Hydrate yourself!

Water is essential in all cells of the human body. Without it, there is no life, and its lack in a few days can lead to death. Insufficient hydration of the body disturbs its balance and leads to many disorders of health. There is still much talk about the negative effects of coffee and tea on the body’s water management. Are coffee and tea dehydrating?

 Proper hydration of the body
Water is the most important inorganic ingredient in the body. It performs many important functions, including supports metabolic processes, facilitates the movement of fecal mass, cleanses toxins, transports organic and inorganic components to all cells and regulates body temperature.

The demand for water depends on many factors, i.e. age, sex, weight or fat content. The body needs more fluids along with increased physical activity and increasing ambient temperature, which is caused by additional loss of water along with sweat. Because water is involved in metabolic processes, the demand for this ingredient increases with the increased energy value of the diet. Also, particular macronutrients are important because a large amount of protein in the daily diet contributes to increased diuresis.

The water level in the body should always be at the same level, i.e. the water balance must be zero. This means that the amount of water supplied with liquids and food and arising in the combustion processes should be equal to the amount of water excreted in urine, feces, and then exhaled air.

 Dehydration of the body – symptoms
The body cannot store water. Therefore, its lack in the diet quickly leads to dehydration. The first symptoms are already present with a 1% water loss. There is then a decline in physical performance, reduced thermoregulation and a lack of appetite. With increasing dehydration, there are problems with concentration, headaches, drowsiness, nervousness, increased body temperature, and respiratory rate.

Dehydration of the body – effects
Dehydration leads to serious health effects such as

– pain and dizziness,
– cognitive impairment,
– motor function disorders,
– speech problems,
– Heart arrhythmia,
– pre-renal renal failure,
– changes in blood pressure,
– constipation,
– dry skin,
– malfunction of taken medicines,
– impaired salivation.

Coffee and tea as a source of water
The source of water for humans is drinking water, various types of beverages and food products. Coffee ranks second in the ranking of the most frequently consumed beverages.

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) issued a statement recommending the intake of liquids without added sugar to reduce its amount in the diet. However, he does not pay attention to diuretic drinks, such as coffee and tea. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that healthy adults consume no more than 400 mg of caffeine per day, which is about 3-4 cups of coffee a day.

Do coffee and tea have a dehydrating effect
A popular myth about the allegedly draining effect of coffee and tea is based on the presence of caffeine in their composition. Caffeine is a natural substance that occurs in coffee, tea, and cocoa. This substance inhibits the reabsorption of sodium in the kidney tubules, and consumed in large doses (> 500 mg) has a diuretic effect.

The first study conducted by Fisher SM et al. On the diuretic properties of caffeine showed that regular consumption of this compound may contribute to the body’s specific tolerance to this substance. Besides, further research confirms that moderate consumption of caffeine does not contribute to significant dehydration of the body.

The purpose of one of the studies conducted by Grandjean A. et al. Was to determine the effect of various drinks, including caffeine, on the hydration status of the body. The study involved 18 men aged 24-39 who drank various caffeinated drinks, a total of 624 mg per day. The loss of water was determined by determining the amount of urine output. In men, there was a decrease in total body water by 2.7% and an increased urine output by 42%. Because the project participants consumed caffeine drinks every day, and 5 days before the study eliminated caffeine from the diet, the test results should be interpreted very carefully. Also, the authors themselves do not confirm the dehydrating effect of caffeinated beverages.

On the other hand, studies carried out by Killer SC, Blannin AK and Jeukendrup AE did not show the drainage properties of coffee. The study involved 50 men, who usually drank 5-6 cups of coffee a day. The experiment was divided into 2 trials, each of them lasting 3 days. During the study, men consumed 4 times a day 200 ml of coffee, which contained 4 mg of caffeine per kilogram of body weight or in the same amount of clean water. The physical activity of the participants and the solid and liquid food they eat were monitored throughout. The level of hydration of the body was tested before and after each trial. The study did not show statistically significant differences in the hydration of the body between coffee consumption and the consumption of clean water.

In the context of the dewatering effect of tea and coffee the most important is the dose, which was confirmed by the study of Seala AD et al. The researchers showed that the consumption of 6 mg of caffeine per kilogram of body weight per day can cause a diuretic effect, while 3 mg/kg bodyweight does not disturb the water balance in body.

In 2015, the European Food Safety Authority issued an opinion according to which the dose of caffeine above 6 mg/kg body weight per day does not contribute to the disturbance of the body’s water manage

The caffeine content in coffee and tea
Tea leaves contain 4.5% more caffeine compared to the amount of caffeine in coffee beans that contain a maximum of 2.5% of this compound. However, in the production of tea, the amount of caffeine decreases. The caffeine content in tea depends on the variety, growing conditions, degree of fermentation, type and brewing method. Namely, 100 g of black tea contains 2.8-3.8 mg of caffeine, whereas green tea only 1.0-2.1 mg of this substance.

The caffeine content in coffee also varies and depends on the type of coffee, the production process, and the brewing method. Robusta coffee contains twice as much caffeine as arabica coffee.

To sum up, to make tea and coffee dehydrating, drink on average 10 cups of black tea or 5 cups of brewed coffee per day.


Red tea

There are many properties of red tea, among them you can replace weight loss, lowering cholesterol or protecting against caries. To get the most out of its properties, you need to know how to brew it and what species to pay attention to. 


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1. Pu-erh, oolong, puszong – species of red tea 

Currently available types of red tea are pu-erh, oolong, puszong. In the PRL, oolong red tea was commonly available, which was called ulung. However, pu-erh tea is better in taste. Hardly anyone knew then that this commonly consumed drink is helpful in many ailments. 

The best red tea is mainly produced in south-eastern China and Taiwan. All varieties of red tea are semi-fermented tea. In some varieties, the fermentation process is very short, others have to mature at the end of the process. The most expensive and, at the same time, the best teas mature for up to 50 years. 

2. Red tea for slimming 

Red tea due to the fact that fermentation processes occur in it less than in black, contains more enzymes and polyphenols, thanks to which its operation is better. Polyphenols are compounds that help digestion and regulate bile secretion, accelerate fat burning, and lower cholesterol. Optimized bile secretion makes the fats supplied with food more efficiently absorbed and digested. 

How many teas do you need to drink to help you lose weight? For red tea to help lose weight, drink from 3 to 6 cups of tea a day, preferably after a meal. The beneficial effects of red tea, apart from those supporting slimming, are many. Red tea improves memory, has diuretic properties, normalizes blood pressure, and thanks to the fluoride content it can protect teeth against decay. 

Recent studies have shown its effect on reducing the risk of developing cancer. Good red tea is a source of minerals, manganese, calcium, essential oils and fluorine. Red tea can be successfully replaced with coffee, because it has a stimulating, gentle and long-lasting effect. Green tea also has this effect. 

One cup of red tea contains 12 mg of caffeine (coffee 60-120 mg). Caffeine from red tea, thanks to the presence of tannins, is absorbed much slower than that from coffee, which is why its action lasts longer. Although red tea and slimming are concepts that can go hand in hand, this does not mean that drinking it alone will result in getting rid of unnecessary kilograms. 

3. Red tea – summary 

Consumption of 5-6 cups of red tea will support the weight loss process, improve the removal of toxins and unnecessary metabolic products from the body. The processes responsible for fat burning will be accelerated and the weight loss effects will be visible faster. Red tea consumed half an hour after each meal shows the best effect. However, it should be remembered that the key elements guaranteeing the expected weight loss effects are a healthy, properly balanced diet and regular physical activity. 


You can read also: Is green tea healthy for stomach and liver?


Yerba mate is the equivalent of tea or coffee

Yerba mate is the equivalent of tea or coffee traditionally drunk in Poland, especially popular in the countries of South America, the Middle East in Syria and Lebanon. It is a brew from the leaves of the Paraguay holly, steamed and sipped from dishes made of gourd fruit. It is poured more than tea and it is flooded with water several times. Yerba mate is drunk through the tube. It is a drink highly valued for its properties. 


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1. Properties yerba mate 

Yerba mate has many valuable properties. Through its influence on the body increases immunity, improves digestion, increases concentration. It helps in cleansing the body by removing toxic substances. Drinking yerba mate tolerates fatigue, stimulates the mind, promotes slimming, reduces stress and helps in falling asleep. The active substance found in yerba mate is mateina, which is a variation of caffeine. 

However, the action of yerba mate is not as short and intense as coffee. Yerba mate stimulates long-term and has stimulating, laxative, astringent, diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic properties. It is the source of such vitamins A, C, E, B1, B2, carotene, pantothenic acid and biotin. It also contains minerals magnesium, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, manganese, silicon, sulfur, zinc. Other components found in yerba mate are hydrochloric acid, chlorophyll, choline or inositol. 

2. The influence of yerba mate on slimming 

Among the many properties of yerba mate, antioxidant and anti-cancer properties can be distinguished. It lowers LDL cholesterol and increases the level of HDL fraction, thanks to which it reduces the risk of atherosclerotic changes in the body and cardiovascular diseases. 

The effects of drinking yerba mate are support for weight loss by increasing the sense of satiety and inhibiting the activity of pancreatic lipase, which breaks down fats – which helps reduce the amount of fat absorbed by the body. Among the properties affecting weight loss is the support of digestion and regulating the level of sugar. Yerba mate can also be included in products that have anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antiparasitic properties. 

3. How to properly brew yerba mate? 

Yerba is served in dishes that are called mate and guampa. They are made of gourds, they can be ceramic or wooden. The drought is poured into 3/4 volume, then the ground leaves and shovels are appropriately arranged. Set the dish in such a way that the drought creates a slant. The next step is to put in it a tube called bombilla, which is used for drinking. Then the drought is flooded with water. Its temperature should be between 65 and 80 ° C, it can not boil. 

The first brew should be with the amount of water to dry it completely. Then, after waiting a few minutes, the water is full. The high quality of the dried allows for multiple brewing. Yerba mate can be brewed in various ways Argentinean and Uruguayan methods differ in the type of vessel used for brewing and the method of inserting bombils in droughts. 

It is worth to include yerba mate in your daily menu and replace it with a popular drink such as tea. However, what kind of yerba mate is the best? Opinions on this subject are divided, everything depends on your taste and preferences, because there are so many types of this drink. 

For some, the weaker yerba will be the best, others will prefer a more aromatic one. Information on which yerba may be appropriate to our liking and what is the price can be found in the forum, where many people share their opinions on the subject. 


You can read also: Is green tea healthy for stomach and liver?


Rooibos tea – health properties

Rooibos, African rooibos (from Afrikaans rooi red, bos shrub) is an endemic plant that grows only in South Africa. Ripe, dried leaves and stems of this bush have found application in the preparation of infusions, which are often called South African red tea (rooibos tea or redbush tea). 

The long green African raspberry needles are dried, crushed and fermented. It is the fermentation process that gives the rooibos a red color. Despite the many similarities, the infusion of rooibos is not really tea, and this plant is not related to the tea bush, as it is commonly called rooibos tea, in the article we will also use this name. The rooibos was considered a life-giving plant for traditional peoples living in southern Africa. So what makes rooibos infusions more and more popular and why they owe their health properties? 


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What does the infusion of rooibos contain? 

What distinguishes an infusion of rooibos from traditional teas is a less harsh and bitter taste. This is due to the lack of tannins that give the tea its characteristic bitterness. Rooibos also does not contain caffeine or oxalic acid. Infusion of African raspberry leaves is characterized by a high content of antioxidants, polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamin C and macro- and microelements such as iron, potassium, copper, manganese, magnesium, zinc. 

Health properties of rooibos tea 

Rooibos infusions show a large number of different health properties. They are used for stomach ulcers and heartburn. Thanks to the phenolic acid content, rooibos helps to eliminate nausea. Antioxidants and vitamin C destroy free radicals, protect cells against oxidative stress and prevent the aging of the body. Positive influence of regular consumption of rooibos infusions on the circulatory system has been demonstrated. They help to regulate blood pressure and lower the level of the LDL cholesterol fraction. Rooibos infusions are recommended in states of nervous tension. Thanks to the high content of flavonoids, which stimulate the secretion of happiness hormones, rooibos infusions relax, relax, improve mood, relieve hyperactivity and insomnia. Supplementary properties of electrolytes help in states of dehydration, diarrhea and high physical effort. Traditionally rooibos is administered by African people to pregnant and nursing women to increase lactation. African mothers also give rooibos infusions to their children in cases of colic and abdominal pain. 

Who are the rooibos infusions for? 

Due to the lack of caffeine content rooibos infusions can be consumed by young children, pregnant women and people hypersensitive to caffeine. Due to the lack of content of oxalic acid, which contributes to the formation of kidney stones and hinders the absorption of calcium infusions with rooibos can be used by people suffering from kidney stones and osteoporosis. Thanks to the supportive action lactation rooibos is recommended for nursing women. Among athletes, rooibos infusions are ideally complemented by electrolyte deficiencies. 

How to prepare a brew with rooibos? 

Ready-made rooibos droughts and individually packaged sachets ready to be brewed are available on the market. The infusion of rooibos is prepared like traditional tea, pouring hot water at a temperature of 95 degrees and brewing for 5-10 minutes. Delicate honey aroma rooibos ideally composes with the addition of milk, lemon and honey. 

Application of rooibos properties in cosmetics 

Due to the high content of antioxidants, rooibos is a valued raw material for cosmetics. It has an anti-aging effect, which makes it often found in anti-wrinkle creams and firming balms. 

Application of rooibos in the kitchen 

In addition to preparing health infusions, rooibos is used in Africa, among other things, to produce ice cream. It also perfectly blends with meat and fish dishes. Growed only in southern Africa, African rooibos is a plant that exhibits many health properties. Ready rooibos infusions help maintain health and vitality, are used in the kitchen and are used in the production of cosmetics. 


You can read also: For the love of seniors – the composition of the tea


How many calories does coffee and tea have?

Black coffee and sugar-free tea do not provide calories. An espresso cup has only 1 kcal, and 0 kcal tea. It is enough, however, to add milk, sugar, whipped cream or flavored syrup so that the caloric value will increase significantly. Often you add not one, but a few additions. It is thanks to them that coffee can turn into a calorific bomb. 


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If you drink a few of these beverages during the day, you may find that you have consumed the amount of calories in a large dinner. Coffee with whipped cream and amaretto syrup is like dessert, but at the same time it still remains liquid, which reduces hunger to a small extent. 

The caloricity of tea depends on 

added sugar, 

addition of honey, 

addition of flavored syrups (eg raspberry). 

The caloricity of coffee depends on 

milk type, 

addition of flavored syrups, 

addition of whipped cream. 

Calorific value of classic coffees and teas 

See how many calories have classic types of coffees and teas without sugar! 

A cup of espresso coffee (50 ml) 1 kcal 

A cup of cappuccino coffee (150 ml) 55 kcal 

A glass of latte coffee (250 ml) 143 kcal 

A glass of cereal coffee (250 ml) 5 kcal 

A glass of black, green, red, white tea without sugar (250 ml) 0 kcal 

A glass of raspberry tea, hibiscus without sugar (150 ml) 0 kcal 

Caloricity of coffee and tea additives 

Check how many calories have the most popular additions to coffee and tea. 

A glass of milk 0.5% (250 ml) 98 kcal 

A glass of milk 2% (250 ml) 128 kcal 

A glass of milk 3.2% (250 ml) 153 kcal 

A glass of soy drink (milk) (250 ml) 103 kcal 

A glass of coconut milk (milk) (250 ml) 63 kcal 

A glass of almond drink (milk) (250 ml) 75 kcal 

Portion of whipped cream 145 kcal 

A spoon of amaretto syrup 32 kcal 

A spoon of raspberry syrup 21 kcal 

A spoon of sugar (5 g) 20 kcal 

A spoon of honey (12 g) 39 kcal 

The effect of tea and coffee additives on their calorific value 

We will show you how additives change the calorie content of coffee! See how the calories increase! 

Espresso + a glass of milk 2% 129 kcal 

Espresso + a glass of milk 2% + whipped cream 274 kcal 

Espresso + a glass of milk 2% + whipped cream + 2 tablespoons of flavored syrup 338 kcal 

A glass of black tea without sugar 0 kcal 

A glass of black tea with a teaspoon of 20 kcal sugar 

A glass of black tea with 2 teaspoons of 60 kcal sugar 

A glass of black tea with 3 teaspoons of 60 kcal sugar 

If you drink during the day 

2 teas (each sweetened with 2 teaspoons of sugar), 

latte coffee without sugar, 

flavored coffee with whipped cream and syrup, 

together you will provide an additional 600 kcal! Pay attention to this during the next meeting with friends in the cafe. 


You can read also: Coffee on a diet – how to prepare it to get the most benefits out of it?


Green tea raises the HGH level

The effect of growth hormone (HGH) on the results achieved by people in body sports is widely known. It can help the body in many areas. Unfortunately, very few athletes know that you can naturally increase its level in a very simple way. 


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How does HGH affect the figure? 

HGH can reduce the overall percentage of body fat, and further increase the cardiovascular capacity. Thanks to this, not only training is more effective, but also by the loss of body fat, muscle tissue is enhanced. It is worth noting that HGH also affects a quieter sleep, which makes the body regenerate faster. 

What is Growth Hormone really? 

The growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland and is a substance that naturally occurs in the human body. Unfortunately, the production of growth hormone is not uniform – with the passage of years it is less and less. 

Drink green tea! 

Green tea is an excellent stimulus for the body, which can increase the production of growth hormone. As shown in the research published in the scientific journal Alternative Medicine Review, the active substance found in green tea is directly related to the level of growth hormone. During the research, an experiment was carried out in which participants were imposed a low-calorie diet. They were divided into two groups – in the first group, the researchers included products containing green tea in the diet, and in the second group they used a placebo. The experiment lasted for a total of 90 days. 

The results were surprising. The first group of people who were recommended to drink green tea and eat products containing green tea, increased the level of growth hormone up to 320%. Compared to the second group, HGH only increased by 20%. It is also worth adding that both groups reported an additional increase in IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor). It is a basic substance that is secreted under the influence of growth hormone. As before, in both groups, the researchers observed large differences in the results of the increase in the insulin-like substance. In the first group, where participants consumed products containing green tea, IGF-1 increased by 24%, while in the second group by only 15%. People who used green tea products lost weight three times as much as the subjects who used the placebo. 

Natural supplementation with a recipe for success 

The research results leave no illusions – green tea increases not only the level of HGH, but also IGF-1. You can find here an analogy between diet and exercise – both stimuli complement each other and drive our body to work. This is the relationship between the active substance found in green tea and the level of growth hormone. A wise combination of diet, training and natural supplementation (green tea) can bring a result that we fight so hard for. A healthy, strong and shapely figure. 


You can read also: Is green tea healthy for stomach and liver?


Why should you drink tea every day?

Tea is primarily the leader in Central and Eastern Europe as well as Asia. People from those regions have been enjoying the pro-health properties of tea for centuries. Why is drinking tea so important to our health? 

If you are passionate about coffee and drink two or three cups every day, you may find that your body needs a change. A very good replacement for coffee is tea. Research has shown that it helps to achieve and maintain the body in good health and in good condition. 


Here you can find supplements with tea – CLICK


Green tea and its health promoting effect 

This type of tea works antioxidant, much stronger than some vitamin C or E. It turns out that even black tea has less antioxidant power than green. These differences result from different ways of producing these two varieties during the production process, black tea leaves lose some of their components that have health-promoting properties. 


Benefits of drinking green tea 

It has been shown that green tea helps in the prevention of cancer. Mostly the intestines, pancreas or stomach. What’s more, it also helps reduce the risk of prostate, bladder or lung cancer. 

Research has shown that green tea reduces the level of LBL, the so-called ‘bad cholesterol’. The drink also helps in leveling it, when we eat high-calorie products that contain a lot of it. This is very important for those who are out of the training season and allow themselves for more fat and caloric meals. 

People with infarction very often drink green tea because it lowers blood pressure. 

Studies on diabetics have shown that green tea helps to lower blood sugar levels. Similarly, the level of sugar in the body can be controlled by using a healthy diet. One of its elements may be the daily drinking of a cup of green tea. 

Green tea, as shown by numerous studies, supports the treatment of various types of infections, colds and influenza. 


The benefits of drinking white tea 

The main difference between green and white tea is the method of their production. To make green tea, its leaves are heat-treated to dry completely. However, if white tea is produced, the leaves are exposed to the sun, where they naturally dry up. Sometimes a different way is used – tea is left in a greenhouse at low temperature. It is worth noting that the leaves of white tea are collected with the utmost care – real white tea is made only from the leaves of the Da Bai Hao shrub. 

That’s why white tea has three times more antioxidants than green and black. It has been confirmed in studies that white tea is twice as effective in purifying the body from free radicals than other types of it. 


Vitamins and minerals contained in tea 

Flavonoids and catechins belong to the group of polyphenolic compounds. They help fight radicals that cause cancer and various heart diseases. 


You can read also: Is green tea healthy for stomach and liver?


Tea good for everything!

We like to sip tasty, aromatic, well-brewed tea. It will warm our body and sometimes even get rid of bad mood. Some say that he has the power to heal not only physical but also spiritual. 

There are many species of this drink, and we can choose the right one for us. It is best to buy it in a specialist tea shop. We then have the confidence that we will drink tea, which has no artificial additives that may cause allergies and allergies, and we will find those that have great health benefits. 


Here you can find supplements with tea – CLICK 



Connoisseurs can choose from many types, e.g. Rooibos, Two Sources, Pu-Erh, Earl Gray, Gunpowder. They are valued because of their special, beneficial properties. Professional and aesthetic packaging of these teas means that they do not lose anything of their aroma and taste.

– People with gastro-intestinal problems, experts suggest Rooibos tea, which also relieves depression, reduces nervousness, is recommended for insomnia and headaches. Its antibacterial and antiviral effects make it great for oral problems. Even pregnant women and nursing mothers can drink it because of the iron contained in it. Thanks to routine, it improves blood circulation and reduces hypertension. 

Rooibos also contains fluorine, copper, vitamin C, sodium and potassium, phenolic acids, quercetin. 

– If you want to enjoy the wonderful taste and aroma, drink two sources of tea or Earl-Gray. The former comes from the sources of the White and Blue Nile, where the prevailing microclimate is particularly beneficial for tea crops. Connoisseurs claim that the longer they drink it, the more richness of taste they discover. Earl-Gray, however, relieves throat inflammation, nervous tension, depression and apathy. 

– Or maybe we care about a long life? Japanese scientists believe that Gunpowder’s green tea is the secret of a long life and the brightness and activity of our mind. Its healing properties have been used in Chinese and Japanese medicine for centuries. This drink also protects, among others before a heart attack, reduces the risk of cancer, inhibits caries and also prevents stress. 

– The best, with a delicate aroma, Pu-Erh red teas ripen for several decades. Researchers report that red Pu-Erh has many healing properties, including supports liver function, cleanses the body, stimulates digestive processes and alleviates the effects of alcohol. 

The monks used special methods of tea processing. It was processed differently than it is now. Sometimes it was even made in the form of silage and served as food, not necessarily as a drink. There is a completely different culture of drinking tea in Tibetan areas. There, it is pressed into cubes and whipped into powder before consumption. Such tea is boiled in milk or in water and salt and animal tallow are added. 



Heals and improves the mood. 

There have been recent studies of why people living in the Far East have such a long life. It was found that those who drink a lot of tea live longer because of the health properties of its individual ingredients. The healing properties are mainly attributed to her ability to inactivate oxygen free radicals. The tea turned out to be an antioxidant. Green tea has such properties. 

Red-fermented red teas mainly regulate the digestive system. Black, on the other hand, do not have healing properties, but they contain the most tein of all teas. The more fermented tea is, the more tein it contains. 

Black teas (fermented during the ripening process) have a stimulating effect on the circulatory system. People with low blood pressure after drinking black tea are lively and stimulated. People with high blood pressure can drink green tea, which is slightly fermented. Recent studies have shown that tea contains a lot of fluoride and is an excellent natural remedy that protects our teeth against decay. It also has bactericidal properties and contains a lot of vitamins, such as vitamin C. In Poland it is popular to use tea compressions for purulent eyes and for various types of wounds. 



You can get rid of Teina. 

There are two ways to get rid of tein from tea. The first method has been practiced for years and involves rinsing the thein with various chemical compounds. The tea leaf is rinsed many times in chemical solutions until the thein is rinsed out of the plant. Unfortunately, each of these rinsing compounds leaves a mark, which is not without significance for our health. 

The second way (having many opponents) is the genetic modification of the plant, which is certainly healthier than chemical interventions. 



How to prepare a tea infusion? 

The way of brewing and drinking tea came mainly to Poland from Russia. Tea was boiled there in teapots, teapots, samovars. Tea leaves have been in water for a long time. 

Research has shown that if a tea leaf stays in water for a long time, it also ferments, releasing harmful ingredients for the human body. Some of them are even carcinogenic. The culture of drinking tea in Western Europe is different. The leaf is brewed for the right kind of tea for the right time. In general, it takes between 2 and 5 minutes. After this time, it is necessary to separate the leaf, i.e. grounds from the infusion. For brewing, use only soft water, rich in oxygen. The most harmful component of water for tea infusion is calcium. 

Mineral water is excellent for drinking, but it is not suitable for brewing tea or coffee. Do not use distilled water. For brewing, use only clay-coated teapots, porcelain or glass. Aluminum or iron teapots will spoil its taste and smell. Dry the tea in a pre-warmed teapot with water at the moment when tiny bubbles appear on its surface. If we want to drink a good tea, do not let it boil. The boiling causes the oxygen contained in the water to be released rapidly. It is possible to brew two or three times. Each time we will find a different taste. The length of brewing tea depends on its effect. At the beginning of the teina, only after 3-5 minutes, polyphenols, commonly called tannins, are released. These ingredients neutralize the action of teine, so after 7 minutes of brewing, the infusion can be completely free of tein and no more stimulant. In this brew, however, there is a lot of tannin. 


You can read also: Is green tea healthy for stomach and liver?


Rooibos – properties and application. The way of brewing rooibos tea.


Rooibos is a shrub from South Africa, it has been known in Europe for 100 years. Its leaves are processed like tea leaves and used to drink in the form of a brew. Rooibos has a mild, sweet taste and amber color. It has a wide therapeutic use mainly due to the presence of antioxidants. 

Rooibos, or African Raspberry (Aspalathus linearis), is a plant growing in South Africa in the Cederberg Mountains, which are about 300 km from Cape Town. The natural habitats of the plant have been used to organize large-scale cultivation and now there are rooibos plantations in this area. It is an area unfriendly to other plants, characterized by sandy soils and very dry summers. Due to the fact that rooibos has been growing there ever since, there is no need for fertilizers or parasitic agents. It is possible to call rooibos tea, however, this shrub is not related to tea bushes. The plant reaches a height of 1-1.5 m. The leaves of rooibos are narrow and oblong, have the shape of needles. They are usually collected in the middle of summer, in January, and then cut into 2-3-millimeter needles. 

How is rooibos created? 

Like tea, rooibos can be fermented. For this purpose, moistened leaves are poured into 20-cm heaps and left for a few days in a warm place. During this time, rooibos turns red and brown. The leaves are then dried in the sun to a moisture content of 10%. 

In the world, the red rooibos being fermented is more known, but also green. 

Rooibos has been known for generations in South Africa. He came to Europe only in 1904 thanks to the Russian merchant Benjamin Ginsberg, whose family was involved in the sale of tea. In Africa, rooibos also drank Dutch settlers who treated the brew as a substitute for expensive black tea. The popularity of rooibos increased after 1930, when Dr. Peter Le Fras Nortier – surgeon and botanist – began to experiment with the cultivation of the plant. 


Rooibos – brew and the way of serving 

Rooibos is brewed for 4-5 minutes with water at 95 degrees Celsius. A teaspoon of tea is used for one cup of water. Rooibos can be bought in leaves and bags. 

Do you cook buckwheat or rice in sacks? You regularly treadIn a plastic bag for rice and kasha, a toxic substance is present. Regularly consumed, it ruins health. 


The leaves are best brewed with a paper filter, because they are finely chopped through the sieves. The brew of red rooibos has a brown color and a sweet taste, and its aroma is characteristic, described as fruity and earthy. Green rooibos has a grassy aftertaste. 

You can make iced tea with rooibos. 3 tablespoons dried with a liter of boiling water, filter, cool, add a tablespoon of honey and juice from half a lemon, and then put in a few hours in the fridge. 

The tea contains a few tannins, so you do not feel the bitterness in its taste. Like all herbal teas, rooibos does not contain caffeine, therefore it has no stimulant effect and can be drunk even just before bedtime. Rooibos is often used for tea blends. It is used with other herbs as a basic or additional ingredient. You can buy rooibos flavored with strawberry and vanilla, less bergamot or the addition of spicy spices. It is also found in blends with black and green tea. Rooibos tastes good served with milk and sugar. You can drink a cold and hot infusion, with the addition of fruit juices, giving a refreshing effect and honey, emphasizing the natural aroma of the infusion. 


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The composition of rooibos 

Fresh rooibos leaves are rich in vitamin C. The tea contains no caffeine and is characterized by a low content of tannins, which hinder the absorption of micro- and macroelements. In a 200-ml glass of rooibos infusion potassium (7.12 mg), sodium (6.16 mg), magnesium (1.57 mg), calcium (1.09 mg), as well as fluorine, copper, iron, manganese are found. and zinc. 

Rooibos is primarily a source of antioxidants for polyphenols, flavonols, dihydrochalkons, aspalathin and nothofagin. The processed leaves contain cinnamic acid and benzoic acid, which has a bactericidal and fungicidal effect. 


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Rooibos – healing properties 

Rooibos has been appreciated in folk medicine for many generations, and now its health properties are confirmed by scientific research. It can be used in many areas of treatment and is recommended to all people who care about health and good shape. 

It protects against free radical attacks. The infusion of rooibos is rich in antioxidants, which inhibit the action of substances with oxidative activity, penetrating into the body from the environment and produced by cells as a result of physiological processes. Antioxidants act protectively against DNA and cell proteins, preventing adverse changes and mutations. 

It lowers blood pressure. Rooibos is known to relieve stress and nervous tension and the associated increased blood pressure. 

It has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system. The better functioning of the cardiovascular system in regular rooibos drinkers is due to the presence of antioxidants, as well as the inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme, which is a risk factor for heart disease. Among these people, there was also a lower mortality rate due to cardiovascular events, but the exact mechanism of the phenomenon was not known. 

It helps in type II diabetes. The antioxidant of aspalathin found in rooibos infusion has beneficial effects in the case of type II diabetes. It balances blood sugar, increases the sensitivity of tissues to insulin, improves the use of glucose by the muscles and affects the secretion of insulin by the pancreas. Rooibos can be used in the prevention of type II diabetes and in patients who are ill to improve their condition and prevent blood glucose surges. Glucose tolerance in subjects with type II diabetes has improved after only 5 weeks of regular rooibos infusion. 

Supports liver regeneration. Studies in mice have shown that the daily use of rooibos in amounts that can be normally drunk by humans accelerates liver regeneration. 

Relieves colic in children and abdominal pain. The infusion of rooibos has traditionally been given to small children in the case of collections. It was mixed with a small amount of milk to improve the taste. Rooibos can also be used in adults in the case of stomach pain and stomach upsets. Already one cup relieves discomfort. For this action probably corresponds to the anti-inflammatory quercetin present in rooibos. In addition, the tea has diastolic properties, prevents diarrhea and other intestinal ailments. 

It has anticancer activity. Drinking rooibos reduces the risk of cancer due to the content of antioxidants. Extracts from this tea can be used in combination with drugs in the case of cancer. 

Supports the treatment of skin problems. Rooibos is helpful in the case of rash, eczema, acne, irritation, dry skin and sunburn, as well as chafes in young children. It protects the skin against premature aging and wrinkles. It can be used as a wrap. The favorable properties of rooibos are due to the presence of alpha-hydroxy acids and zinc. 

It has a beneficial effect on the respiratory tract. In folk medicine, rooibos is used for respiratory problems, such as asthma and bronchitis. Studies in rats have confirmed bronchodilatory and coughing activity, which gives grounds for respiratory diseases.


Health effect of green tea

Tea is the most popular beverage in the world after water. Every second, 15,000 cups of tea are drunk on Earth. However, the tea tea is uneven. One can hear that green tea is especially good for health, but what exactly does it mean? Although black, green and ulung tea are obtained from one plant called Camelia sinensis, the chemical composition of each one is completely different. It has been shown in green tea that there are 100 different molecules that give it its characteristic health benefits.

The healing properties of green tea have been known to the Chinese since ancient times, since they have used it to treat everything from headaches to depression.
Green Tea EGCG
Current scientific studies provide hard evidence for the long-established association of therapeutic properties such as anti-cancer and cardiovascular disease.

The secret of green tea lies in the richness of the catechin polyphenols contained therein, in particular the compound known as EGCG, which is a very strong antioxidant. Why do not other teas have the same medicinal properties as green tea? Green tea is distinguished by the way it is made. Green tea leaves are treated with steam, which prevents the oxidation of the EGCG compound. Black tea and ulung, on the other hand, are made from fermented leaves, which transforms EGCG into other compounds that are no longer as effective in preventing and combating various diseases.

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However, the maximum use of health-promoting properties of green tea is not as easy as it may seem. There are ongoing discussions about how long it should be brewed to get the maximum therapeutic benefit. Studies show that brewing time shorter than 5 minutes extracts only 20%. catechin polyphenols. However, when brewed for too long, the same ingredients that provide medicinal properties can spoil the taste, making the tea taste like grass. Specialists recommend brewing it for 8-10 minutes, allowing to achieve a proper balance between health and taste.

An open question is what quantities of green tea should you drink? Research has yet to show whether drinking larger amounts brings better health benefits. Keep in mind that green tea contains caffeine (albeit less than coffee) and too high doses may cause insomnia. It is also necessary to investigate whether green tea may be helpful in arthritis or may lower high cholesterol.


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