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Skin

Skin

Moisturized, radiant, with even color, firm and without breakouts. That should be our skin. However, not everyone can boast of a flawless complexion. Many factors affect the condition of the skin, some of them are also associated with diet. Do you know what products positively affect the condition of the skin and which do not serve it? We invite you to read!

Leather – construction and properties
Seemingly delicate and extremely sensitive, it protects the rest of the body against the harmful effects of mechanical, chemical and biological factors. Its main task is to maintain the balance between the external and internal environment. It is also a key element of the immune system, it creates the first barrier for microorganisms. Thanks to the secretory capabilities, it participates in the removal of many substances from the body and regulates the body temperature. The skin in the thickest place on the body is only 5 mm thick and is made up of three layers. These layers are the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The stratum corneum of the epidermis contains in its structure lipids and keratinocytes, which are responsible for water retention and proper hydration of the skin. The most important lipids present in the epidermis are ceramides and phospholipids. In addition to the regulation of hydration, they are responsible for barrier capacity, maintaining proper pH, proper skin breathing and metabolite exchange. The dermis is responsible for maintaining the immunological barrier, and due to the presence of collagen fibers, it is responsible for firmness and proper hydration.

The skin layers also include sebaceous and sweat glands, receptors sensitive both to cold and heat, nerve endings and capillary blood vessels. Their proper functioning and cooperation is a prerequisite for a good skin condition and, consequently, for a nice look. Properly moisturized and nourished skin fulfills all its functions even in extreme conditions.

Problems arise when the skin does not receive all the necessary ingredients and compounds. Then it begins to signal irregularities by the appearance of stains, discolorations, and breakouts on its surface. Other symptoms to which attention must be paid include redness and dryness of the skin.

Factors negatively affecting the appearance and condition of the skin
The skin is affected by both external and internal factors. Belong to them
– nutrition,
– addictions (alcohol abuse, smoking),
– UV radiation (no use of sunblock, frequent visits to the tanning bed),
– detergents,
– hormonal conditions,
– genetic predisposition,
– ceramide metabolism disorders,
stress,
– diseases and inflammation.

To be able to enjoy smooth skin with even color, it is necessary to comprehensively care for your body and if possible minimize the harmful effects of these factors, which are also responsible for the aging process and the loss of some skin properties.

Food ingredients favorably affecting the condition of the skin:

Water

Water is the main component of the human body. An adequate supply of water during the day has a positive effect on the functioning of the body. Water provides, among others maintenance of the correct thermoregulation process, maintenance of water-electrolyte balance and acid-base balance. Also, it is very important in maintaining the proper condition of the skin. It has been proven that the consumption of the right amount of water maintains proper skin tension. It also contributes to the increase of blood flow in the capillary vessels, which is associated with maintaining an adequate blood supply, elasticity, and firmness of the skin. Water shortages in the body affect the increase of dryness of the skin.

Vitamins
Particular attention should be paid to vitamins known for their strong antioxidant activity. This is about vitamins A, C and E. They have a significant impact on the proper functioning of the skin and its regeneration.

Vitamin A not only affects the color and nice appearance of the skin, additionally eliminates sun discoloration, stimulates the production of collagen and elastin in the proper skin layer, regulates sebaceous glands, accelerates the process of healing the skin and mucous membranes, and is an important part of acne and psoriasis treatment. Vitamin A is present in animal products and red, yellow and green vegetables and fruits (in the form of beta-carotene).
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Vitamin E protects the skin against free radicals, accelerates its regeneration, slows down the aging process and prevents skin keratosis. Its source is vegetable oils, fatty fish and nuts.

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Vitamin C also shows a similar effect. As a powerful antioxidant, it eliminates the effects of the presence of free radicals. The body is supplied by eating vegetables and fruits. However, it should be remembered that it is very sensitive to exposure to oxygen, temperature, and light, therefore the most vitamin C will have unprocessed vegetables and fruits collected in the season of their natural maturation.

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The research carried out in 2000 and 2003 by the National Food and Agriculture Organization suggested that the intake of vitamins among Poles does not coincide with the recommended norms. Deficiencies of B group vitamins and vitamin C are very common.

In turn, there is excessive consumption of vitamins A and E, especially in women, which may be the result of making preparations to improve the condition of hair, skin, and nails.

Mineral ingredients
In addition to vitamins, proper supply of macro- and micronutrients is very important. Calcium, potassium, iron, selenium, copper, zinc, iodine and silicon affect the proper skin condition and maintain its properties. These mineral ingredients allow you to maintain skin elasticity, prevent drying and scaling, alleviate the symptoms of acne and accelerate its treatment and have a positive effect on the processes of wound healing and skin damage. To maintain the proper levels of individual elements in the body, the diet should include whole grains, lean meat, fish, eggs, legume seeds as well as nuts and seeds.

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Essential unsaturated fatty acids
As the name suggests, it should necessarily appear in our diet. They have an extremely wide spectrum of action and have a positive effect on the entire body. Today, however, we are interested in their impact on the skin. In the dermis layer, some ceramides and phospholipids require linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids, which are obtained by the body as a result of transformations of essential fatty acids, namely omega-3 EPA and DHA.

EPA-DHA Balance
 
What effect do the fatty acids have on the skin? They prevent and alleviate inflammation and irritation, reduce dry skin occurring at hand and foot keratoderma, ichthyosis, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or acne, maintain proper skin hydration and regulate the process of keratinization of the epidermis. To provide the body with adequate amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, the diet should contain nuts, linseed, and linseed oil, pumpkin seeds, and fatty sea fish.

Polyphenols
These compounds are also strong antioxidants and are responsible for maintaining the close skin barrier and its condition. Neutralizing the action of free radicals, they slow down the aging process and condition the proper functioning of the skin. Polyphenols additionally protect the skin against the occurrence of discoloration. The source of polyphenols in the diet are tea (green and black) and fruits and vegetables of dark and intense color (peppers, beets, Aronia, cherries, blackcurrant, without). The darker the color, the higher the content of polyphenolic compounds.

Food products adversely affecting the condition of the skin
To visibly improve the condition of the skin it is necessary to exclude highly processed products from the diet, with the addition of preservatives, artificial colors and flavor enhancers. Consuming such foods in large quantities may result in the intensification or occurrence of acne lesions, allergies, allergies, urticaria, and even inflammation.

The recommendations of the NGOs inform about the health benefits of limiting or even eliminating the consumption of simple sugars. Normalizing blood glucose in this way supports and facilitates weight loss and general health. Another benefit of reducing the number of simple sugars in the diet is improving the condition of the skin. This is due to the presence of different hormones in the skin layers. Both excess and hormone deficiency disturbs the work of receptors, which leads to dryness and flaking of the skin, excessive secretion of sebum, the appearance of breakouts and other skin changes.

Plants improving the condition of the skin
Not only food has a positive effect on the appearance and overall condition of the skin. To improve its condition, it is also worth reaching for medicinal plants. They are often more effective and safer than the cosmetics for care that are popular in drugstores.

Medicinal plants affecting the skin Spirulina
– aloe vera,
– mountain arnica,
– Plantain
– regular onion,
– tea tree,
– St John’s wort,
– three-colored violet,
– purple coneflower,
– red oak,
– stopper rhizome,
– white jasmine,
– lemon balm,
– marigold,
– melilot,
– witch hazel,
– Walnut,
– oats,
– poplar buds,
– chamomile,
– horsetail,
– horse’s thigh,
– two-year evening primrose,
– comfrey.

The aforementioned medicinal plants are mostly applied locally to the skin as compresses or compresses. They can also be used as infusions, baths, tonics or oils. Some of them (oats, nuts, chamomile, onion, etc.) can be included in the daily menu if possible. The substances contained in the discussed plants have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, soothing properties and also accelerate wound healing and regeneration. Before using medicinal plants, we advise you to go to the attending physician or a dermatologist to consult safety and possible interactions with medications and to rule out possible allergic reactions.
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Non-nutritional factors affecting the condition of the skin
There is a close relationship between the level of stress and the condition of the skin. Stress, both caused by physical and mental factors, affects the functioning of the immune system. The neurotransmitters secreted as a result of this have a significant impact on the occurrence of dermatological diseases, especially those with an inflammatory basis. It is believed that diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, alopecia areata, urticaria, acne, lichen planus or albinism can develop due to emotional factors affecting our psyche and not cope with severe, chronic stress. Stressful conditions not only contribute to the occurrence of dermatoses but also exacerbate the course of those already occurring.

The skin is located in sex hormone receptors. Most of them are around the face. The occurrence of abnormalities in the secretion of hormones may initially be manifested by dryness and redness of the skin. Over time, there is visible loss of skin firmness and acceleration of aging processes manifested by the occurrence of wrinkles and slower regeneration (healing of wounds and skin damage). According to the authors of the study, also the high intake of simple sugars that affect the problems associated with the secretion and sensitivity of cells to insulin leads to dysregulation of the entire hormonal balance of the body.

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In scientific research it has been proven that tobacco smoke, and specifically the compounds contained in it, cause problems with wound healing, acceleration of skin aging, psoriasis Vulgaris, pustular pustules of hands and feet, skin and mucous membrane tumors, multiple axillary embryoids, warts and genital organs, and even Buerger’s disease. It is also suspected that smoking may have a significant impact on the development of acne, hand eczema, and malignant melanoma. Substances contained in tobacco smoke can cause a significant exacerbation of the course of these diseases. Such a strongly negative effect of cigarette smoking on the condition of the skin is associated with a wide range of activities, including nicotine stimulates the secretion of acetylcholine affecting the secretion of sweat, sebum, microcirculation, and angiogenesis. At the same time, it can also modulate the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of keratinocytes. Another effect of smoking is a significant decrease in the level of antioxidative vitamins in the body, especially A, C and E, which protect the skin against free radicals and condition its proper regeneration.

The style and way of feeding people with skin problems should be based on the recommendations of the Institute of Food and Nutrition. Specifically, it’s here for a varied diet based on unprocessed products and with the largest share of fresh vegetables and fruits. It may be helpful to stop smoking and reduce stress in helping to treat or relieve symptoms. It is good to do a hormone level test that also affects the appearance and condition of the skin.

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Detailed recommendations will certainly be given to us by a dermatologist, so you should seek the advice of an expert in this field to change your lifestyle for healthier skin.

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Hair Healthcare Skin

Black cumin – healing properties, nutritional values ​​and application

Black cumin is also known as black cumin, black sesame, Roman coriander, in older black cumin books it is also called the grain of Benedict. In general, the name black cumin comes from the Latin word nigellus or niger, meaning black. Regardless of what naming we use, we should reach for the nigella as often as possible. It is a plant that has been recognized in antiquity. Today it has lost some popularity in favor of exotic superfoods, but it is definitely worth reinstating it in the form of grains and black cumin oil. Why is it worth to include black cumin in the diet? 

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The use of black cumin 

To fight disease. Black cumin supports the immune system of the body (it has an immunoprotective effect), thanks to which it protects us against the action of both bacteria and viruses. For this reason, it is worth reaching for it in the autumn and winter, although it is possible to use black cumin all year long. It is a plant that promotes the production of antibodies, therefore it prevents infections and speeds up the treatment of those that have already appeared. Interestingly, black cumin is perfect for allergy sufferers. Research shows that it has an antihistamine effect, thanks to which it reduces allergic reactions. In some parts of the world, black cumin (and more precisely, black cumin oil) is used as an auxiliary in the treatment of asthma – it improves lung function, minimizes wheezing, and thus reduces the dose of conventional medicines. Black cumin also has antifungal activity – including Candida Albicans. 

A way to anemia. With anemia, it is usually recommended to eat red meat or to drink nettle juice, but it turns out that the treatment of anemia can be supported with black cumin. This plant increases the level of hemoglobin and the number of erythrocytes, thanks to which anemias recover more quickly. 

For parasites. Black cumin prevents the development of tapeworms and other parasites, including pinworms, so it is worth giving it as often as possible to children who are particularly vulnerable to contact with nematodes. Black cumin is effective in the fight against schistosomiasis (a parasitic disease caused by Schistosoma flukes). In addition to daily hygiene, it is also worth giving preventive blackcurrants to all family members. 

For the treatment of skin lesions. This property was used especially by the ancients; Black cumin was a very popular drug for all skin inflammations. It is worth knowing that this plant is suitable for atopic dermatitis and for fungal infections (due to its antiseptic and antifungal properties). In addition, it also promotes the treatment of acne. In case of inflammation, it is best to use it externally; you can wipe your face with blackberry infusion and you can rub oil into your skin and leave it overnight. Antibacterial action will prevent the further spread of acne and will speed up the treatment of the resulting breakouts. 

For people with insulin resistance. It helps regulate blood sugar, protects the pancreas, promoting its regeneration and renewal of pancreatic islets responsible for the production of insulin. It should be included in dishes containing carbohydrates, so that glucose does not jump rapidly after a meal. 

In addition, black cumin protects against the effects of radiation – in the study black cumin prevented damage caused by ionizing radiation in radiotherapy. Black cumin also helps to get rid of hypertension. Black cumin not only lowers blood pressure and reduces the risk of blood clots, but also protects against the growth of harmful homocysteine, leading to the development of atherosclerosis. Prevents the formation of kidney stones. It reduces the concentration of oxalates in the urine and inhibits the formation of kidney stones. It also works anti-ulcer in the stomach. Black cumin oil causes an increase in the amount of mucin (a component of saliva and bile, also present in the intestine) in the mucous membrane of the stomach. Black cumin has also proven effectiveness against Helicobacter pylori bacteria. It brings relief in the case of symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Black cumin regulates menstruation, and supports lactation in nursing women. 

Composition and nutritional value of black cumin 

In black cumin, we find fatty acids, proteins, alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, essential oils, vitamins and minerals. Black cumin is a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids, mainly linoleic acid, as well as oleic acid and rare eicosadienoic acid. In black cumin you can find, among others thymoquinone, thymohochoquinone and dithymoquinone, i.e. chemical compounds with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antifungal and antibacterial properties. Black cumin seeds are a rich source of vitamins (at least vitamin E, from group B) and mineral salts – calcium, iron, potassium, zinc, phosphorus and copper. In black nigella, we can also find phytosterols and a number of less known phytochemicals. 

Rescue for hair and skin 

Black cumin oil was appreciated by people fighting dandruff. Interestingly, black cumin not only cures skin inflammation, but can also reduce baldness. It is recommended to use it directly on the hair as a wiper, but it can also be used as an internal support. Black cumin contains valuable unsaturated fatty acids, mainly linoleic acid, oleic acid and rare eicosadienoic acid – necessary min. for the health of hair, skin and nails. In addition, it can affect faster hair growth because it stimulates the bulb. For this reason, it is worth using oil directly on the base and rub into the scalp. Black cumin oil is an effective remedy for sunburns, ulcers, cuts and purulent lesions. 

The use of black cumin in the kitchen 

Black cumin is most often used as an addition to bread and cheese. The seeds are added to sauerkraut and pickled cucumbers. Black cumin will be useful primarily in dry dishes , because it has a characteristic, spicy taste (sometimes used as a substitute for pepper). It is worth to use it as a spice, and the oil can be added to salads to enhance their taste. Black cumin will be perfect for all marinades for meat; it combines well with with poultry, it also fits well with cottage cheese. 

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You can read also: Curcumin – a natural alternative to painkillers!

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Healthcare Skin

Stretch marks

The skin is a delicate “matter covering our body. Therefore, it should not be too surprising that in the case of local loss of integrity – weakening of the structural core layer – we use the word stretch, which is associated with a stocking in which “eyes flew. 

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The scientific name-striae distensae-was introduced by Roderer in 1773, who first described the phenomenon of stretch marks. It was not until 1867, however, Koestner explained them from the histological point of view, highlighting the atrophy of the basic substance and fibrous component, which he gave the name striae atrphicae. 

Appearance and occurrence 

Striae appear as linear, parallel strands separated by healthy skin. Their appearance is usually asymptomatic, but it can be combined with a gentle sensation of pruritus, less burning, pain. 

The color of these highlights depends on the evolutionary phase. At the beginning, when the inflammatory component, pseudo-hypertrophic, prevails, the stretch marks are red, red or red-blue. in the scarring phase they are thinner, more even, sunken in relation to the surrounding skin and become whitish, sometimes with a pearly shade. Stretch marks are usually bilateral, i.e. appear on both sides of the body, in every area of ​​the body except for face, hands and feet. On the belly they can have a radiant or fan-shaped look, on the hips transverse, on the breast radial from the nipple, and in the lumbosacral region are horizontal. In women, this disorder occurs twice as often as in men, it can occur at any age, although most often during puberty and pregnancy. In the first case, it concerns 35% of young people. The most frequent spots of stretch marks are in the case of girls’ hips, thighs and breasts, in boys the cross-lumbar region. 

Pathogenesis 

Medical literature in relation to the histological structure of stretch marks is admittedly ambiguous, but the most characteristic features can be distinguished. These are the diminutive epidermis, which lost its papillary drawing, and the dermis – also thinner, with changes primarily in the fibrin component. Collagen fibers are joined in groups arranged parallel to the surface of the skin, while elastic fibers at the sub-median level are atrophied, and in other areas are few and very delicate. The cellular and vascular component is small, and the hair and seborrhea attachments are practically absent. Stretch marks, being widespread pathology, are still not well known in terms of its pathogenesis. Most researchers accept the two theories of their emergence in the environment and mechanics. According to the first, the formation of stretch marks is associated with excessive secretion of glucocorticoids. According to the second – with rapid elongation and shortening (traumatism, strong and repetitive muscle contractions, such as in sports), which cause the vascular and fiber components of the skin to be drawn, leading to local ischemia and discontinuation of collagen fibers. In fact, both mechanisms play a fundamental role in the formation of stretch marks, and they benefit from individual genetic predisposition. 

Striae once created, remain indefinitely. Sometimes they may be partially repressed, probably as a result of the genetically determined ability of the body to respond to mechanical injuries. 

Early prevention

Currently, there is no medical therapy, which is able to cause them to disappear. For this reason, prevention is so important and early, because stretch marks arise at a very young age. 

Therefore, it is important to control body weight, which is not only about obesity as such, but also to limit excessive increases in body weight during pregnancy and to avoid overly rapid and rapid dietary therapies. To maintain the best condition of the skin, proper nutrition is essential. You must remember to provide proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and vitamins (A, E, PP, B5) in an amount depending on the physiological state (pregnancy, puberty). 

Physical exercises must be progressive; avoid long-lasting and strong muscle cramps. The combination of moderate sports activity and massage improves vascular and lymphatic microcirculation and may be useful for toning the tissues and preventing the formation of these aesthetic defects, especially during pregnancy. 

Typically cosmetological prevention is based on the local use of creams, gels, oils and plant-based preparations, elastin, collagen, biostimoline, vitamins, placental preparations, acetazolamides, alpha-hydroxy acids, etc. Precursors are also present in local preparations. Collagen, such as proline linoleate, hydroxyproline complex and others. 

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You can read also: 3 steps to restore collagen and a youthful bounce to your skin

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Healthcare Skin

Acne

The biggest aspect of this disease is the effect on well-being.

Often this condition causes not only skin scars, but also profound changes in the young person’s psyche. This is manifested mainly in social contacts. People who have acne feel worse than their peers who have no skin problems.

What causes acne?

Acne is caused by three main factors that make up
– clogged by excess fat and contamination of pores \ n- bacteria living on the skin \ n- excessive fat production through the skin

We distinguish several types of acne, but the most popular is youthful, otherwise known as common. It affects adolescents during puberty.

The occurrence of this acne is caused

One of several forms of acne is comedones. They are usually located in the area of ​​the beard, nose, chest and back. Blackheads are characterized by dark dots and blackheads.

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Deep acne, however, is characterized by deep purulent infiltrates in the form of nodules. This type of acne, untreated, leaves unsightly marks in the form of scars and swellings on the skin.

Strict adherence to cleanliness in acne patients is necessary. It is recommended to wash the skin with water and rub it with a thread moistened in a herbal solution.

Ideally, if they are herbs, it is also worth to buy amber milk.
Treatment of severe acne varieties should be under the supervision of a dermatologist.

Recommended products for the treatment of acne

Vitamin E and selenium as well as chromium help in combating acne.

Rosacea is another variation of this ailment. He touches adults. It is characterized by erythematous eruptions, papulloids and pustules. It is located primarily on the forehead, nose and nasolabial folds. It causes itching or burning.

The basis of this disease is above all

The treatment of rosacea is based on eliminating disorders of the digestive system, administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory and sedative agents. \ NIt can also help herbs with a calming effect and improving metabolism.
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Check also: Clear Skin – how to win against acne!

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An example of a herbal mixture recommended for people with rosacea

In the treatment of various types of acne, vaccines are often recommended. Phototherapy, laser therapy, physical therapy and cryotherapy can also help us.