Pears are fruits that far too rarely appear in our menu! Summer is coming – the time of the year when buying these fruits should not cause any problems. Even better, if we have access to pears in home orchards or gardeners’ friends, the fresh fruits picked from the tree are characterized by the highest health and nutritional value.
As confirmed by American scientists, regular consumption of pears – similarly to apples or plums, can significantly reduce the risk of selected cancer diseases, mainly due to the content of numerous polyphenolic compounds such as chlorogenic acid, coumaric acid, arbutin, quercetin, catechins, epicatechin , carotenoids or lutein and zeaxanthin. All of these compounds have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and are crucial in inhibiting the development of many chronic diseases – including cancer. As shown by the results of studies conducted on a large group of elderly people, eating two servings of pears a day can significantly reduce the risk of development, stomach cancer or esophagus.
Pears are a very good source of fiber – both soluble and insoluble fractions, which combined with a large amount of phenolic compounds allows you to regulate processes related to glucose metabolism, and also positively affects the lipid profile of the blood. Phenolic compounds improve the sensitivity of tissues to insulin – it is assumed that this is done by regulating an important enzyme, NADH oxidase. Pears are also a good source of dietary fiber and potassium, which proper participation in the diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension or atherosclerosis.
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