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Garlic

Let food be a medicine and medicine be a food – said the father of medicine Hippocrates, who used garlic as a medicine for many diseases. In folk medicine, this vegetable fulfilled the role of a natural antibiotic and helped to fight all infections. Grandmothers prepared tasty toasts rubbed with fresh garlic or less tasty, but incredibly effective milk with garlic and honey. In many homes, garlic is still used as a first aid when the immune system is weakened. To help our health, add a clove of garlic to the dishes every day. To eliminate the unpleasant odor after eating garlic, eat parsley.

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In garlic, we can find, among others sulfur compounds, enzymes, amino acids or minerals. The specific taste and smell of garlic is given by sulfur-containing compounds. Among them, we distinguish allicin, a substance that is a biologically active component of garlic and has a number of antibacterial and antifungal properties. Allicin is produced only after chopping or crushing garlic cloves.

The raw health benefits of the body are the greatest health benefits for our body. However, due to its characteristic taste and smell, garlic in this form may be reluctantly eaten by us. Therefore, it is worth combining garlic with other products, eg with mint, parsley, thyme, which will neutralize the unpleasant odor.

In order to increase the health properties of garlic in cooked dishes, it should be left to it for a moment after being crushed or sprinkled with a bit of lemon juice.

Fermented Black Garlic 400mg

These effects significantly increase the activity of the allinase enzyme, which converts the inactive allin to allicin. Instead of frying the garlic at the beginning of the preparation of the food, it is better to press it through the press at the end of cooking or eat raw.

Combat the infection!

Garlic due to its composition is often referred to as a natural antibiotic. Many studies emphasize the beneficial effect of garlic on the body’s defenses. Garlic strengthens and regulates cellular reactions of the immune system, thanks to which we can reduce the risk of influenza or other infections. However, when we get sick, garlic will help us reduce the time of occurrence of nagging symptoms thanks to strong antibacterial action.

As already mentioned before, garlic extracts containing allicin in their composition have antifungal activity. In many studies it was found that garlic inhibits the growth of fungi, bacteria and parasites.

Thanks to these properties, it could be used in lung diseases or gastrointestinal infections.

It should also be noted that garlic has strong antioxidant properties by affecting the enzymes dependent on S-glutathione transferase. Such properties are important in the fight against cancer.

It is worth knowing, however, that garlic can interact with other drugs. Therefore, remember not to take garlic simultaneously with antiviral or antipyretic drugs, because we can increase the risk of liver damage.

Garlic against obesity and heart attacks
Recent research indicates that the sulfur substances contained in garlic, which have anti-inflammatory properties, can effectively protect against the formation of fat cells – adipocytes. Currently, obesity is perceived as a disease with chronic inflammation leading to many complications, including atherosclerosis. This is because fat tissue produces a lot of hormones and inflammatory agents, it is not just an energy store, as it was once thought. Sulfur compounds also act as antioxidants, reduce the oxidative stress caused by free radicals.

The beneficial effects of garlic, or more precisely allicin, can be seen in the case of cardiovascular disease. Garlic can prevent atherosclerosis, thrombosis and arterial hypertension. It helps to lower LDL and triglycerides. Contained in garlic substance – ajoen – is a natural anticoagulant, reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Something for athletes
Garlic was one of the first performance-enhancing substances used by Olympic athletes in ancient Greece. It works by improving oxygen transport in the body by affecting iron metabolism. Iron is necessary for the formation of red hemoglobin in the blood cells, which has the ability to combine with oxygen. Research indicates that garlic can also reduce fatigue after exercise and lower the peak heart rate.

Odorless Garlic

Cancer drug?
The compounds contained in garlic have strong anti-cancer properties. They help fight free radicals that contribute to cell damage and their mutation into cancer cells. It has also been proven to influence the activation of a molecule that protects against cancer. Garlic thanks to bactericidal properties helps in the fight against the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which is responsible for the formation of inflammation, ulceration and consequent stomach cancer. It also protects against the harmful effects of heavy metals, which are also potentially carcinogenic.

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Cabbage diet

Cabbage diet is one of the more popular slimming diets in our country. Although it is cheap, it is not time-consuming and does not require great sacrifices, it is not a diet recommended by dieticians and doctors. Why? What exactly is a cabbage diet? What are its assumptions? How fast are the effects? What are its side effects? What are the risks associated with this diet? There are many questions, we will try to answer them in the following article.

What is a cabbage diet?
Cabbage diet is a short, but very promising diet plan. It occurs under many names, the most popular of which is the presidential, Swedish or Canadian diet. The purpose of this diet (like other alternative diets) is to lose a significant number of kilos in a very short time. Therefore, this plan is extremely tempting for people who need quick results, and do not have time to rationally lose weight.

The cabbage diet has become popular several years ago. Apparently former Polish President Aleksander Kwaśniewski was her great supporter and thanks to her got rid of unnecessary kilograms. That’s where the name of the presidential diet came from.

Cabbage diet – a menu and recipe for cabbage soup
The basic ingredient of this diet is cabbage. Vegetable is valued because of its low energy value. The creators of the cabbage diet believe that it can be eaten without restrictions. They suggest eating as much as possible of cabbage soup. They explain their recommendations with the fact that there are only 25 kcal in 100 g of cabbage. White cabbage also contains a few carbohydrates 5.8 g / 100 g, with a large amount of dietary fiber 2.5 g / 100 g.

It is important, however, to remember about the proper preparation of meals. The diet allows you to eat vegetable soup based on cabbage, however, the traditional bigos with the addition of meat and fat is a strictly forbidden product.

At the very beginning it should be clearly stated that the menu of cabbage diet is extremely monotonous. Monocomponent diets are characterized by a small variety of meals due to the limited number of products allowed during their use. The basic meal of this diet is cabbage soup, which can be eaten without any restrictions. You can find the recipe below.

Cabbage soup

Components
– 1 head of Italian or white cabbage – white cabbage (about 2000 g) was used in the recipe,
– 6 heads of chopped onion (500 g),
– red pepper (200 g),

– yellow pepper (200 g),
– 1 bunch of celery (400 g),
– 6 fresh tomatoes (850 g),
– 1 tablespoon of rapeseed oil (10 g),
– chilli spices, pepper, garlic, curry, dill, basil (very important – we do not add table salt).

A method of preparing

Wash the washed and cleaned vegetables into small cubes. Fry all but onions in a hot pan with rapeseed oil. Add the onion when the remaining vegetables are soft. Once all the ingredients have reached the desired softness, we put them into a pot with water and cook for about 1.5 hours. Once in a while, thoroughly mix the contents of the pot, so as not to burn the soup. At the end, add spices as desired. It is very important to remember not to add salt to the soup. To prevent monotony in the diet, the soup can be served in the form of a cream or with the addition of other low-calorie vegetables.

The nutritional value of one portion of soup

– 7.2 g protein,

– fats 2.4 g,

– 28.4 g carbohydrates,

– fiber 10.2 g.

The total energy value of one portion of soup 147 kcal.

Cabbage diet is characterized by high content of dietary fiber, so you can not forget about proper irrigation of the body. It is recommended to drink at least 2 liters of liquid each day. To vary the diet, you can also reach for natural vegetable juices, herbal infusions, green tea and coffee. However, you must forget about the use of sugar, the cabbage diet excludes it. The creators of the cabbage diet indicate that achieving amazing results (minus 3-6 kg per week) is possible only if we completely comply with the weekly menu schedule.

Cabbage diet – a weekly version of the menu
The first day of the cabbage diet opens the breakfast from the previously prepared soup, dinner looks just like that. The meals between them are snacks from raw vegetables and green tea and mineral water.

The second day begins with breakfast, steamed or raw vegetables are recommended. They can be any vegetables except legumes and corn. It is also important not to eat any fruit that day. We eat cabbage soup for dinner, and for dinner, we recommend two baked potatoes without addition of table salt.

The next day of the cabbage diet begins with a bowl of cabbage soup. On the third day, we also gradually introduce fruit, they are the basis for the second breakfast, as well as afternoon tea. The most effective is the consumption of fruits with high fiber content, e.g. grapefruits and oranges. At this stage, bananas are excluded! If the afternoon tea was not filling enough, you can eat a plate of cabbage soup for dinner. If we are full, we can let go of our last meal.

On the fourth day of the cabbage diet, we can afford to make our meals more varied. Breakfast is traditionally a cabbage soup, for the second course and dinner we introduce bananas forbidden earlier. For dinner on this day, it is suggested to drink two liters of skim milk or buttermilk and drink them with four glasses of mineral water.

The fifth day begins with cabbage soup as standard. On this day, lean meat also appears on the menu. It is recommended to prepare about 200 grams of lean beef or chicken fillet once. For dinner, eat 6 medium-sized tomatoes, which are washed down with at least 4 glasses of liquid (mineral water or tea).

The penultimate day of the diet begins with cabbage soup. For lunch, a portion of 200 g of lean meat or fish should be cooked with steam. Dinner is a large bowl of finely chopped green vegetables (lettuce, peppers, leeks, broccoli).

We start the seventh and last day of the diet like the rest. For lunch we cook brown rice and serve it with low-calorie vegetables. We do not eat a substantial meal for dinner, on the seventh day, a few glasses of fruit juice (without added sugar) are served, as well as a few glasses of still mineral water.

Cabbage diet – defects and opinions
Cabbage diet, although very popular, is not a diet recommended by dieticians and specialists. The position she has achieved among other alternative slimming diets is mainly due to her low price and ease of use. Another advantage is the small time needed to achieve your dream goal. The effects of this diet, although positive, may adversely affect the condition of our body, because after stopping the diet we return to the initial state. Before starting a cabbage diet, it is worth considering the risks associated with its use. The rapid loss of kilos resulting from a very large calorie deficit is a non-physiological process. The main disadvantages of the cabbage diet include the very common yo-yo effect.

Other disadvantages of this method of feeding are the aforementioned monotony, not every person is able to get used to the taste and smell of cabbage soup. People using a cabbage diet also often complain about too frequent urination, because cabbage has strong diuretic properties. This vegetable contains a significant amount of bloating substances, intensifies the processes of intestinal gas production. In addition to unpleasant dyspeptic symptoms, the cabbage diet also causes fatigue, irritability, general weakness and can cause headaches. It is also worth noting that it is a shortage diet, so it is not properly balanced – it does not cover our needs for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

Opinions about this diet are divided. She has many supporters and opponents. The effect of using this diet is often short-lived. The yo-yo effect in this case is a common phenomenon. Perhaps that’s why dietitians do not recommend this diet. Given its popularity, it is surprising that a small number of scientific publications and studies prove the effectiveness of such a model of nutrition. A person who wants to lose weight in a rational way, without the yo-yo effect, should think twice about it. Perhaps the lack of scientific reports on the effectiveness of this diet means that it is not taken seriously in the medical environment. It should be clearly stated that cabbage diets should not be strictly used by children and adolescents, pregnant women and nursing mothers, people with immunocompromised persons, as well as people with significant obesity.

Taking into account all opinions about the cabbage diet, it can be said that this diet is not a good or recommended way to lose unwanted kilograms. When using this diet, weight loss is only a result of water loss, not fat. In addition, the cabbage diet reduces the basic metabolism and does not cover the need for basic nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Losing weight on this diet is a non-physiological and unnatural process. The problem of obesity and overweight should not be treated on your own. Long-term results and health improvement can be provided by education of healthy eating habits, so you should go for a consultation with a dietitian.

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Sesame

Sesame is a plant that probably does not need to be presented to anyone. Each of us knows how it looks and how it tastes. Most of us sesame is associated with crunchy sweet sesame seeds that can be bought in every kiosk. However, real sesame seed is something more than a sweet, light and fragile candy bar – it’s a health locked in a tiny grain. Spice, which is very inconspicuous, contains in itself the whole gamma of healing and health properties. Why is it worth to introduce sesame into your diet? What is its healing use? Which dishes suits best? You will know the answer to these questions soon.

Sesame – characteristics of the species and curiosities

The Indian Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an annual oil plant. It can also be found under the names kunżut and eastern łogowa. Currently, it is no longer found in the natural environment, and its cultures are huge and completely intended for utility purposes.

The Indian sesame belongs to the family of plant-like plants and reaches a height of even 1.5 m. The leaves are small and their surface is covered with tiny glandular hairs. The flowers are about 3 cm, occur in a variety of colors – from white to red to dark purple, depending on the variety. Sesame fruits ripen in fruit bags. Each of them contains about 80-100 small and extremely aromatic grains. They are flat and dull, and like the flowers they differ in color. They are most often found in cream and black. When the contents of the bag matures, it opens and spills its fruits on the ground.

The source Köhler F., Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen mit kurz erläuternder Texte, Gera-Untermhaus 1887.

So far, it has not been determined where the sesame comes from. It is known, however, that the first records of its use date back to over two thousand years BC In ancient Babylon, sesame was considered a spice of gods – it was so special because of its high health and dietary value. It is not known how the sesame spread throughout the globe. It is believed that this was due to the wanderers who traveled the world hundreds of years ago and traded in various goods. However, it was established that the inhabitants of China and India were responsible for breeding the most valuable variety of Indian sesame. In our country, the most popular is white sesame, however, the world top is the sesame black, appreciated because of its nutty sweet taste.

Sesame – nutritional values
Sesame is an oily plant used mainly in the production of edible sesame oil. Therefore, nobody should be surprised by the fact that it is a raw material with an extremely high energy value. In 100 g Indian sesame seeds there are as much as 647 kcal. Although mainly fats 59.9 g / 100 g of product, the seeds also contain considerable amounts of protein – 23.2 g / 100 g. They are therefore a great alternative for people on a vegetarian diet. However, it should be remembered that it is not a full-blown protein. In addition, sesame seeds have a small amount of digestible carbohydrates – 2.1 g / 100 g and higher dietary fiber – 7.9 g / 100 g.

Sesame is a real treasury of nutrients. It contains a lot of unsaturated fatty acids, these are primarily oleic acid and linoleic acid (21.4 g / 100 g). It has a rich group of exogenous amino acids with various therapeutic properties.

Sesame seeds are characterized by a relatively high content of plant phytosterols. We can find about 231-1900 mg of these substances in 100 g of raw material, for comparison, sesame seed oil has on average about 360-473 mg of phytosterols.

When it comes to vitamins, there are not many of them in sesame. However, you can find in it vitamins from group B, eg folic acid, vitamins B2, B3, B6 and B1. The high content of minerals compensates for a small amount of vitamins. Already 100 grams of sesame seeds almost completely cover our daily demand for calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, zinc and copper. Particular attention should be paid to vegans who in their diets have a limited supply of calcium necessary for the proper functioning of the skeletal system.

Of course, we do not suggest daily consumption of 100 g sesame seeds. We just want to point out that it is an interesting and very valuable food product.

Sesame – medicinal use
Sesame has been known for centuries as a plant with special medicinal properties. The first mention of his pro-health activity are documented and come from 1150 BC. These records attribute the energy of sunlight to seeds of sesame seeds. Until today, it is not known which pro-health properties were meant by the authors of the text. Boldly, however, it can be said that they meant the beneficial effects of sesame seeds on the functioning of the human body.

The most important active substances present in the sesame are the aforementioned tocopherols. Sesame oil contains large amounts of gamma-tocopherol. The compounds of this group are found in oilseeds, as well as in maize and soy. They are characterized by a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action.

Sesame of its antioxidant activity is largely due to the presence of sesamol and sesamin. Both of these substances are characterized by resistance to oxidation processes. Research has proven that they have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the nervous system. They reduce the frequency of epilepsy episodes, relieve nervous tension. They can also be used in Alzheimer’s disease, they improve cognitive functions and inhibit neurodegenerative processes.

Sesamol and sesamin also find application in the treatment of certain genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s chorea. They also eliminate the symptoms of oxidative stress in the myocardium, thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

The dietary fiber contained in sesame seeds is characterized by high binding efficiency. As the food moves, it binds all harmful substances, toxins and anti-nutrients to each other. Thanks to this, it improves the detoxification processes of our body. In addition, it supports digestion and helps eliminate the problem of constipation.

Sesame – use in the kitchen
Sesame can be successfully used in everyday dishes, it is quite universal and has a very pleasant expressive taste. It is used to prepare many tasty desserts. One of the most famous sweets, which is prepared from sesame, is halva. In addition, sesame is great as a component of dry Asian cuisine, a component of meat crumbs and addition to sushi. Tahini paste is also made from sesame, which is an essential component of home-made hummus.

In conclusion, sesame is a product worth our attention. It is characterized by high nutritional value and scientifically proven health-promoting effects. Already its small addition to ordinary dishes makes them acquire an exquisite taste. In addition, it significantly increases the nutritional value of meals and supplements the diet with micro and macro elements. It is worth remembering, however, that sesame seeds are known as products that cause strong food allergies. They are on the list of the 12 most allergenic food products.

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Pomegranate

The fruit of pomegranate has been known since antiquity, when it was considered a symbol of both fertility and abundance, immortality and sanctity. He was worshiped in many religions around the world. In folk medicine, it was used primarily to fight parasites. He was also supposed to help with aphthae, ulcers, diarrhea or febrile states. It was often used as a means to fight haemorrhage, dysentery, acidosis and microbial infections. In fact, all parts of the plant were used in Ayurveda – not only the fruit itself, but also the bark, flowers, leaves and even roots.

What is the pomegranate and where does it come from?
The family pomatia (Latin Punicaceae) and the order Myrtales (Latin Myrtales) belong only two species of flora. These are low trees, from 3 to a maximum of 7 meters, or shrubs whose leaves are opposite and single, prickly branches, and bisexual flowers of a strongly intense red color 2. The fruits of these plants resemble our native apples.

The most well-known species from the aforementioned pair is pomegranate (Latin Punica granatum), also known as the bush or tree of pomegranate or proper pomegranate. It probably comes from Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia . Currently, its cultivation covers the Mediterranean, India, Malaysia, Southeast Asia, and it can easily be found even in China, Japan, Russia and the United States, mainly in California and on Arizona areas.

Depending on the place where it grows, it can have different sizes, maturation time, juice volume and dose of other ingredients. It grows easily on barren soil, although the best ones are fertile, clayey and humus-rich . It tolerates a wide temperature range. He is not afraid of frosts, including those reaching even minus 15 degrees Celsius.

Pomegranate fruit only after four years. Fruits reach full maturity in late autumn and can weigh even about a kilogram. From this amount you can get about 500 to 750 g of juice. One tree or shrub can spend up to 50 kg of pomegranate at a time. It is a product that gets to know thanks to the purple, later dark blue skin with irregular cracks. Inside it, there are up to 1000 to 1,300 granular seeds in the chambers 2. The second not significant in economic terms is Punica protopunica, which can be found only on the island of Socotra belonging to South Yemen 2.

Nutritional values ​​of pomegranate
Three independent research staffs worked on determining the nutritional value of the pomegranate from 2010. The final chemical composition of the fruit is influenced by many factors, including, first of all, the variety, climate, growing conditions, the maturity of the harvested crop and the manner in which it is stored.

It was finally determined that the product in question is characterized by low calorific value ranging between 65 kcal and up to about 78 kcal in 100 g raw material. Among the macronutrients, carbohydrates boast the most. There are from 1.5 g to 18.7 g in 100 g, while the protein content does not exceed even 2 g, and lipids oscillate in the value of about 1 g. The pomegranate also contains quite a large amount of fiber, in 100 g it is from g up to 5 g. The fruit described is also a great treasure trove of many micronutrients. The most important are vitamin C, E, pantothenic acid, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus .

Half the weight of a pomegranate is his skin. Interestingly, it is practically the most important part of this product, because it is where we find bioactive components that are extremely important for human health, such as phenolic compounds, among them flavonols, elagotannins and proanthocyanidins. In turn, the edible part of this raw material is made up of 0% of the weight of fruit and seeds, whose weight fraction does not exceed 10%.

Regarding the chemical composition of the main part of the grenade, which is possible to consume, in fact 85% of its content is water. The rest is made up of fructose, glucose and pectin. The most important ingredient in terms of health are organic acids, including ascorbic, lemon and apple, as well as flavonoids and anthocyanins. Seeds are mainly a rich source of lipids, largely those from the polyunsaturated family, such as linoleic and linolenic acid. Other fats that build popular pomegranate seeds include stearic, punic, oleic and palmitic acids. Pomegranate oil accounts for almost 20% of the weight of seeds. The other components of their mass are protein, sugars, dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, polyphenols, and mainly of genistein belonging to isoflavones .

Both the juice of the described product and the fruit itself are the source of many bioactive compounds. According to the results of the research by Apkinar-Bayizit from 2012 and Lansky and Newmann from 2007, nectar contains anthocyanins, ellagic, gallic, caffeine, epigallocatechin gallate, quercetin, rutin, citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, fumaric acid, amber acid , chlorogenic, p-coumaric acid, quinoline, catechins, epicatechin, glucoside, cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin.

In turn, based on the results of Wang’s 2010 and Yasuja experience from 2012, pomegranate fruit and seeds have in their composition catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin gallate, flavan-3-ole, kaempferol, luteolin, naringin, pelargonidine, prodelphinidine, quercetin, rutin, hydroxybenzoic acid, ellagic, caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric acid, quinic acid, punikalagine, corilagin, pedagulagin, telimagrandin, delphinidin, epigallocatechin, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside and kaempferol 3-O-rhamnoglucoside. All these ingredients make it despite the inconspicuous appearance of this product in an amazing way that supports human health .

The effect of pomegranate on health
Thanks to the richness of vitamins, minerals and bioactive compounds, pomegranate has an extremely positive and diverse effect on the human body and its functioning. This product is known for its numerous health properties, thanks to which it works both prophylactically and therapeutically. The most important and most popular health properties include antioxidant, cardioprotective, hypoglycemic, anti-cancer and support the development and growth of beneficial microorganisms .

The antioxidant potential of this fruit has been the subject of many scientists’ research for many years. However, it was discovered that not every grenade has the same antioxidant effect, because it depends on its variety, degree of maturity, climatic conditions in which it grew and a specific component of the plant, which was taken into account in the given experiment.

In 2002, during one of the experiments, it was discovered that the pomegranate skin extract is characterized by a greater antioxidant capacity than the solution prepared from its seeds. This study used the ability of substances contained in the described plant to quench the action of a specific product resulting from oxidative stress known as DDPH. Its full name is the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical. After 5 years, in another experiment, it was observed that the food product created from crushed fruits has 20 times more antioxidant capacity than the apple-juice.

One of the most interesting studies was carried out in 2000. Four methods of checking antioxidative capabilities such as ABTS, DPPH, DMPD and FRAP were taken into account in it. The obtained results confirmed up to 3 times higher antioxidant capacity of juice from the described fruit compared to red wine and green tea.

In turn, the experience conducted by Sudheesh and Vijayalakshmi on a group of laboratory rats administered isolated pomegranate flavonoids showed that these animals were characterized by a smaller amount of compounds that are biomarkers in assessing the changes associated with the oxidation of lipids, such as hydroperoxides and malondialdehyde, in the liver , heart and rodent kidneys. In addition, it was observed that among the individuals that were used in the experiment increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and glutathione reductase in the above-mentioned organs.

In the case of a study conducted with the participation of humans, it was unequivocally proved that giving the volunteers an extract of the described fruit in the form of capsules led to a greater antioxidant capacity of plasma by as much as 31.8% after only 30 minutes from taking the preparation .

Tannins and anthocyanins, which are rich in pomegranate fruit, also have antiatherosclerotic properties. Experiences on this subject were conducted both on animals and with the participation of people. The results of the research most often underlined the role of the juice of the described product and its unambiguous effect on the drop in systolic pressure. In one experiment conducted on wistar rats, which were characterized by high blood pressure induced by subcutaneous administration of the protein hormone, angotensin II, the animals received 100 mg of pomegranate juice per kilogram of body weight for weeks. As a result of this action, a drop in blood pressure in rodents was observed.

In another study, the results clearly indicated that the administration of nectar for one year to people with atherosclerosis in whom carotid artery stenosis occurred resulted in a 30% reduction in intima and middle thickness of the above-mentioned site with an 83% increase in enzyme activity that inhibits the oxidation of LDL cholesterol molecules, i.e. paraoxonase-1 abbreviated as PON-1 (called Serum paraoxonase / arylesterase 1).

An interesting experiment aimed at confirming the anti-atherosclerotic action of the juice of the described fruit consisted in consuming for weeks by a group of patients 800 mg of oil from the seed of the product. In these patients a statistically significant decrease in the amount of triglycerides and a decrease in the ratio of the mentioned lipid molecules to the so-called good HDL cholesterol. The results of this experiment coincide with the study conducted by Esmaillzadeh, which was to test the effect of drinking concentrated pomegranate nectar on the lipid profile of patients with type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia. In these subjects, a reduction in the amount of total cholesterol, LDL and a decrease in the ratio of these substances to HDL was observed.

In addition, other experiments have shown that using both the extract of the described fruit and the juice itself leads to a large reduction in the expression of vasculitis markers such as thrombospondin, TSP (thrombospondin), and transforming beta-growth factor, i.e. TGF-β (ang. transforming growth factor β), with the simultaneous increase in nitric oxide in blood plasma .

Many scientists over the years also conducted observations to prove or exclude the effect of pomegranate on the decrease in glucose. Thus, the experiment on wistar rats allowed to note that the administration of an aqueous extract from the skin of the described fruit in the amount of 200 mg per kilogram of body mass leads in rodents to the reduction of sugar in the plasma. In a very similar experiment, where the same animals with diagnosed diabetes were given a rich polyphenol-rich solution for 10 days, it was found that it led to a decrease in fasting glucose and at the same time caused an increase in insulin concentration.

In a further study in rats with glycemic disturbances induced by streptozotocin, rodent consumption of pomegranate seeds of 300 and 600 mg per kilogram body weight resulted in a reduction in blood sugar by 7% and 52 in just 12 hours. %. However, in an experiment in mice, which was supplemented with oil from the described plant rich in linolenic acid, this effect positively influenced the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, thanks to which the risk of developing full-type type 2 diabetes mellitus decreased in these animals.

Another experiment in which the same rodent species were used consisted of feeding them with a pomegranate solution. This led to a decrease in serum resistin, a substance that is involved in the development of insulin resistance.

Human studies have only partially produced positive results. In one of them, it was proved that drinking juice from the described fruit by patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes results in a reduction in the amount of fasting glucose while reducing insulin resistance. In the next, however, where sick people consumed 50 ml of drink a day for months, neither the improvement of fasting glycemia nor the greater sensitivity of tissues to the pancreatic β-cell hormone occurred. The glycosylated hemoglobin A1c of patients did not change either.

Many scientists also began to wonder whether this wonderful fruit, containing so many bioactive compounds, may also have its share in inhibiting the development and prevention of cancer. The results of the experiments confirm that in the case of prostate cancer, both the described seed oil and juice prevent further development of the disease. In addition, it was observed that whole fruit extracts had better antitumor activity than solutions from particular parts of the pomegranate. In turn, research on breast cancer shows that the substances contained in the plant are responsible for stopping the angiogenesis, invasiveness and enlargement of cancer cells, which simultaneously leads to their self-destruction.

In other colon disease experiments, it was observed that patients after nectar in the colon release elagotanine and urolithin, ie components responsible for reducing the risk of cancer of a given organ by inhibiting the development of cancer cells and bringing them to apoptosis. In addition, in the data part you can find information that the grenade also works in the prevention and treatment of leukemia and liver diseases on the background of cancer .

Most of the experiments regarding the properties of the described fruit concerned its role in stopping the development of microorganisms. Probably the antibacterial abilities of this product are associated with anthocyanins in their composition, which are also responsible for the antioxidant capabilities of the pomegranate. The data collected on the basis of numerous studies indicate that the fruit mentioned above has a severe destructive effect on Staphylococcus aureus, or Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, also known as the pseudomonas, as a result of punikalagin, which is found in the skin of the product. It was also observed that solutions from this part of the fruit negatively affect the growth of other bacteria, such as Proteus vulgaris, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Listeria monocytogenes or Yersinia enterocolitica.

Other experiments also confirmed that the product extracts also inhibit the development of periodontal pathogenic microorganisms. Interestingly, pomegranate solutions that destroy strains hazardous to health, at the same time support the growth and development of probiotic bacteria inhabiting, for example, intestinal walls in humans, mainly from the family of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium .

Where was the pomegranate fruit used?
Due to its numerous properties and rich chemical composition, the pomegranate fruit has been used in various industries. The best documented is its use by the food, leather and cosmetics industry.

As far as the first of the above-mentioned products is concerned, the product is primarily used to create juices, wine, jams, preserves, jellies, dried seeds, as well as syrups and liqueurs. . Of the punch and alcohol produced from this fruit, the Caucasus regions are particularly well known 2 .

Although not the grenade itself, but the leaves and bark of the trunks and roots of the tree on which it grows, thanks to the high content of tannins are used for the production of safian, or delicate skin, which is used to create exclusive shoes or women’s handbags. It is also often used to cover furniture and even create a unique setting for books. Interestingly, thanks to the colors obtained from fruit cover, eastern carpets are so enchanting. These dyes also produce ink for body dyeing. Intensive shades extracted from the flowers of this plant are also used to make the fabrics of linen, cotton, silk and wool 2 more attractive.

When it comes to the cosmetics industry, it is an industry that is constantly developing and, according to the expectations of consumers, creates more and more exclusive products based on natural substances. 1. The skin and pomegranate due to their anti-inflammatory effect and preventing discoloration in the human skin are an increasingly frequent component of numerous skin care products. The research conducted on hairless guinea pigs, which were administered with the extract of the mentioned ingredients, and at the same time irradiated with UV rays, showed that the compounds contained in the product also reduce pigmentation.

Another experience, in turn, confirmed that pomegranate polyphenols counteract the aging of the skin caused by UVB radiation. It has also been proven that they inhibit the activity of peroxidase in the connective tissue, which makes them antioxidant. 5. Importantly, they are also used to prolong the durability of cosmetics, especially creams, shampoos and lotions. In turn, extracts from tanning agents are used in sunscreen, antiacne preparations and foot cosmetics 1 due to their astringent effect.

Interestingly, the oil from the seeds of the described fruit also found its place in the cosmetics industry. Thanks to the fact that it contains significant amounts of punic acid from the omega-5 family, it destroys the free radicals to a large extent. In addition, it has a soothing and renewing effect. An important component of this liquid fat are also polyunsaturated lipids, often called vitamin F. They are mainly linolenic acid in an amount of 0.2%, oleic acid in a concentration of 7.7% and linoleic in a dose of 9.8%. They affect the faster regeneration of the skin, as well as its good nourishment, moisturizing and refreshing 5. That is why they found themselves in preparations for the treatment of sunburn and wounds. They are also used in the presence of rosacea. In turn, mature skin has a rejuvenating and anti-wrinkle effect 1.

Contraindications, that is, the grenade is good for everyone
Unfortunately, despite its great properties, the grenade can not be used with impunity and any time of the day by people who take drugs permanently because it significantly affects their metabolism. The importance of consuming juices based on the described fruit is particularly emphasized here. Observations from numerous studies show that beverages from tropical products in various ways inhibit the action of cytochrome P50, which in the liver takes part in the direct detoxification and processing of drugs taken.

Among the nectars from such ingredients as papaya, kiwi, mango, passion fruit, pitai, white grapefruit, orange, carambola and rambutan, the strongest inhibitory effect on the aforementioned substances showed, among others, grenade 3. Inhibition of cytochrome P50 function strengthens the action of the taken medicinal preparations, especially those containing statins, which are found even in tablets for cholesterol 7. Other contraindications for the consumption of beverages or fruit in the unprocessed form include hyperacidity, peptic ulceration or gastritis 6.

Should a pomegranate really be part of a well-balanced diet?
Both pomegranate and juice produced from this fruit are currently not very popular products in the daily diet of the average Pole. This is probably due to the low awareness of how good both preventive and curative properties bring about the regular consumption of this plant. In addition, it is a great support in the treatment of both people with already diagnosed cancer, as well as those who are in an increased risk group.

Pomegranate can also be successfully used in patients with impaired glycemia or bad lipid profile – however, it must be stressed that eating this fruit will not replace conventional therapy.

Especially for hours of consumption of this product should be considered by people with chronic diseases, which force them to daily consuming drugs. In order to prevent the interaction between pomegranate or its juice and adopted tablets, especially those containing statins, a minimum of 2 hours should be allowed between the pharmaceutical and the food containing the product described.

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Healthcare

Juniper

Juniper is one of the most traditional spices of Old Polish cuisine. This indispensable addition to venison dishes and marinades for meats has gone a long way to oblivion at the expense of more and more exotic products on our market. In this article, I will try to remind you what this eternally green plant is and why it is worth to use it in your kitchen.

What is juniper?
Berberine 400mg
Juniper is a conifer plant, which is part of the cypress family. This plant, next to pines, is the largest group of coniferous representatives on earth. Despite the large diversity of species (it is assumed that there are from 50 to over 70), only two of them naturally occur in Poland. This plant is grown mainly for ornamental purposes. Very often it occurs under the name of an evergreen shrub. It owes its name to its longevity, as some species can survive for over 100 years. Juniper berries are used as a seasoning for venison dishes, while branches are often used as an ingredient in herbal mixtures for smoking meats and cold meats.

Juniper – properties

Forskolin Diamond

Juniper, however, turns out to be a great addition to dishes for our health. Above all, it is worth mentioning here in this plant oil, whose main source are fruits called pine cones. The composition of juniper oil contains substances called terpenes, among which should be distinguished such as camphene, limonene, pinene and terpineol.

Acticissus

These compounds have a strong warming and microcirculatory effect, which significantly affects the metabolism of tissues and facilitates the removal of unnecessary metabolites in cells. Terpenes also have significant disinfectant and bactericidal properties, whose strength is compared to antibiotics. What’s more, terpenic compounds are characterized by a strong diuretic effect.

In addition to these substances, juniper also has flavonoids and tannins. These are compounds whose activity in our body has been often presented by me in other articles.

In the case of juniper, this is mainly about stimulating properties of the digestive system, which results in faster and more efficient functioning of the intestines and stomach. In addition, they stimulate the liver to produce bile, which helps digest heavy and greasy foods.

Application

Golden Milk, Turmeric Infusion

The use of juniper is conditioned by the way the plant is used. When talking about the external use of the healthy character of an evergreen shrub, one should take into consideration the warming and stimulating effect of congestion. Therefore, juniper is very often used as an ingredient in ointments or oils used to relieve rheumatism, neuralgia and rheumatic diseases. Massage around the airways is a very good solution for respiratory problems and colds. Juniper can also be used for anti-cellulite treatments as well in the case of excessive dandruff.

However, this is not the end of the uses of this plant. Juniper can also be used internally in the form of infusions, tinctures, as a spice that diversifies the taste of dishes, and also in the direct form – we are talking about chewing a pine cone. What causes the use of this plant inside our system? First of all it prevents the effects of overeating and reduces the problems on the part of the digestive system, such as bloating or constipation. In addition, it alleviates the symptoms of bacterial infection in the urinary tract, intensifies the beneficial activity of the liver by increasing bile secretion, stimulates appetite and clears the airways.

It should be remembered that in the case of juniper and other supplements, moderation and conscious consumption are of great importance. During the day it is recommended to chew up to 4 fruits of this plant, and juniper oil can only be used externally. Excessive supply of juniper can lead to irritation of the kidneys and stomach. Extracts from juniper in the form of infusions or tinctures are contraindicated in the case of acute inflammation of the digestive system, serious kidney and liver diseases and for women during pregnancy.

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Digestive System Healthcare

Piperine

Piperine is more and more often recommended by dieticians and is increasingly popular among people on a diet. It contains pepper and is a natural alternative in the fight against overweight and fat. It fights its excess in the body by inhibiting the formation of new fat cells. Below I will describe its operation and application in detail.

What is piperine?

Piperine is an alkaloid that occurs in black pepper, it responds for its sharp, burning taste. It is located in the top layer of black pepper fruits. We can also meet her in diet supplements as a slimming aid.

Piperine enhances the secretion of digestive juices (gastric, pancreatic and intestinal), improves and speeds up digestion. It inhibits the appetite for sweets, naturally regulates the sugar and fat management in the body, improves the absorption of nutrients, helps burn fat.

Who should use it?

The piperine can be used by both professional athletes, as well as recreational trainers. It is used for healing purposes. She found application in slimming therapy and improving physical and psychological efficiency. In addition, it stimulates the work of the digestive system , increases the secretion of gastric juice, which results in better digestion of nutrients.

Curcumin 95 + Piperine

Piperine effect

The following advantages can be attributed to the biggest advantages of using piperine

– piperine reduces the level of fat in the bloodstream;

– stimulates the secretion of noradrenaline and adrenaline;

– has a positive effect on the functioning of the immune system;

– increases the secretion of digestive juices (gastric, pancreatic, intestinal), and also improves the digestion of food;

– raises body temperature;

– speeds up the metabolism;

– increases immunity;

– affects the lipolysis process;

– promotes building muscle mass by raising body temperature;

– raises the level of physical and mental efficiency;

– effectively reduces fat tissue.

Piperine – dosage

The recommended dosage of piperine is 5-10 mg 1-2 times a day for 3 months, then take 1-2 months off and resume use. It is best to take it before breakfast and physical effort. People with severe cardiovascular disease are advised to consult a doctor before using piperine.

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Healthcare Skin

Acne

The biggest aspect of this disease is the effect on well-being.

Often this condition causes not only skin scars, but also profound changes in the young person’s psyche. This is manifested mainly in social contacts. People who have acne feel worse than their peers who have no skin problems.

What causes acne?

Acne is caused by three main factors that make up
– clogged by excess fat and contamination of pores \ n- bacteria living on the skin \ n- excessive fat production through the skin

We distinguish several types of acne, but the most popular is youthful, otherwise known as common. It affects adolescents during puberty.

The occurrence of this acne is caused

One of several forms of acne is comedones. They are usually located in the area of ​​the beard, nose, chest and back. Blackheads are characterized by dark dots and blackheads.

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Deep acne, however, is characterized by deep purulent infiltrates in the form of nodules. This type of acne, untreated, leaves unsightly marks in the form of scars and swellings on the skin.

Strict adherence to cleanliness in acne patients is necessary. It is recommended to wash the skin with water and rub it with a thread moistened in a herbal solution.

Ideally, if they are herbs, it is also worth to buy amber milk.
Treatment of severe acne varieties should be under the supervision of a dermatologist.

Recommended products for the treatment of acne

Vitamin E and selenium as well as chromium help in combating acne.

Rosacea is another variation of this ailment. He touches adults. It is characterized by erythematous eruptions, papulloids and pustules. It is located primarily on the forehead, nose and nasolabial folds. It causes itching or burning.

The basis of this disease is above all

The treatment of rosacea is based on eliminating disorders of the digestive system, administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory and sedative agents. \ NIt can also help herbs with a calming effect and improving metabolism.
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Check also: Clear Skin – how to win against acne!

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An example of a herbal mixture recommended for people with rosacea

In the treatment of various types of acne, vaccines are often recommended. Phototherapy, laser therapy, physical therapy and cryotherapy can also help us.

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Health & Beauty Healthcare

Aloe

Aloe comes from the tropical regions of the Far East, South Africa and West Indies. It is a universal medicine. The most known aloe species are woody and ordinary aloe. We can grow it at home, for example on a kitchen window. Aloe is able to survive in extreme conditions, therefore, thanks to the will to live, it has so many valuable properties that we should use. Most often it is in the form of a liquid. You can buy it at any pharmacy or herbal store.

Indications for using aloe

Aloe is especially recommended for burns and minor cuts. The gel found in the leaves of this plant can work wonders. We can grow it at home, for example on a kitchen window. It provides easily digestible vitamins and minerals. It strengthens the immune system and adds strength, so it can be used in general weakness of the body, lack of immunity, deficiency of vitamins and minerals.

In addition, it regulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin, destroys microbes, regulates intestinal peristalsis, which is why it is used

Aloe vera is rich in many components of vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, E, folic acid, niacin, minerals calcium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc and magnesium. In addition, it contains many valuable amino acids. Many dieters specializing in slimming, recommend aloe vera. Why? The methionine, serine and threonine contained in aloe, remove heavy metals from the body. This helps to cleanse our body of accumulated toxins that hinder metabolism. Many gynecologists recommend using aloe vera to induce menstruation. It is recommended especially in permanent menstrual disorders, in the form of rare menstrual periods. It is perfect for stimulating menstrual bleeding.

Cosmetology

Aloe also works well in cosmetics. Our market is rich in all kinds of preparations and cosmetics containing aloe vera. The use of cosmetics with aloe content helps to keep the skin slightly acidic. It protects our skin from pimples and drying. It also has many valuable enzymes that accelerate the regeneration of our skin, which with age loses flexibility and vitality. In many branded drugstores and pharmacies you can buy a series of cosmetics containing aloe vera.
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Check also: Aloe – is it really safe?

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Prevention

Aloe vera can be used both therapeutically and preventively. The use of aloe supports our body in the fight against bacteria, viruses but also prevents the development of cancer cells. In addition, aloe cleanses the blood and the whole body from poisoning fungi and pathogenic yeasts. It contains a substance that maintains a high level of moisturizing, which perfectly hydrates our body.

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Healthcare

Salt – how to make friends with the enemy?

Sodium chloride, or table salt, is present in our lives almost every day. Salt is found in virtually every food. In our body, it is primarily responsible for water regulation and optimizes basic life functions. Unfortunately, by haste and unwise food, we often take it too much, which can be detrimental to health and the cause of many diseases.

A large amount of salt leads to considerable problems

According to the World Health Organization, we eat up to 3 times more salt than we need. The Polish Society of Cardiology is also signed under these data. In this situation, salt from a friend who cares, among others o The proper functioning of our water management can become an enemy.

Its excess influences the increase in blood pressure, adversely affects the functioning of the kidneys and liver, as well as the concentration of cholesterol. Permanent overdosing of salt causes that we feel tiredness, and our skin loses its firmness and radiance. Such disorders lead to obesity, and in the worst case to diabetes and other serious ailments.

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You can read also: Magnesium – sources in the diet

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How much salt is appropriate?

Many doctors recommend the consumption of salt on levels of 1 to 3 grams per day. This is the amount that corresponds to the capacity of a flat teaspoon. How should you eat so as not to exceed the optimal dose? First of all, one should get used to excessive salting of dishes. It should be remembered that the food products we buy have salt in them. It happens that it is added by the manufacturers to enhance the taste. Therefore, pay attention to the packaging on which we can find information about the percentage of the Daily Intake (GDA) of individual ingredients. For our health, we should give up too often reaching for preserves, processed meats, low-quality cheeses, crisps, sticks, or less frequent fast food.
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Check also: Salt, harmful or not?

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Let’s control what we eat

Of course, we do not have to immediately give up our old habits. It’s better to start with small and gradual steps. For example, instead of reaching for a fat and salty burger during a break at work, let’s choose a sandwich with vegetables and thin sausage. What is also important is what we drink. It will be healthy to reach for water with a low and constant sodium content. Among the available waters we can also find those with a very low content of this element, for example, the spring water of Złoty Potok. It is a natural water, characterized by a constant low sodium content (0.0001%), which is recommended for people with hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular diseases.
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Read also: Water is awesome – and those reasons why

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We are easily accustomed to a small amount of salt
If we care about the expressive taste of our dishes, we can always replace the salt with other spices. It can be for example basil, oregano, thyme, parsley or curry. They will emphasize the taste and aroma of our favorite dishes, and at the same time will not increase the amount of salt in our body. It is also worth knowing that our taste buds will get used to a smaller amount of salt after a few days and we will appreciate the natural taste values ​​of vegetables and meat again.

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Healthcare

Coffee – healing properties and the use of coffee (part 2/2)

Coffee helps in allergy and asthma

Previous results of research carried out by numerous laboratories around the world suggest that caffeine may be useful in the treatment of allergies, because it reduces the concentration of histamine – a substance involved in allergic reactions, while it is proven that in people with asthma caffeine reduces the frequency and severity of attacks shortness of breath, and that’s because it widens the bronchi.

Coffee with milk harms?

Some scientists argue that frequent pice of coffee with milk harms health. In their opinion, the acids contained in coffee react to protein from milk, making digestion difficult. After drinking a cup of coffee and milk, eaten foods are in the stomach. Other researchers have shown that you can drink coffee with milk without harming the body.

Coffee and medicines. Sipping coffee drugs can hurt

You should not drink coffee because it weakens or increases the effect of some of them, for example coffee, due to the presence of tannins, reduces the absorption of many substances (eg neuroleptics). Lowering the pH of gastric juice (by stimulating the secretion of hydrochloric acid) reduces the effectiveness of inhibitors proton pump.¹ People who struggle with anemia and take iron preparations should also not drink coffee because it causes the iron to not be absorbed. Other medicines that are not allowed to combine coffee are:

  • statins
  • aminophylline and theophylline
  • antibiotics (e.g., ciprofloxacin)
  • contraceptives
  • cimetidine
  • magnesium and calcium preparations
  • all painkillers
  • antifungal drugs

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You can read also: Coffee on a diet – how to prepare it to get the most benefits out of it?

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Coffee – side effects, side effects, contraindications

Caffeine increases the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, it also stimulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid, which favors the development of gastric ulcers. Therefore, patients with gastroenterological diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease should be advised to limit consumption of coffee.

The daily dose of caffeine for a healthy adult should not exceed 600 mg. In extreme cases, excessive consumption may cause nerve palsy, convulsions and even death. It is assumed that the lethal dose is determined according to the conversion of 150 mg of caffeine per 1 kg of body weight ( about 80 cups a day for a healthy person, without being overweight.) The safe dose is 600 mg per day, or about 6 cups.

Coffee flushes out magnesium from the body?

It is generally believed that coffee flushes out magnesium from the body.Indeed, after consuming coffee there is a slightly increased urinary excretion of magnesium, which persists for several hours.Caffeine contained in coffee causes a loss of magnesium in the amount of several mg per day.However, coffee is a source of not only caffeine, but also … magnesium.100 g grains provide 3 mg of this element.In the light of American food composition tables, depending on the brewing method, a portion of coffee supplies 7-24 mg of magnesium, while according to national data, 100 ml of coffee brew provides 12 mg of this element.5 Therefore coffee is a source of magnesium for the body (admittedly not too good, the average cup of coffee covers about 5% of the recommended daily intake of magnesium, so the increase in the supply of this ingredient through coffee does not seem to matter) 5, but the most important is that the cup of coffee provides more magnesium than it flushes out of the body.Therefore, the balance is positive.

Coffee – care properties

In many anti-aging cosmetics, caffeine is one of the most important ingredients, not only because it improves microcirculation in the skin, but also because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that help to combat various skin imperfections, but more importantly – polyphenol compounds contained in coffee ( mainly chlorogenic acid) delay the process of decomposition of vitamin C and thereby smooth out the unevenness of the skin and prevent the formation of new ones.

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Here you can read: Coffee and caffeine and theirs benefits for an active person

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Coffee in cosmetics – what’s the properties? Caffeine in skin and hair care

Caffeine in body cosmetics inhibits the lipogenesis process, i.e. the formation of new fat cells, and at the same time stimulates the lipolysis process – breakdown of triglycerides in the tissue. Accelerating fat burning significantly reduces the visibility of cellulite – with regular use of cosmetics with caffeine, the skin becomes smoother, firmer, more tense.

Caffeine is a component often used in eye creams, because it has a beneficial effect on the microcirculation in the capillaries of the skin – it widens them and thanks to that improves blood flow, which in turn reduces the oppressive dark circles under the eyes.

In addition, the coffee strengthens the hair.The caffeine in shampoos and hair conditioners stimulates their growth and reduces the sensitivity of the hair follicles to the adverse effect of hormones – this mainly affects male baldness as a result of dihydrotestosterone .Also, caffeine reduces the adverse effect of stress on hair follicles, significantly reducing their falling out.

Coffee – selection and storage

The best and the most tasty drink is obtained from freshly roasted and ground beans. They should be aromatic and free from cracks.

The darker the roasted coffee, the stronger and more bitter it will taste.

Store the coffee in a sealed box in a dry and cool place. Ground coffee, which will not be consumed during the week, can be stored in the fridge, but it should not be frozen.It’s good to know that coffee absorbs odors.

Coffee – application

Coffee is best grinded just before serving.Finely ground will brew the fastest.

You can get strong coffee by pouring two tablespoons of coffee for every 150 ml of water.

Cold water brings out the taste of ground coffee.

HERE YOU CAN READ PART 1/2