplest, and as I mentioned earlier, it is not 100% accurate, because we are not able to perfectly calculate the demand, although this method is in my opinion the closest to the ideal.

To calculate our total daily calorific demand (TDEE – total daily energy expenditure) we will use the following formula


BMR – basic metabolism. According to the Mifflina formula, we calculate it as follows

BMR = (9.99 × weight (kg)) + (6.25 × height (cm)) – (4.92 × age) – 161
BMR = (9.99 × weight (kg)) + (6.25 × height (cm)) – (4.92 × age) + 5
EAT (excercise activity thermogenesis) – kilocalories burned by physical activity

Strength training
7-9 kcal per minute depending on the intensity.
Aerobic training
5-10 kcal per minute depending on the intensity.
TEF (thermic effect of food) – thermal effect of food
6-15% TDEE.
NEAT (non-exercise activity thermogenesis) – kilocalories burned during everyday activities
It is energy spent in everyday activities not related to sleep and intentional exercises, such as walking, housework, singing, etc. Without access to specialized equipment, we can calculate the value of NEAT by keeping a diary of activities performed for a certain period of time. Each of the activities is assigned an energy equivalent.

MET (metabolic equivalent) is defined as the resting level of energy transformation, i.e. the amount of oxygen that is used by the body during eg sitting motionless in silence and calm for one minute (for a person with a body weight of 70 kg it will be around 3, 5 ml of oxygen, which gives 1.2 kcal). If an activity has, for example, 2 MET, it means that you need twice as much oxygen to do it for a minute (twice as many kilocalories). It can be assumed that 1 MET = 1 kcal / kg body weight / hour. It is worth using the table in which MET values ​​for various activities are given.
Male, 18 years old, 80 kg, 178 cm tall, 4 intensive strength training sessions per week for 60 minutes.

1. Basic metabolism (BMR)
BMR = (9.99 × 80 (kg)) + (6.25 × 178 (cm)) – (4.92 × 18) + 5 = 1828.14 kcal
2. Calories burned during physical activity (EAT)
Strength training – 4 × 60 min × 8 = 1920 kcal
The result from point 2 is divided by 7 (days of the week) = 274 kcal
We sum up the results from points 1 and 2.
(BMR) 1828.1 kcal + (EAT) 274 kcal = 2102.14 kcal
We add NEAT
about 500 kcal + 2102.14 = 2602.14
We add the thermal effect of food (TEF)
TDEE = 2602.14 kcal + (0.1 × 2602.14) ≈ 2862 kcal

Such a number of kilocalories should be consumed by the indicated man to maintain body mass. Depending on whether our goal is to expand muscle mass or reduce body fat, add 200-300 kcal to our total daily requirement or subtract them.


A person whose goal is to develop muscle mass
(TDEE) 2862 kcal + 300 kcal = 3162 kcal
A person whose goal is to reduce body fat
(TDEE) 2862 kcal – 300 kcal = 2562 kcal

I have introduced to you the method that is the fastest and the simplest when calculating demand, and the method that I consider to be one of the best in this respect. However, as I have already mentioned, we are not able to calculate the 100% accuracy of demand, therefore the most important is the constant control of your body weight and body shape. I am in favor of gradually subtracting or adding kilocalories, which allows better control of progress. If, for example, from 2862 kcal we subtracted 300 kcal and after some time no effects are visible, body mass stops, we subtract another 200 kcal.


Your caloric demand

Many athletes believe that the silhouettes are not built at the gym, but in the kitchen. As much as 80% of the success of our figure we owe to what and in what quantities we eat. The remaining 20% ​​is hard work at the gym, which allows us to shape your dream figure.

Many novice athletes ask themselves how many days I should eat to build muscle mass? How to eat to lose excess fat in the body? Below you will find a simple step-by-step calculation that will allow you to calculate how many macronutrients you should supply your body per day.

What is my caloric demand?
First of all, you should start by establishing your Basic Metabolism (PPM). It is nothing but the minimum amount of calories needed to maintain the vital functions of your body. To explain the calculations, let’s take a person who does not practice a sport weighing 100 kg.

Pattern for PPM

PPM = 24h x your weight

That is PPM = 24 x 100 kg

For a person weighing 100 kg, the daily PPM is therefore 2,400 kcal.

The next step in our calculations is adding a coefficient of our daily activity, which ranges from 1.1 (very poor physical activity) to 1.5 (you are a very physically active person). Because our ward is just starting his adventure with sport, he set his physical activity level to the lowest, ie 1.1.

Substituting to the pattern

PPM = 24 x 100 = 2400 Kcal x 1.1 = 2640 kcal

2640 kcal – that’s how many calories a day our protector needs to provide his body so that its weight stays in place.

Building muscle mass or reduction?
If we want to build muscle mass, we should first add 300 kcal to our calculations. If we want to reduce body fat, we should subtract 300 kcal from our PPM.

Our ward decided to throw away unnecessary kilograms, which is why we will deduct 300 kcal from his PPM.

PPM = 2640 kcal – 300 Kcal = 2340 kcal

In the case of reduction, the weight per week should drop to the maximum about 1 kg. In the case of building muscle mass, the weight within two weeks should increase by a maximum of 0.5 kg. If this is not the case and your weight is standing still and the circuits do not change, add / subtract 200 kcal and observe the behavior of your body.

How much do I need macronutrients per day?

First, let’s start with the protein. For our body, we should provide 1.5 to 2 grams of protein for each kg of body weight. Our mentee assumed that for each kg of body he will deliver 1.5 g / kg.


Protein = factor x weight

B = 1.5 g / kg x 100 kg = 150 g

1 g protein = 4 kcal

B = 150 gx 4 kcal = 600 kcal

The next step is fats. We should provide 0.5 to 1 g of fat for every kilogram of body weight. Our ward decided to deliver 1 g / kg of fat to his body.


Fat factor x weight

T 1 g / kg x 100 kg = 100 g

1 g fat = 9 kcal

T = 100 gx 9 kcal = 900 kcal

We calculate carbohydrates by subtracting proteins and fats from PPM


PPM carbohydrates – protein – fats

W = 2340 kcal – 600 kcal – 900 kcal

W = 840 kcal

1 g W = 4 kcal

W = 840 kcal / 4 kcal = 210 g

Our ward must deliver to his body

B 150 g (600 kcal)

T 100 g (900 kcal)

In 210 g (840 kcal).





Although watermelon is not a fruit of Polish origin, it is extremely popular with us. It owes its popularity to the sweet taste and the fact that it perfectly quenches thirst. The increase in the consumption of watermelons is noted in particular during the summer. That’s when we feel like it. In addition to the sweet flesh of watermelons for food and medicinal purposes, you can also use their seeds and a thick fleshy skin. Have you ever wondered what nutritional and health properties these fruits characterize?

Watermelon – a few words about the species
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant of the cucurbits family. It comes from the areas of South Africa, where you can meet her in both wild and breeding. The first mention of the cultivation of watermelon appeared about 1500 BC. In our lands, this fruit appeared in the fourteenth century thanks to the Teutonic Order.

Currently, the demand for watermelon fruit is very large. To meet the demand for these sweet fruits, large watermelon plantations began to be established in countries such as Spain, Portugal, Italy, Croatia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, China, and many, many others. The climate of our country is not conducive to the cultivation of watermelons, but it does not mean that we can not grow these fruits from us. A dozen or so enterprises in our country produce watermelons in large greenhouses, however, native crops are less sweet and juicy than fruits from southern Europe and Africa.

Watermelon is characterized by a creeping stem, which in favorable climatic conditions can reach a length of up to 6 meters. The large leaves of the plant are equipped with a mustache. Flowers in appearance resemble pumpkin flowers, grow individually, most often are found in yellow or light green. One mature plant produces up to 30 female flowers and up to 400 male flowers during flowering. The fruits of watermelon are massive berries with a characteristic sweet red flesh (mesocarp). There are also varieties with orange, white and yellow flesh. At the end of the growing season, the plant sets up seeds, the color of which, similarly to the color of the fruit, varies depending on the variety.

Watermelon – nutritional values Prenatal Multi Gummies
The English name of watermelon, or watermelon, perfectly describes its properties. This fruit consists of more than 90% water. This property means that watermelon is not the best source of nutrients. However, it can be classified as a low energy food. In 100 grams of watermelon, there is about 37 kcal (for comparison, pineapple has 54 kcal / 100 g, apple 47 kcal / 100 g, and orange 44 kcal / 100 g).

Watermelon – health properties of the flesh, pips, and shells
The health properties of watermelons outweigh its nutritional value. The minerals and antioxidant compounds contained in them have a strong antioxidant effect. The cardioprotective effect is attributed to them. The carotenoids contained in the watermelon, responsible for the red-orange color of the flesh, are very strong antioxidants. The most active compound with such properties in the watermelon is lycopene. This substance prevents the adverse oxygen metabolism of cholesterol, it also has a strong anti-teratogenic effect. It is a powerful scavenger of free radicals that lead to chemical and mechanical damage to the walls of blood vessels. Watermelons reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, reduce the risk of heart attack, atherosclerosis, and stroke.

In addition to antioxidant compounds, citrulline also occurs in watermelons. This substance is an ornithine derivative belonging to the group of endogenous amino acids. Citrulline was first isolated from watermelon fruit. This substance is appreciated primarily by athletes. However, this amino acid does not affect building muscle mass. It is used to increase the efficiency of the urea cycle in which ammonia is neutralized. Also, citrulline has scientifically proven anti-catabolic activity, which means increased protection of muscle tissue against its destruction or breakdown. It was also shown that citrulline reduces the intensity of the so-called soreness.

The high content of water in watermelons affects its diuretic and detoxicating effects. The consumption of watermelon is recommended for those who are feverish and dehydrated. Both the juice and pulp of the watermelon perfectly hydrate the body and provide the electrolytes and carbohydrates necessary for proper functioning. Watermelons also reduce the intensity of unpleasant ailments that occur the day after consuming excessive amounts of alcohol.

In addition to juice and flesh, healing properties are attributed to both its pips and thick, fleshy shell. Small seeds of watermelon deserve special attention, in their composition, they contain about 30% protein and 50% fat, moreover, they have a higher concentration of healing substances than pulp and watermelon juice. Scientific research carried out all over the world has proven that watermelon seeds have antibacterial and antifungal activity, are helpful in case of infections and gastrointestinal infections, as well as reduce the intensity of diarrhea. They have a soothing effect in catarrh of the respiratory system and alleviate the symptoms of skin diseases. Recent scientific studies have provided evidence of the effective action of watermelon seed extract in the treatment of bacterial, viral and fungal infections (including E. coli, among others). Other studies have shown that watermelon seeds have strong anti-inflammatory properties and also support the treatment of prostate diseases. In turn, watermelon shell is an excellent source of dietary fiber, in its white part contains the largest part of the aforementioned citrulline.

Watermelon – interesting facts
Currently, there are over 1,200 varieties of watermelons in the world, they are bred in more than 100 countries, and the world’s largest watermelon suppliers are China, Turkey, Brazil, Iran, and Egypt.

During the communist era, Polish authorities did not recognize imported products from abroad. The watermelon, however, was liked so much that it was not banned from its import. The authorities, however, tried to change its name to another, less exotic. The name, however, was not accepted by consumers and continued to use the name watermelon.

The Guinness World Record in the category of the largest watermelon in the world was beaten in 1990 by farmer Bill Carson from the United States. He managed to grow a real giant – the watermelon from his plantation weighed 118 kg.

Watermelon – recipes for tasty dishes and desserts
Although watermelon is an extremely sweet fruit, it can become a component of many interesting dishes (not necessarily desserts). We have prepared a few tasty recipes for dry dishes and desserts and cocktails with his participation. Try to cook them in your kitchens. You will find that you can use watermelon in many interesting ways, and in each of the scenes, it will taste different. Always, however, delicious.

Salad with watermelon, avocado, and grilled chicken breast
Ingredients for 1 serving
– 2 handfuls of fresh spinach,
– one handful of rocket salad,
– ½ avocado,
– 100 g chicken breasts,
– 100 g of watermelon,
– 1 tablespoon of pine nuts,
– ½ lime juice,
– 1 clove of garlic,
– olive oil,
– pepper, salt, red pepper powder,
– thickened balsamic vinegar.

A method of preparing
Let’s rinse lettuce and spinach in cold water, gently dry. Cut the avocado from the skin, cut into slices – sprinkle them with lime juice to keep their nice green color. Wash the chicken breast, cut into slices. Marinate for approx. 20 minutes in a marinade with a few drops of balsamic vinegar, oil pressed by a garlic press, sweet peppers, pepper, and salt. During this time, cut the watermelon into cubes and roast pine nuts in a frying pan. The chicken breast meat is grilled in a grill pan. When it’s ready, mix all the ingredients, sprinkle lightly with olive oil and pour in thick balsamic vinegar.

The salad is ready to eat!

A refreshing watermelon and mint smoothie
Ingredients for 2 servings
– 500 g of watermelon,
– 100 g raspberries,
– 100 ml of carbonated water,
– 10 mint leaves,
– ½ lemon juice,
– 1 tablespoon of xylitol (optional),
– a few ice cubes.

A method of preparing
Wash all the fruits, cut the watermelon into slices, clean the seeds. Place fruit in a high container, pour water, squeeze juice from half a lemon. Put a few ice cubes and mint leaves. The whole blends to obtain a homogeneous mass. If the whole thing seems too sour, add a tablespoon of xylitol, mix thoroughly.

A simple protein cheesecake with watermelon
Ingredients for 6 servings
– 500 g of lean curd cheese,
– 200 g of natural yogurt,
– 500 g of watermelon,
– 10 tablespoons of xylitol/honey,
– 1 tablespoon of vanillin sugar,
– 4 tablespoons of gelatin food/agar.

A method of preparing
Cottage cheese is blended with natural yogurt, xylitol, vanillin sugar, and diced watermelon. We pour gelatine with a few tablespoons of cold water, wait a few minutes for it to swell, and mix with the watermelon mass. Set aside in a cool place for several hours and wait until it is concentrated. The cheesecake can be served with fresh raspberry fruit, raspberry leaves or vanilla ice cream.

Health & Beauty Healthcare

Vegetarian diet

Vegetarianism is a way of feeding, which in both India and the Middle East, where it originated, has been known for many years. Recently, it has become more and more popular all over the world. People interested in healthy eating often choose vegetarianism as a healthy lifestyle. Is it right? What exactly does vegetarianism consist of? What are its types? Is it safe? What should especially pay attention to people who are already on a vegetarian diet or wanting to start their adventure with this way of nutrition?

Vegetarian diet – characteristics and types
A vegetarian diet is an alternative way of eating, which excludes from the menu products of animal origin such as meat, fish or seafood, and in some of its types also dairy products, eggs, honey and any food products that may contain even traces of these ingredients.

There are many varieties of vegetarianism. There can be distinguished Lacto-ovo-vegetarianism, lactovegetarianism, Lacto-ovo-vegetarianism and strict vegetarianism, veganism. The group of vegetarian diets also includes the macrobiotic diet, raw vegetarianism, and fruitarianism, while they are much less frequently used and because of the huge restrictions that they have, it would be more appropriate to determine their dietary habits of vegans. Each of the above-mentioned diets has a different food scheme. The table below presents the table of products consumed and eliminated in particular types of vegetarian diets.

In this article, when talking about a vegetarian diet, I will refer to the lacto-vegetarian diet.

Vegetarian diet – what to eat?
A healthy, well-balanced vegetarian diet should primarily be based on whole-grain cereal products such as bread, whole-grain pasta, wholegrain rice, thick cereal, quinoa, as well as all kinds of oatmeal, buckwheat, barley or millet. It is estimated that they should be consumed in the amount of 6-10 portions during the day.

The next extremely important food products in the vegetarian diet are, of course, vegetables and fruits. The vegetarian diet should include vegetables in the amount of 4-7 portions per day, with 2-3 portions should be green leafy vegetables. Fruit, however, as in the case of the classic model of nutrition, it is recommended to consume in slightly smaller quantities than vegetables.

Vegetarians should consume 1-2 portions of fresh fruit and 1-2 portions of dried fruit. In the diet of people excluding meat and fish, the basic source of protein is dairy products and legume seeds. This diet should include 3 portions of dairy products, which include, for example, milk, kefir, yogurts, cottage cheese, cheese or fortified vegetable milk and 2-3 servings of such products such as chickpeas, beans, lentils, peas, broad beans, tofu, peanut butter or almond butter.

The last on the list of products necessary in the vegetarian diet are nuts, seeds, and fats. No vegetarian can forget to include 1-2 servings of nuts and seeds in a daily diet and 2-3 servings of fat, which may come, among others from olive oil, linseed oil, rapeseed oil or sunflower oil. For each vegetarian, supplementation is extremely important, but more precisely in the further part of the article.

Vegetarian diet – slimming
A vegetarian diet scheme is chosen for a variety of reasons. Some decide to use the diet for ideological reasons, while others decide on health, and still, others want to get rid of unnecessary kilograms. Exactly – is the vegetarian diet a good way to reduce body weight? Of course. Reports indicate that people using a vegetarian diet have a lower body mass index and are leaner.

Properly balanced vegetarian diet provides less cholesterol or saturated fatty acids. In addition, vegetarians consume more vegetables and fruits and are based on whole-grain cereal products, which provide much larger amounts of fiber than people using the classic model of nutrition. The fiber ensures a feeling of fullness for longer, full-grain helps to stabilize the blood sugar level, which in turn prevents the wolf hunger, and vegetables and fruit, as everyone knows, are characterized by low energy value, and also abound in precious vitamins and minerals, which is extremely desirable in weight reduction. However, it should be remembered that vegetarian dishes can also be very caloric. Falafels, fries, pizza or even cereal bars can also be vegetarian. Be careful of this type of trap and remember to balance the vegetarian menu correctly.

Vegetarian diet – safety
The only thing the vegetarians might be afraid of is shortages. Anyone who chose a vegetarian nutrition model should remember to supplement the B12 and D3 vitamins. Deficiencies are also often found in calcium, zinc, iron, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids. However, in this case, one should not worry and it should be remembered that an insufficient supply of calcium and omega-3 acids concerns people who eat meat, and supplementation with vitamin D3 is recommended for the majority of society. In addition, the shortage problem disappears when the diet is repeatedly mentioned. The following statement confirms the safety of the vegetarian diet.

The American Dietetic Association states that properly planned vegetarian diets, including strictly vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthy, meet dietary needs and can provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are suitable for people at all stages of life, including pregnancy and lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and athletes.


Trans fats

Among the most dangerous to healthy fats, we can mention two types – saturated and so-called. trans-unsaturated fatty acid isomers. And although the former is the enemy for our body, we must say clearly – trans fats in this area beat them on the head, causing our body even more serious damage.

How are trans fats formed? What products are there?

And are we able to protect ourselves from them today?

To understand the importance of the problem of excessive consumption of trans fats, one should know their effect on our body. The harmful effects of these fats are versatile and can lead to :

– heart and cardiovascular diseases, not only increase the level of bad LDL cholesterol but also lower the concentration of its good fraction, leading to atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and other serious diseases;

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– obesity, especially the abdominal, which in consequence may lead to heart disease or diabetes.

It is also believed that a high intake of trans fats increases the risk of type II diabetes, cancer, and depression, and moreover, it probably reduces fertility.

The dangers of excessive consumption of trans fat are so serious that in some countries legal regulations regarding the maximum content of trans fats were introduced in food products. Unfortunately, in Poland and many other countries, there are no such restrictions, so these fats are used by food producers in alarming quantities. For the sake of your health, it is worth eliminating highly processed products from the diet, thus limiting the intake of such harmful compounds like trans fats.


Oat groats – calories, nutritional values ​​and curiosities

Oat groats are made from oat grains.

One can distinguish oat groats from whole grains – oat barley and ground porridge grits (broken), which is made of grains separated into several small parts. Oat groats are less known than the often selected kinds of groats – barley, millet, buckwheat, or couscous, but due to its health and nutritional properties, it is becoming more and more popular on the Polish market. 

Oats are consumed in Poland primarily in the form of oat flakes. However, an alternative to them is less processed oatmeal having an interesting slightly nutty flavor, and thus can be an excellent addition to sweet dishes (eg breakfasts, desserts) and savory dishes (eg dishes of meat and fish, salads, soups or kaszotto). So what are the health properties of oatmeal and why should it be a frequent component of our diet? 


Here you can find supplements supporting your health – CLICK 


Oat groats – nutritional and healing properties 

One hundred grams of dry oatmeal product is an energy value of 389 calories (kcal), the same amount contains about 17 grams of protein, about 7 grams of fat and about 67 grams of carbohydrates. It is therefore a source of protein (defective), complex carbohydrates that allow you to maintain a longer feeling of satiety than simple carbohydrates, as well as dietary fiber. Oat grains are rich in B vitamins (B1, B2, B5, B6 and B9) as well as iron (non-haem) minerals, magnesium, calcium, copper, zinc, potassium, manganese and phosphorus. 

Thanks to the content of vitamins and minerals, oatmeal has a positive effect on the human body. The beta-glucans contained in the oatmeal (about 4%) reduce the absorption of cholesterol, which contributes to lowering its total blood level, regulates the intestinal function and counteracts constipation. Thanks to gelling properties, beta-glucans act to protect the gastric and intestinal mucosa. Oat groats should be consumed by people with peptic ulcer disease, intestinal discharges or anal haemorrhoids. The highest content of antioxidants among all types of antifungal agents prevents the formation of free radicals, thanks to which it protects against the formation of neoplastic processes. High content of dietary fiber (10.6 g / 100 g) helps the digestive system to regulate intestinal function, preventing constipation, removing excess bile acids and cholesterol and preventing lower gastrointestinal tumors. It also protects against diabetes by lowering and stabilizing the level of glucose in the blood. One hundred grams of oat porridge covers almost 70% of the daily requirement for vitamin B1 (thiamine). Thiamine is responsible for the proper functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Oat groats are also a source of vitamin B5, which is responsible for the proper course of physiological reactions related to the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. In addition to the high content of vitamins, oatmeal is also rich in macro- and micronutrients. It is a source of magnesium, phosphorus, copper and iron, zinc and manganese. Magnesium prevents depression and corresponds to min. for the proper course of processes that determine the proper supply of energy to the muscles. Phosphorus is an element involved in the normal mineralization of the skeleton and teeth. Iron is a component of hemoglobin, myoglobin and enzymes necessary for oxygen transport. Copper is a component of many enzymes and participates in the formation of bonds in collagen and elastin molecules. 

Oat groats are also a source of avenantramidów, i.e. derivatives of cinnamon acids, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties. Alternatively, algantamides can lower blood pressure by producing nitric oxide, which dilates blood vessels and improves circulation. 

Calories and nutritional values ​​- dry oat groats 

Ingredient Content in 100 g 

Calories (energy value) 389 kcal / 1628 kJ 

Protein 16.89 g 

Total fat 6.90 g 

Carbohydrates 66.27 g 

Oatmeal in the kitchen 

Oatmeal can be eaten sweet with milk, fruit, nuts and nuts and nuts as oatmeal or in the form of desserts. It will be an excellent form of a valuable and nutritious breakfast. It will also work well as an addition to casseroles, chops and meatballs, and will be an ideal ingredient for stuffing for pancakes, croquettes, stuffed cabbage and dumplings. As an addition to salads, it will be perfect in the company of fresh vegetables, lentils, smoked salmon or grilled chicken. You can also prepare oatmeal from oat groats, which will be a component of flour for baking or thickening soups and sauces. 


You can read also: The importance of a healthy gut microbiome


Counting calories – how to do it effectively?

It’s worth counting calories 

Calorie (and indeed a kilocalorie) is a unit of energy. As some readers may remember from physics lessons in high school, energy (action) and matter (objects) are interchangeable. A given amount of energy can be transformed into a given amount of matter and vice versa. Simply put, the energy coming from food, or the dose of calories, is transformed into the matter of the body (blood, muscle, fat, bones and so on). Then the matter back becomes energy and powers the biological functions of the body, such as muscle spasms. So if the number of calories taken with food is greater than the number of calories consumed by biological functions, the body acquires mass (or matter), and if the amount of energy burned exceeds the amount of energy stored in the form of matter – skinny. 


Here you can find supplements supporting your diet – CLICK 


What is simple in theory can pose difficulties in practice. Counting calories to control body weight is problematic for two reasons. First of all, most people think that it is not worth spending so much time and effort on arduous calculations. Secondly, home methods are quite inaccurate. 

Nevertheless, thanks to recent achievements, counting calories has become easier. Internet tools, such as applications on the TrainingPeaks website, contributed to the improvement of the process. In addition, the researchers found that calculating the energy value on their own does not have to meet the criterion of 100- or even 95-percent accuracy to be helpful. This is due to the fact of the control activity itself, resulting in increased awareness. People counting calories have more knowledge about food and automatically start eating better. They do not have to make special efforts to do this, but if they do, they gain even more. 

Calculation of the energy value of food plays a similar role to the starter engine, thanks to which the space shuttle gets off the ground and gains the acceleration needed to overcome the strong gravitational field produced by our planet. But at some height the gravity pulls down. The engine is rejected and the shuttle can orbit without additional propulsion. In an analogous way, counting calories helps determine what, in what quantities and how often you should eat to achieve the start weight. Once this information is obtained, it is no longer needed and you can maintain a constant weight, observing the eating habits developed thanks to the initial analysis of the energy value of consumed products. 

Two ways to count calories 

There are two ways to count traditional and modern calories. The first is to write information from food product labels and to explore the energy value of non-prepacked food in such sources as, for example, books with calorie tables. To do this accurately, take portions into account. Suppose we have breakfast consisting of a bowl of Cheerios flakes with skimmed milk. According to the label, the portion of flakes is 110 kilocalories, and a glass of milk – 86. But morning hunger orders to eat a large bowl of Cheerios, so it is possible that a glass of milk will receive one and a half servings of flakes (normal proportions of about ¾ cup of milk per portion of flakes). As the example shows, care in counting calories requires – if necessary – to measure or weigh portions, not assume that we eat and drink in accordance with the manufacturer’s measurements. 


You can read also: Diet – key to success


Bike for cellulite!

Slender legs, firm buttocks without cellulite and loss of unnecessary kilograms without sacrifices, long hours spent at the gym and spending on further creams – a miracle. All this can be gained regularly by riding a bicycle, which is not only a pleasant activity, but also effective in the fight against skin inequalities. 


Here you can find supplements supporting your diet – CLICK 


Cellulite is the eternal enemy of a woman 

Cellulite is a bane of every woman, but contrary to appearances, it does not affect only overweight women slim ones are also exposed to it. In autumn and winter, however, its presence does not affect us as much as in summer, when we throw off warm clothes and start to reveal our body. Cellulite most often affects the thighs, abdomen and buttocks of women. Fortunately, there are several ways to get rid of cellulite, and cycling is one of the best and most economical of them. 

A wonderful drug called a bicycle 

When cycling, the efficiency of the entire muscular system increases and improves functioning of the respiratory and circulatory system, and thus the energy expenditure of the body increases. It is therefore an aerobic exercise, in addition directed to those parts of the body that are most affected by orange peel. If we dose sensibly, the calves and thighs become slimmer and thus more graceful. While driving, the muscles of the back and hands also work, though not as much as the muscles of the lower limbs. In this way, we also improve their efficiency and work on their overall development. 

What bike for cellulite? 

Not every bike is suitable for effective fight with orange peel. While driving on traditional ladies muscles do not work as intensively as on trekking or urban areas also suitable for off-road driving. In addition to at least a few, and preferably a dozen or so gears, such a bike should have a frame with geometry influencing stable and safe driving and front shock absorber. Since we plan to spend a lot of time on our steed, the saddle is also an important element, which should be wide and comfortable, preferably with a shock absorber. A 3-speed rear hub with an internal brake and a bridge with adjustable height will be quite useful. All these elements have, for example, bikes made by Kross Presto and Adagio, which additionally look beautiful due to their impressive shapes and fashionable colors. 

We count calories 

Bike is a great way to lose unnecessary kilograms – driving slowly within an hour loses 300 kcal, driving fast – up to 600 kcal per hour, which is the same as running or going up the stairs. Below is a simple table helpful in calculating lost kilograms while cycling. 

Speed ​​of travel on the bike.

Energy expenditure
kcal / kg body weight / hour 

10 km / h 4.23 

15 km / h 6.05 

20 km / h 8.56 

30 km / h 12 

The calculation is based on the average weight of 70 kg – driving for 45 min 

cycling at an average speed of 15 km / h, we will burn about 318 kcal (6.05 kcal x 70 kg x 75%). During the training performed 6 times a week for 45 minutes at a rate of 15 km / h, we will burn about 2,000 kcal per week, which is 8,000 kcal per month, that is as much as you need to burn to get rid of a kilogram of excess body fat. If you combine it with a properly balanced diet and exercise at home, the effects can be much faster, but remember that to avoid the yo-yo effect, it is best to reduce no more than 0.5 kg per week. 

Ride, but how? 

A few practical tips from a professional will help you avoid sours and unnecessary effort without cover. It’s best to start driving at a fixed time during the day, after a light meal of complex carbohydrates – the main element should be whole-wheat bread or dark pasta or kasha. If we want to start our fight with excessive fat tissue seriously, it is best to start the adventure with a bicycle from a short distance, setting the first route of length not more than 10 kilometers. The driving speed should be constant and moderate (15-20 km / h), low intensity so that we can feel how our body responds during and after exercise. At this intensity, we can ride every day – this affects the longer behavior of the effect. Each workout should begin with a light warm-up, or give yourself a few minutes of slow pace to start the body. I advise against starting training, if the blood glucose level is very high or low,  marketing manager from Kross and a long-term participant in cycling marathons. 

If you do not have time for daily rides, it is worth using the bike at least 3 times a week for a minimum of 30 minutes while driving at moderate pace. Extending this time to an hour, you have to go at a walking pace. If, on the other hand, we only find the time for a bike during the weekend, we plan at least two-hour cycling trips, going at a walking pace and often stopping. In this case, during the week, let’s not forget to practice other forms of movement so as not to lose fitness. 

Regularity is the key to success 

To get rid of cellulite permanently, it is worth thinking about introducing permanently into your life appropriate exercises. If you ride your bike on your mandatory, albeit pleasant activities of the day, we will be not only healthier and slimmer, but also more beautiful. The big plus of bicycle weight loss is that we can drive all year round. In the summer, bike tours in the open air not only affect our body wonderfully, but also positively affect our psyche. Remember about breakfasts and regular consumption of smaller meals every 2-3 hours. Do not forget that regularity gives the best results! 


You can read also: Is stationary bike a proper way to do the training?