What is under the symbol E – harmless or harmful substance?

According to Polish law, the information on the composition of the product must be placed on the packaging. Unfortunately, the client is often completely unintelligible, because it largely consists of the symbols E – they are international markings of substances added to food. These symbols are associated only with artificial dyes and preservatives, although it does not have to be that way. So what is hidden under the mysterious symbols of E? Which are harmless and which make food simply harmful?

Print a cheat sheet with sybastances that you’d better avoid. Wear it in your wallet and use it when shopping!

 

These symbols can be grouped as follows

E100-E199 are dyes and pigments

E200-E269 preservatives

E270-E399 antioxidants, stabilizers

E400-E499 thickening agents

above E500-additives difficult to classify

 

Additives in food products

Additives harmless

E-100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 111, 122, 126, 130, 132, 140, 151, 152, 160.

E-161, 162, 163, 170, 174, 175, 180, 181, 201, 202, 203, 236, 237.

E-238, 260, 261, 262, 263, 270, 280, 281, 282, 290, 300, 304, 305, 306.

E-307, 308, 309, 322, 325, 326, 327, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337.

E-382, 400, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 408, 410, 411, 413, 414, 420, 421.

E-422, 440, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475,

 

Additives suspicious

E-125, 141, 150, 153, 171, 172, 173, 240, 241, 477.

 

Additives causing disorders

– intestinal disorders – E-220, 221, 222, 223, 224.

– digestive disorders – E-338, 339, 340, 341, 407, 450, 461, 463, 466.

skin diseases – E-230, 231, 231, 233.

– destroying B12 – E-200.

– causing diseases of the circulatory system – E-250, 251, 252.

 

Dangerous additives

E-102, 110, 120, 124, 127, 311, 312,

Carcinogenic additives

E-123, 131, 142, 211, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 239, 330,

 

Explanation of some symbols E

E100

Turmeric (curcumin). A natural, vegetable, yellow dye from runners of the Curcuma longa plant. Consumed in large quantities may cause excessive secretion of bile. He is considered harmless.

 

E102

Tartrazine. Synthetic yellow azo dye. May cause allergies. In particular, people who react allergic to aspirin (acetylsalylic acid) and asthma are at risk. Side effects difficulty in breathing, skin rash and vision problems. Its consumption is not recommended.

 

E104

Quinoline yellow. Synthetic greenish-yellow dye. May cause allergies. In the rat test, after the administration of pure quinoline, liver cancer was observed.

 

E110

Orange yellow. Synthetic orange azo dye. May cause allergies. In animal tests at high doses, kidney tumors have been found.

 

E120

Cochineal. Natural, animal red dye. Derived from insects Dactylpius coccus cacti.

 

E123

Amaranth. Synthetic red azo dye. Allowed to be used only for coloring wines for aperitifs, alcohols and eggs. In animal tests, its effect on calcium deposition in the kidneys was found. Prohibited for use in the US because there is a suspicion that it is carcinogenic. Its consumption is not recommended.

 

E127

Erythrosine. Synthetic red dye. Allowed to be used only for cocktail or candied cherries, fruit salads with the addition of cherries. It can release iodine and impair thyroid function. In animal tests, cases of neoplastic thyroid lesions were found. People with thyroid problems should avoid foodstuffs colored with this substance. It is not recommended to eat.

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