Obesity is always a health risk and should be properly treated.It is worth knowing, however, that there are various types of obesity.Consuming excessive amounts of food is the most important but not the only reason for gaining weight.What’s more, not every human is in the same way.Awareness of the causes of obesity and knowledge about its types facilitates the fight against excessive kilograms, so you should not underestimate this topic.
Primary and secondary obesity
Obesity can be divided into, among others, primary and secondary.Overeating leads to primary obesity, while secondary obesity is a symptom of some diseases.Of course, in the case of primary obesity, genetic determinants are also of some importance.Some do not have genes responsible for normal metabolism, so they gain more weight than people who did not have such a gene mutation.Environmental factors are also important, ie the lack of a habit of healthy eating, the habit of greasy and sweet dishes, and at the same time low activity.Obesity is also promoted by reduced mental resistance because stress is a frequent cause of snacking and stimulates the production of cortisol, which is not an ally of a slim figure.
Secondary obesity may be caused by diseases such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, Turner syndrome, hypopituitarism of the pituitary gland, damage to the hypothalamus, and in the case of womenalso polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).For those suffering from such diseases, good information is that by combining the right treatment with a healthy lifestyle, you can usually avoid excessive weight gain.Weight gain can also be caused by the intake of certain medications, such as steroids, which are used to treat asthma and thyroid diseases, among others.Side effects of this type of drugs make many people look for alternative therapies.If it is not possible to treat the disease in a different way, then it is very important to plan the right diet and regular sports.
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Gynoid obsession, androidine and generalized
Obesity can also be divided into gynoidal, androidic and generalized.The difference is in which parts of the body the fatty tissue accumulates the most.The determination of the type of obesity therefore requires a comparison of body weight with the waist and hips.The so-called WHR (Waist to Hip Ratio) is used here.The waist circumference is measured by the hip circumference.The even distribution of adipose tissue is indicative of generalized obesity.If WHR is at least 0.8 in a woman or 1.0 in a man, it is gynoid obesity.If the result is smaller, then we can talk about android obesity.
Gynoid obesity is especially common among women.Such a figure is called pear, because fat tissue is deposited mainly on the hips and buttocks.At the same time, getting rid of fat from these parts of the body is very difficult.The accumulation of adipose tissue around the hips and buttocks may have genetic or hormonal background.
Obesity android is otherwise abdominal obesity.One can then speak of an apple-like figure.This type of obesity concerns mainly men as well as menopausal women.Abdominal obesity is considered more dangerous because fat accumulates the body’s internal organs, such as the heart, lungs or liver, which makes their work much more difficult.Android obesity is often accompanied by diabetes and hypertension.In the case of men, abdominal obesity can lead to breast enlargement.
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Generalized obesity is associated with even distribution of fat, but it does not mean that it does not pose a health risk.Excess body fat burden the entire body, including the osteoarticular system, including the backbone, forced to bear too much weight.Generalized obesity makes it difficult to move and increases the risk of many diseases, while untreated can even lead to disability.
Obesity can also be divided into grades.In this case, the determinant is BMI (Body Mass Index).If the BMI ranges from 25 to 29.99, then we can talk not about obesity, but about overweight.Obesity of the first degree occurs when the BMI is equal to or greater than 30 but does not exceed 34.99.BMI between 35 and 39.99 is second degree obesity.In the case of BMI equal or greater than 40, we deal with third degree obesity, also called extreme obesity.Of course, even the overweight is a threat, so you must change your eating habits and lifestyle as soon as your BMI is 25. Remember that the more excessive kilos, the harder it is to return to the correct weight.Overweight and obesity reduce efficiency, so you may have problems with sports and even moving.It is also difficult to get used to excessive eating and eating heavy foods and diseases that are the result of obesity.It is important, therefore, that during weight loss obese people do not lack the help of specialists, namely doctors, dieticians and trainers.
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